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Observation of a $$bar{K}NN$$ bound state in the $$^{3}$$He $$(K^-, Lambda p)n$$ reaction

$$^{3}$$He$$ (K^-, Lambda p)n$$反応における$$bar{K}NN$$束縛状態の観測

山我 拓巳*; 橋本 直  ; 谷田 聖  ; 他66名*

Yamaga, Takumi*; Hashimoto, Tadashi; Tanida, Kiyoshi; 66 of others*

We have performed an exclusive measurement of the $$K^{-}+! ~^{3}{rm He} to Lambda pn$$ reaction at an incident kaon momentum of $$1 {rm GeV}/c$$. In the $$Lambda p$$ invariant mass spectrum, a clear peak was observed below the mass threshold of $$bar{K}+N+N$$, as a signal of the kaonic nuclear bound state, $$bar{K}NN$$. The binding energy, decay width, and $$S$$-wave Gaussian reaction form-factor of this state were observed to be $$B_{K} = 42pm3({rm stat.})^{+3}_{-4}({rm syst.}) {rm MeV}$$, $$Gamma_{K} = 100pm7({rm stat.})^{+19}_{-9}({rm syst.}) {rm MeV}$$, and $$Q_{K} = 383pm11({rm stat.})^{+4}_{-1}({rm syst.}) {rm MeV}/c$$, respectively. The total production cross-section of $$bar{K}NN$$, determined by its $$Lambda p$$ decay mode, was $$sigma^{tot}_{K} cdot BR_{Lambda p} = 9.3pm0.8({rm stat.})^{+1.4}_{-1.0}({rm syst.}) mu{rm b}$$. We estimated the branching ratio of the $$bar{K}NN$$ state to the $$Lambda p$$ and $$Sigma^{0}p$$ decay modes as $$BR_{Lambda p}/BR_{Sigma ^{0}p} sim 1.7$$, by assuming that the physical processes leading to the $$Sigma N!N$$ final states are analogous to those of $$Lambda pn$$.

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パーセンタイル:57.67

分野:Physics, Nuclear

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