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Structural, magnetic, transport, and thermoelectric properties of the pseudobrookite AlTi$$_{2}$$O$$_{5}$$-Ti$$_{3}$$O$$_{5}$$ system

Takahama, Ryusei*; Ishii, Toi*; Indo, Daigo*; Arizono, Mitsutoshi*; Terakura, Chieko*; Tokura, Yoshinori*; Takeshita, Nao*; Noda, Masaaki*; Kuwahara, Hideki*; Saiki, Takuo*; Katsufuji, Takuro*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi  ; Okuda, Tetsuji*

We investigated the structural, magnetic, transport, and high-temperature thermoelectric properties of single crystals of the pseudobrookite Al$$_{1-x}$$Ti$$_{2+x}$$O$$_{5}$$ for $$0 le x le 1$$ grown using a floating zone. We found a correlation of spin-singlet Ti$$^{3+}$$-Ti$$^{3+}$$ dimers coupled with the lattice even in the conductive $$alpha$$ and $$lambda$$ phases which develops with increasing $$x$$. This developing dimer correlation reduces the number of unpaired Ti$$^{3+}$$ ions, which makes the compound more conductive owing to the suppression of disorder for $$x$$ up to about 0.75. The dimer fluctuation causes a critical enhancement of the magnetic susceptibility at around 150 K in the $$lambda$$ phase near the boundary ($$x sim 0.9$$) between the $$lambda$$ and the $$beta$$ phases. Such a correlation of the spin-singlet Ti$$^{3+}$$-Ti$$^{3+}$$ dimers may produce a high Seebeck coefficient in the conductive $$alpha$$ and $$lambda$$ phases leading to a large thermoelectric power factor at high temperatures.

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Category:Materials Science, Multidisciplinary

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