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Spin-polarized Weyl cones and giant anomalous Nernst effect in ferromagnetic Heusler films

強磁性ホイスラー薄膜におけるスピン偏極ワイルコーンと巨大異常ネルンスト効果

角田 一樹  ; 桜庭 裕弥*; 増田 啓介*; 河野 嵩*; 鹿子木 将明*; 後藤 一希*; Zhou, W.*; 宮本 幸治*; 三浦 良雄*; 奥田 太一*; 木村 昭夫*

Sumida, Kazuki; Sakuraba, Yuya*; Masuda, Keisuke*; Kono, Takashi*; Kakoki, Masaaki*; Goto, Kazuki*; Zhou, W.*; Miyamoto, Koji*; Miura, Yoshio*; Okuda, Taiichi*; Kimura, Akio*

Weyl semimetals are characterized by the presence of massless band dispersion in momentum space. When a Weyl semimetal meets magnetism, large anomalous transport properties emerge as a consequence of its topological nature. Here, using in-situ spin- and angle-resolved photoelectron spectroscopy combined with ab initio calculations, we visualize the spin-polarized Weyl cone and flat-band surface states of ferromagnetic Co$$_2$$MnGa films with full remanent magnetization. We demonstrate that the anomalous Hall and Nernst conductivities systematically grow when the magnetization-induced massive Weyl cone at a Lifshitz quantum critical point approaches the Fermi energy, until a high anomalous Nernst thermopower of $$sim$$6.2 $$mu$$VK$$^{-1}$$ is realized at room temperature. Given this topological quantum state and full remanent magnetization, Co$$_2$$MnGa films are promising for realizing high efficiency heat flux and magnetic field sensing devices operable at room temperature and zero-field.

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