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Measurement of $$mathcal{R}(D)$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*)$$ with a semileptonic tagging method

Semileptonic tagging法による$$mathcal{R}(D)$$および$$mathcal{R}(D^*)$$の測定

Caria, G.*; 谷田 聖; Belle Collaboration*; 他202名*

Caria, G.*; Tanida, Kiyoshi; Belle Collaboration*; 202 of others*

The experimental results on the ratios of branching fractions $$mathcal{R}(D) = {cal B}(bar{B} to D tau^- bar{nu_{tau}})/{cal B}(bar{B} to D ell^- barnu_{ell})$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*) = {cal B}(bar{B} to D^* tau^- bar{nu_{tau}})/{cal B}(bar{B} to D^* ell^- bar{nu_{ell}})$$, where $$ell$$ denotes an electron or a muon, show a long-standing discrepancy with the Standard Model predictions, and might hint to a violation of lepton flavor universality. We report a new simultaneous measurement of $$mathcal{R}(D)$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*)$$, based on a data sample containing $$772 times 10^6$$ $$Bbar{B}$$ events recorded at the $$Upsilon(4S)$$ resonance with the Belle detector at the KEKB $$e^+ e^-$$ collider. In this analysis the tag-side $$B$$ meson is reconstructed in a semileptonic decay mode and the signal-side $$tau$$ is reconstructed in a purely leptonic decay. The measured values are $$mathcal{R}(D)= 0.307 pm 0.037 pm 0.016$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*) = 0.283 pm 0.018 pm 0.014$$, where the first uncertainties are statistical and the second are systematic. These results are in agreement with the Standard Model predictions within $$0.2$$, $$1.1$$ and $$0.8$$ standard deviations for $$mathcal{R}(D)$$, $$mathcal{R}(D^*)$$ and their combination, respectively. This work constitutes the most precise measurements of $$mathcal{R}(D)$$ and $$mathcal{R}(D^*)$$ performed to date as well as the first result for $$mathcal{R}(D)$$ based on a semileptonic tagging method.

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パーセンタイル:21.79

分野:Physics, Multidisciplinary

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