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Report No.

The Damage analysis for irradiation tolerant spin-driven thermoelectric device based on single-crystalline Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$/Pt heterostructures

Ieda, Junichi   ; Okayasu, Satoru  ; Harii, Kazuya*; Kobata, Masaaki  ; Yoshii, Kenji  ; Fukuda, Tatsuo  ; Ishida, Masahiko*; Saito, Eiji

The combination of spin-driven thermoelectric (STE) devices based on spin Seebeck effect (SSE), and radioactive isotopes as heat sources, has potential as a next-generation method of power generation in applications such as power supplies for space probes. However, there has been very limited knowledge available indicating the irradiation tolerance of spin thermoelectric devices. Through analysis using a heavy ion-beam accelerator and the hard X-ray photoemission spectroscopy (HAXPES) measurements, we show that a prototypical STE device based on Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$/Pt heterostructures has tolerance to irradiation of high-energy heavy-ion beams. We used 320 MeV gold ion beams modeling cumulative damages due to fission products emitted from the surface of spent nuclear fuels. By varying the dose level, we confirmed that the thermoelectric and magnetic properties of the SSE elements are not affected by the ion-irradiation dose up to $$10^{10}$$ ions/cm$$^2$$ fluence and that the SSE signal is extinguished around $$10^{12}$$ ions/cm$$^2$$, in which the ion tracks almost fully cover the sample surface. In addition, the HAXPES measurements were performed to understand the effects at the interface of Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$/Pt. The HAXPES measurements suggest that the chemical reaction that diminishes the SSE signals is enhanced with the increase of the irradiation dose. We share the current understandings of the damage analysis in Y$$_3$$Fe$$_5$$O$$_{12}$$/Pt for developing better STE devices applicable to harsh environmental usages.



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Category:Engineering, Electrical & Electronic



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