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Report No.
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Consideration of triple-harmonic operation for the J-PARC RCS

Okita, Hidefumi ; Tamura, Fumihiko  ; Yamamoto, Masanobu  ; Nomura, Masahiro ; Shimada, Taihei ; Yoshii, Masahito*; Omori, Chihiro*; Sugiyama, Yasuyuki*; Hasegawa, Katsushi*; Hara, Keigo*; Furusawa, Masashi*

In the J-PARC RCS, the dual-harmonic operation, in which each RF cavity is driven by superposition of the fundamental accelerating voltage and the second harmonic voltage, are employed. The dual-harmonic-operation significantly improves the bunching factor and is indispensable for acceleration of the high intensity beams. The original LLRF control system was replaced with the new system in 2019, which can control the amplitudes of the higher harmonics as well as the fundamental and second harmonics. Therefore we consider to use additionally the third harmonic voltage for further improvement of the bunching factor during acceleration. By the triple-harmonic operation, the flat RF bucket can be realized and beam simulation results indicate that the bunching factor can be improved about 30% at maximum. In this presentation, we describe the longitudinal simulation studies of the triple-harmonic operation. Also the preliminary test results are presented.

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