Empirical correction factor to estimate the plastic collapse bending moment of pipes with circumferential surface flaw
Lacroix, V.*; Hasegawa, Kunio; Li, Y. ; Yamaguchi, Yoshihito
The structural integrity assessment of pipes with circumferential surface flaw under the plastic collapse regime consists of net section collapse analysis. In recent years various researchers showed that this analysis, which has been developed based on classic beam theory, suffers from certain inaccuracies. As such, assessment purely based on net-section collapse and beam theory can reveal both conservative and unconservative results. To address those inaccuracies, in this paper authors introduced a correction factor which aims to mitigate the difference between the ASME B&PV Code Section XI equations and the experimental results. This correction factor is calculated using an empirical formula developed on the basis of a large experimental database of pipe collapse bending tests containing variety of diameter, thickness, flaw depth and flaw length values. Within this work, authors took a systematic approach to identify the most influencing factors on such a correction factor and showed that by applying this correction factor to the current solution of ASME B&PV Code Section XI, this solution becomes more accurate. This corrected approach also is in line with ASME B&PV Code Section XI Appendix C practice for axial flaw in pipes, where a semi-empirical correction factor has been considered as well.