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Report No.

A Sensitive method for Sr-90 analysis by accelerator mass spectrometry

Sasa, Kimikazu*; Honda, Maki   ; Hosoya, Seiji*; Takahashi, Tsutomu*; Takano, Kenta*; Ochiai, Yuta*; Sakaguchi, Aya*; Kurita, Saori*; Satou, Yukihiko   ; Sueki, Keisuke*

Strontium-90 ($$^{90}$$Sr) is one of the most important fission products due to the potential health risks of its uptake and retention in the human body. Conventional analysis techniques involve beta-counting, which requires ingrowth of $$^{90}$$Y over a period of two weeks or more. Accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS) has the potential to shorten the analysis time while offering a lower limit of detection than beta-counting. Here, Sr in samples was recovered as SrF$$_{2}$$ to provide sufficient negative ions in the caesium-sputtering ion source. In the sample preparation step, 95-98% of Sr was recovered and 99-100% of Zr removed by ion-exchange separation. Sr recovery was $$sim$$30% in the precipitation process, and this can be improved. The recovered $$^{90}$$Sr was mixed with PbF$$_{2}$$ at an SrF$$_{2}$$:PbF$$_{2}$$ weight ratio of 4:1. A maximum 500 nA beam current of Sr$$_{3}$$ ions was obtained from SrF$$_{2}$$ samples. A five-anode gas ionization detector was used to avoid isobaric interference from $$^{90}$$Zr. The $$^{90}$$Sr/Sr atomic ratio background of $$sim$$6 $$times$$ 10$$^{-13}$$ (equivalent to $$sim$$3 mBq $$^{90}$$Sr) was comparable with that achieved at other AMS facilities. Good linearity $$^{90}$$Sr/Sr atomic ratios was obtained from 1.75 $$times$$ 10$$^{-10}$$ to 3.38 $$times$$ 10$$^{-9}$$. Suitable techniques for sample preparation and measurement were thus achieved for $$^{90}$$Sr analysis by AMS.



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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology



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