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Report No.

Investigation on natural circulation behavior for decay heat removal in reactor vessel of sodium-cooled fast reactor under severe accident condition, 2; Transient behavior under operations of multiple decay heat removal systems

Aizawa, Kosuke ; Tsuji, Mitsuyo ; Kobayashi, Jun ; Kurihara, Akikazu 

In sodium-cooled fast reactors (SFRs), optimizing the design and operate decay heat removal systems (DHRSs) is important for safety enhancement against severe accidents. Thus, it is required to evaluate the cooling capability of DHRSs including the natural circulation behavior inside the reactor vessel during heat-removal phase that the fuel debris relocated in the reactor vessel is cooled by DHRSs. In this study, the experiments which simultaneously operations of the dipped-type DHX and the penetrated-type DHX were conducted to investigate the effect of operating multiple decay heat removal system on the natural circulation behavior in the reactor vessel. After achieving the stable conditions by operating the dipped-type DHX or the penetrated-type DHX, the other DHX was operated and the transient behavior was clarified by the temperature measurements. The clear temperature rise in the reactor vessel was confirmed by operating the penetrated-type DHX as second DHX operation under the condition of the dipped-type DHX operation at the beginning and the high heater power of fuel debris on the core catcher. Therefore, it was confirmed that the inhibition of the cooling for the decay heat occurred by operating multiple DHXs.



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