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Spin fluctuations in the 112-type iron-based superconductor Ca$$_{0.82}$$La$$_{0.18}$$Fe$$_{0.96}$$Ni$$_{0.04}$$As$$_{2}$$

Xie, T.*; Liu, C.*; Kajimoto, Ryoichi  ; Ikeuchi, Kazuhiko*; Li, S.*; Luo, H.*

We report time-of-flight inelastic neutron scattering (INS) investigations on the spin fluctuation spectrum in the 112-type iron-based superconductor (FeSC) Ca$$_{0.82}$$La$$_{0.18}$$Fe$$_{0.96}$$Ni$$_{0.04}$$As$$_{2}$$ (CaLa-112). In comparison to the 122-type FeSCs with a centrosymmetric tetragonal lattice structure (space group $$I4/mmm$$) at room temperature and an in-plane stripe-type antiferromagnetic (AF) order at low temperature, the 112 system has a noncentrosymmetric structure (space group $$P2_1$$) with additional zigzag arsenic chains between Ca/La layers and a magnetic ground state with similar wavevector $$mathbf{Q}_mathrm{AF}$$ but different orientations of ordered moments in the parent compounds. Our INS study clearly reveals that the in-plane dispersions and the bandwidth of spin excitations in the superconducting CaLa-112 closely resemble to those in 122 systems. While the total fluctuating moments $$langle m^2 rangle approx 4.6 pm 0.2$$ $$mu_B^2$$/Fe are larger than 122 system, the dynamic correlation lengths are similar ($$xi approx 10$$ ${AA}$). These results suggest that superconductivity in iron arsenides may have a common magnetic origin under similar magnetic exchange couplings with a dual nature from local moments and itinerant electrons, despite their different magnetic patterns and lattice symmetries.



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Category:Physics, Condensed Matter



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