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$$^{137}$$Cs outflow from forest floor adjacent to a residential area; Comparison of decontaminated and non-decontaminated forest floor

Niizato, Tadafumi ; Watanabe, Takayoshi 

The 3-years monitoring of $$^{137}$$Cs outflow associated with soil erosion in the decontaminated and no decontaminated sites using experimental plot was conducted in the forest of Fukushima during the rainy season. The $$^{137}$$Cs outflow in the decontaminated site was 10 to 14 times larger than that of no decontaminated site. However, the outflow in the decontaminated site decreased from 3.24% to 0.61% in corresponding with the recovery of the forest floor cover. When reaching of the forest floor cover to 60% and over, the $$^{137}$$Cs outflow in the decontaminated site turned into relatively minor fluctuations and similar level to the no decontaminated site. The decrease in the $$^{137}$$Cs outflow corresponding to the restoration of the forest floor cover was owing to the recovering of the protective effect of forest floor against the raindrop splash and decrease in ratio of the soil component with relatively high $$^{137}$$Cs activity in the particulate matter.

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