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Report No.
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Behavior of radiocesium in sediments in Fukushima coastal waters; Verification of desorption potential through pore water

Otosaka, Shigeyoshi* ; Kambayashi, Shota*; Fukuda, Miho*; Tsuruta, Tadahiko ; Misono, Toshiharu ; Suzuki, Takashi ; Aono, Tatsuo*

Concentrations of $$^{137}$$Cs in seawater, seabed sediment, and pore water collected from the area around Fukushima were investigated from 2015 to 2018, and the potential of coastal sediments to supply radiocesium to the bottom environment was evaluated. The $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in the pore water ranged from 33 to 1934 mBq L$$^{-1}$$ and was 10-40 times higher than that in the overlying water (seawater overlying within 30 cm on the seabed). At most stations, the $$^{137}$$Cs concentrations in the overlying water and the pore water were approximately proportional to those in the sediment. The conditional partition coefficient between pore water and sediment was 0.9-14$$times$$10$$^{2}$$ L kg$$^{-1}$$, independent of the year of sampling. These results indicated that an equilibrium of $$^{137}$$Cs between pore water and sediment has established in a relatively short period, and $$^{137}$$Cs in the pore water is gradually exported to seawater near the seabed. A simple box model estimation based on these results showed that the $$^{137}$$Cs in the sediment was decreased by about 6% per year by desorption/diffusion of $$^{137}$$Cs from the seabed.

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