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Report No.

The Performance of neutron diffractometers at long and short pulse spallation sources; Comparison between ESS and J-PARC

Arai, Masatoshi*; Andersen, K. H.*; Argyriou, D. N.*; Schweika, W.*; Zanini, L.*; Harjo, S.   ; Kamiyama, Takashi*; Harada, Masahide   

The general performance of diffractometers at the first long pulse spallation source ESS, is compared with their counterparts at J-PARC, a short pulse spallation source. The difference in the inherent pulse structure of these neutron sources presents opportunities for new concepts for instrumentation, where performance does not scale simply with source power. The article describes advantages and disadvantages of those diffractometers, adapting to the very different source characteristics. We find that the two sources offer comparable performance in flux and resolution when operating in high-resolution mode. ESS offers significant advantages in tunability and flexibility, notably in the ability to relax resolution in order to increase flux for a given experiment. On the other hand, J-PARC instruments perform very well in spite of the lower source power and allow better access to epithermal neutrons, of particular interest for PDF analysis of diffraction data.



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