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Survival probabilities of charmonia as a clue to measure transient magnetic fields

Iwasaki, Sachio*; Jido, Daisuke*; Oka, Makoto  ; Suzuki, Kei 

We investigate time evolution of $$S$$-wave charmonium populations under a time-dependent homogeneous magnetic field and evaluate survival probabilities of the low-lying charmonia to the goal of estimating the magnetic field strength at heavy-ion collisions. Our approach implements mixing between different spin eigenstates and transitions to radially excited states. We show that the survival probabilities can change even by an extremely short magnetic field. Furthermore, we find that the survival probabilities depend on the initial spin states. We propose the sum of the survival probabilities over spin partners as an observable insensitive to the initial states. We also find that the sum can be approximately given as a function of $$sigma B_0^2$$ with a duration time $$sigma$$ and the maximum strength of the magnetic field $$B_0$$.



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