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Formation of Type A glassy cesium-bearing microparticles from HEPA filter materials in Unit 3 during Fukushima Dai-ichi NPS accident; From viewpoint of similarity in silicate glass composition

福島第一原子力発電所事故時の3号機HEPAフィルタ材からのType Aガラス質Cs含有微粒子の生成; ケイ酸塩ガラス成分の類似性の観点から

日高 昭秀  

Hidaka, Akihide

福島事故時に放出されたType Aガラス質Cs含有微粒子の生成機構として、3号機の水素爆発時に非常用ガス処理系のHEPAフィルタ材(グラスファイバ: GF)が溶融・微粒化した可能性を指摘した。本検討では、EPMAを用いてType Aを覆うSiO$$_{2}$$とGFの構成元素を調べた。その結果、両者の元素は、炉内で生成してHEPAフィルタに運ばれた微粒子中に含まれていたと考えられるCs, Fe, Snを除き、ほぼ一致していた。また、高真空下でGFにEPMAの電子線を照射すると、数ミクロンの球形粒子が容易に生成した。これらはType Aが水素爆発の火炎で生成したことを強く示唆している。さらに、水素爆発直後に重力ダンパが閉じて、ダンパ前が亜真空、ダンパ後が大気圧となって粒子表面温度やSiO$$_{2}$$表面張力に差があったことが球形と非球形の微粒子を生成させた可能性を示し、Type Aの生成機構を詳細化した。

Author recently proposed that the Type A glassy Cesium-bearing microparticles that were released during the Fukushima accident may have been formed by melting and atomization of glass fibers of the High Efficiency Particulate Air (HEPA) filter in the Stand-by Gas Treatment System (SGTS) line in Unit 3 during the hydrogen explosion. In the present study, the components of the Type A and glass fibers of HEPA filter were examined using EPMA. The results showed that the components of the Type A were almost the same as that of the glass fibers except for Cs, Fe, Sn, which are considered to have been contained in the in-vessel-derived particles. When the glass fiber was irradiated with the electron beam of the Electron Probe Micro Analyzer (EPMA) under vacuum condition, spherical particles of a few micro m size were formed that looked very similar to the Type A. These strongly suggest that the HEPA filter is Si source of the Type A.

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