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Development of spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry for extracting the structure factor of hydrogen atoms

Miura, Daisuke*; Kumada, Takayuki  ; Sekine, Yurina  ; Motokawa, Ryuhei  ; Nakagawa, Hiroshi  ; Oba, Yojiro ; Ohara, Takashi  ; Takata, Shinichi ; Hiroi, Kosuke ; Morikawa, Toshiaki*; Kawamura, Yukihiko*; Oishi, Kazuki*; Suzuki, Junichi*; Miyachi, Yoshiyuki*; Iwata, Takahiro*

We developed a spin-contrast-variation neutron powder diffractometry technique that extracts the structure factor of hydrogen atoms, namely, the contribution of hydrogen atoms to a crystal structure factor. Crystals of L-glutamic acid were dispersed in a dpolystyrene matrix containing 4-methacryloyloxy-2,2,6,6,-tetramethyl-1-piperidinyloxy (TEMPO methacrylate) to polarize their proton spins dynamically. The intensities of the diffraction peaks of the sample changed according to the proton polarization, and the structure factor of the hydrogen atoms was extracted from the proton-polarization dependent intensities. This technique is expected to enable analyses of the structures of hydrogen-containing materials that are difficult to determine with conventional powder diffractometry.

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Category:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary

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