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Report No.

A Study of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$-induced oxidative degradation of simulated fuel debris

Kumagai, Yuta   ; Kusaka, Ryoji  ; Nakada, Masami  ; Watanabe, Masayuki   ; Akiyama, Daisuke*; Kirishima, Akira*; Sato, Nobuaki*; Sasaki, Takayuki*

The severe accident at TEPCO's Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station resulted in generation of fuel debris. The fuel debris is in contact with water and the radiolysis of water can accelerate degradation of the debris. The analysis of particles sampled from inside or near the damaged reactors indicates the complicated compositions of the fuel debris. It is challenging to estimate the effect of water radiolysis on such a complicated material. Therefore, in this study, we investigated the potential degradation process by leaching experiments of simulated fuel debris in aqueous H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ solution. The results show that the reaction of H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$ induced uranium dissolution from most of the samples and then formation of uranyl peroxides. In contrast, a sample that had U-Zr oxide solid solution as the major phase exhibited remarkable resistance to H$$_{2}$$O$$_{2}$$. These findings revealed that the degradation of the simulated debris reflects the reactivity and stability of the uranium phase in the matrices.



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