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Nanoscopic structure of borosilicate glass with additives for nuclear waste vitrification

ガラス固化に用いるホウケイ酸ガラスのナノ構造に対する添加剤効果

元川 竜平   ; 金子 耕士   ; 大場 洋次郎  ; 永井 崇之  ; 岡本 芳浩  ; 小林 大志*; 熊田 高之   ; Heller, W. T.*

Motokawa, Ryuhei; Kaneko, Koji; Oba, Yojiro; Nagai, Takayuki; Okamoto, Yoshihiro; Kobayashi, Taishi*; Kumada, Takayuki; Heller, W. T.*

We investigated the nanoscopic structure of borosilicate glasses as a host for high-level radioactive liquid waste (HLLW) in the presence of the additives Na$$_{2}$$O and CaO/ZnO with and without Li$$_{2}$$O. These additives have been practically used to lower the glass melting point, suppress the macroscopic phase separation, and increase the chemical durability of glasses. Small-angle neutron scattering was used to elucidate the effect of the additives on the nanoscopic structure along with macro- and atomic-scale observations obtained using neutron imaging and X-ray diffraction, respectively. The borosilicate glass formed a microphase-separated structure of SiO$$_{2}$$- and B$$_{2}$$O$$_{3}$$-rich domains approximately 100 nm in size in the absence of Na$$_{2}$$O, even in a structure homogeneous on a millimeter scale, and the domain spacing decreased with increasing Na$$_{2}$$O content rate. The CaO/ZnO additives induced inhomogeneities, such as void structures several nanometers in size, although the inhomogeneity was suppressed by the coaddition of Li$$_{2}$$O. These results provide insights into the performance of host glasses for HLLW vitrification; incorporating HLLW into glasses is likely to cause changes in the nanoscopic structure of host glasses similar to those revealed here.

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分野:Materials Science, Ceramics

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