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Report No.

Improvement of HI concentration performance for hydrogen production iodine-sulfur process using crosslinked cation-exchange membrane

Tanaka, Nobuyuki ; Sawada, Shinichi*; Yamaki, Tetsuya*; Kodaira, Takahide*; Kimura, Takehiro*; Nomura, Mikihiro*

We have been developing the ion exchange membranes by a radiation grafted polymerization method to improve HI concentration performance for Electro-electrodialysis (EED) in the thermochemical water-splitting hydrogen production iodine-sulfur process. In this work, the crosslinking structures were introduced to the ion exchange membranes. The proton conductivity ($$sigma$$), transport number (t$$_{+}$$), and water permeation factor ($$beta$$) of these crosslinked ion exchange membranes were measured and the effect of crosslinks to these performance indexes were investigated. The introduction of crosslinks was found to improve the selectivity of H$$^{+}$$ and water transport (increase of t$$_{+}$$ and decrease of $$beta$$), although the $$sigma$$ somewhat decreased. The EED model that we established to discuss the permeation mechanism of EED system was used to theoretically analyze the effect of crosslink on the performance indexes. Based on this analysis of measurement results, the introduction of the crosslink was found to little affect the absorbed amount of HIx solution and H$$^{+}$$ diffusion coefficient in the tested membranes, whereas it could lead to decrease I$$^{-}$$ diffusion coefficient. The results of $$sigma$$ and t$$_{+}$$ could reflect these effects. In addition, we found the fact that crosslink can inhibit the swelling due to the absorption of the HIx solution. As a result, the $$beta$$ value decreased owing to the introduction of crosslink.



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Category:Engineering, Chemical



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