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Measurements of strong-interaction effects in kaonic-helium isotopes at sub-eV precision with X-ray microcalorimeters

Hashimoto, Tadashi   ; Tanida, Kiyoshi   ; 68 of others*

We have measured the $$3d to 2p$$ transition X-rays of kaonic $$^3$$He and $$^4$$He atoms using superconducting transition-edge-sensor microcalorimeters with an energy resolution better than 6 eV (FWHM). We determined the energies to be $$6224.5 pm 0.4$$ (stat) $$pm 0.2$$ (syst) eV and $$6463.7pm 0.3$$ (stat) $$pm 0.1$$ (syst) eV, and widths to be $$2.5pm 1.0$$ (stat) $$pm 0.4$$ (syst) eV and $$1.0 pm 0.6$$ (stat) $$pm 0.3$$ (stat) eV, for kaonic $$^3$$He and $$^4$$He, respectively. These values are nearly 10 times more precise than in previous measurements. Our results exclude the large strong-interaction shifts and widths that are suggested by a coupled-channel approach, and agree with calculations based on optical-potential models.

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