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Gapless spin liquid in a square-kagome lattice antiferromagnet

Fujihara, Masayoshi*; Morita, Katsuhiro*; Mole, R.*; Mitsuda, Setsuo*; Toyama, Takami*; Yano, Shinichiro*; Yu, D.*; Sota, Shigetoshi*; Kuwai, Tomohiko*; Koda, Akihiro*; Okabe, Hirotaka*; Lee, H.*; Ito, Shinichi*; Hawai, Takafumi*; Masuda, Takatsugu*; Sagayama, Hajime*; Matsuo, Akira*; Kindo, Koichi*; Kawamura, Seiko  ; Nakajima, Kenji  

Observation of a quantum spin liquid (QSL) state is one of the most important goals in condensed-matter physics, as well as the development of new spintronic devices that support next-generation industries. The QSL in two-dimensional quantum spin systems is expected to be due to geometrical magnetic frustration, and thus a kagome-based lattice is the most probable playground for QSL. Here, we report the first experimental results of the QSL state on a square-kagome quantum antiferromagnet, KCu$$_6$$AlBiO$$_4$$(SO$$_4$$)$$_5$$Cl. Comprehensive experimental studies via magnetic susceptibility, magnetisation, heat capacity, muon spin relaxation, and inelastic neutron scattering measurements reveal the formation of a gapless QSL at very low temperatures close to the ground state. The QSL behavior cannot be explained fully by a frustrated Heisenberg model with nearest-neighbor exchange interactions, providing a theoretical challenge to unveil the nature of the QSL state.

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Category:Multidisciplinary Sciences

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