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Age-hardening mechanisms of heterogeneous-nanostructured SUS316LN stainless steel fabricated by heavy cold rolling

Miura, Hiromi*; Watanabe, Chihiro*; Aoyagi, Yoshiteru*; Oba, Yojiro ; Kobayashi, Masakazu*; Yoshinaga, Naoki*

The nanostructure produced by heavy cold rolling provides tensile strength of 1.9 GPa in SUS316LN austenitic stainless steel, which is further raised up to 2.2 GPa by peak aging at 748 K. Nanostructural observations using electron microscopes, small-angle scattering, and atom probe tomography revealed segregation of solute elements of Mo, Si, and so on at twin and low-angle lamellar boundaries. Finite element calculation demonstrates that this grain-boundary segregation can increase the mechanical strength.

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