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Report No.

Structure of basaltic glass at pressures up to 18 GPa

Ohashi, Tomonori*; Sakamaki, Tatsuya*; Funakoshi, Kenichi*; Hattori, Takanori   ; Hisano, Naoki*; Abe, Jun*; Suzuki, Akio*

The basaltic glass structure were investigated to 18 GPa using in situ X-ray and neutron diffraction. The O-O coordination number (CN$$_textrm{OO}$$) starts to rise with maintaining the mean O-O distance (r$$_textrm{OO}$$) above 2-4 GPa, and then CN$$_textrm{OO}$$ stops increasing and r$$_textrm{OO}$$ begins to shrink along with the increase in the Al-O coordination number (CN$$_textrm{AlO}$$) above 9 GPa. This is interpreted by the change in the contraction mechanism from tetrahedral network bending to oxygen packing ratio increase via the CN$$_textrm{AlO}$$ increase. The oxygen packing fraction exceeds the value for dense random packing, suggesting that the oxygen-packing hypothesis cannot account for the pressure-induced structural transformations of silica and silicate glasses. The CN$$_textrm{OO}$$ increase at 2-4 GPa reflects the elastic softening of silicate glass, which may causes anomalous elastic moduli of basaltic glass at $$sim$$ 2 GPa.



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Category:Geochemistry & Geophysics



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