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Report No.

Microbial influences on manganese deposit formation at Yunotaki Fall, Japan

Shiraishi, Fumito*; Chihara, Ryoji*; Tanimoto, Risa*; Tanaka, Kazuya  ; Takahashi, Yoshio*

At Yunotaki Fall in north Japan, manganese-oxidizing bacteria were previously assumed to have oxidized manganese to precipitate birnessite, which relied on oxygen released from algae. However, it remained unclear whether larger-scale manganese oxide precipitation was actually occurring under light conditions. This study evaluated the contribution of indirect oxidation using microelectrodes to analyze local water chemistry, in addition to bulk water chemistry and DNA analyses. The results of this study demonstrate that low bulk pH values in the hot spring water hindered indirect oxidation despite the occurrence of active oxygenic photosynthesis and that direct oxidation by manganese-oxidizing bacteria is considered to dominate in the investigated sample.



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Category:Geosciences, Multidisciplinary



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