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Ultrafast carrier dynamics and light-induced functionalizations of topological insulators

Sumida, Kazuki   ; Ishida, Yukiaki*; Kimura, Akio*

By using time- and angle-resolved photoemission spectroscopy, we investigate the ultrafast carrier dynamics in the series of (Sb,Bi)$$_{2}$$Te$$_{3}$$. We show that the electronic recovery time for the surface Dirac fermions is prolonged to $$>$$ 400 ps when the charge neutrality point is approached. We also discuss the emergence of light-induced functionalizations such as surface photovoltage effect in the ultrafast time-domain. Our study strengthens the route toward the Dirac materials to be an opto-spintronic application.



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