Development of stable solidification technique of ALPS sediment wastes by apatite ceramics (Contract research); FY2020 Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project
Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science; Tokyo Institute of Technology*
The Collaborative Laboratories for Advanced Decommissioning Science (CLADS), Japan Atomic Energy Agency (JAEA), had been conducting the Nuclear Energy Science & Technology and Human Resource Development Project (hereafter referred to "the Project") in FY2020. The Project aims to contribute to solving problems in the nuclear energy field represented by the decommissioning of the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station, Tokyo Electric Power Company Holdings, Inc. (TEPCO). For this purpose, intelligence was collected from all over the world, and basic research and human resource development were promoted by closely integrating/collaborating knowledge and experiences in various fields beyond the barrier of conventional organizations and research fields. The sponsor of the Project was moved from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology to JAEA since the newly adopted proposals in FY2018. On this occasion, JAEA constructed a new research system where JAEA-academia collaboration is reinforced and medium-to-long term research/development and human resource development contributing to the decommissioning are stably and consecutively implemented. Among the adopted proposals in FY2019, this report summarizes the research results of the "Development of stable solidification technique of ALPS sediment wastes by apatite ceramics" conducted in FY2020. The present study aims to establish an apatite solidification process of radioactive sediment wastes, which were generated from the ALPS process manipulating the large amount of contaminated water from Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station. In FY2020, the synthetic scheme and elemental composition were updated to precipitation method to accept the actual ALPS sediment wastes in engineering scale. The synthesis of apatite or phosphate wastes and their molding conditions were surveyed, and the relations among elemental compositions, structures and chemical properties were clarified.