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Report No.
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Effects of local bonding between solute atoms and vacancy on formation of nanoclusters in Al-Mg-Si alloys

Kurihara, Kensuke*; Lobzenko, I.   ; Tsuru, Tomohito   ; Serizawa, Ai*

Nanoclusters formed in Al-Mg-Si alloys affect the aging behavior of the alloys depending on the formation temperature. In the present study, first-principles calculations were carried out to evaluate the two- and three-body interactions between Mg, Si atoms and vacancies in the Al matrix and to estimate the effect of local bond structures on the formation of nanoclusters. Monte Carlo simulations were subsequently performed to investigate the stable structure of nanocluster formed in Al-Mg-Si alloy. We found that Mg-Si bond and Si-Vac bond were stable in Al matrix. The result showed that the solute atoms are easy to aggregate with another type of atoms and that Si atom had a strong attractive interaction with a vacancy. Mg-Si-vacancy three-body bond were more stable than Mg-Si two-body bond and Si-vacancy two-body bond in Al matrix. Therefore, vacancies were strongly trapped within the cluster region due to the stable local bonds composed of Mg and Si atoms which indicates that the nanoclusters in Al matrix were thermally stabilized by the stable bonds between solute atoms and vacancy. In addition, these results suggested that inner bonds of nanocluster played a significant role in not only the thermal stability but also the formation and growth behavior of nanoclusters during aging at low temperatures.

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