Optical selection rules of the magnetic excitation in the = one-dimensional Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCoVO
木村 尚次郎*; 大西 弘明 ; 奥谷 顕*; 赤木 暢*; 鳴海 康雄*; 萩原 政幸*; 奥西 巧一*; 金道 浩一*; He, Z.*; 谷山 智康*; 伊藤 満*
Kimura, Shojiro*; Onishi, Hiroaki; Okutani, Akira*; Akaki, Mitsuru*; Narumi, Yasuo*; Hagiwara, Masayuki*; Okunishi, Koichi*; Kindo, Koichi*; He, Z.*; Taniyama, Tomoyasu*; Ito, Mitsuru*
In this study, we clarify the selection rules of optical transitions from the ground state to the magnetic excited states in the quasi-one-dimensional quantum Ising-like antiferromagnet BaCoVO with spin = using the high-field electron spin resonance measurement with illuminating polarized electromagnetic waves. We demonstrate that the unconventional magnetic excitation via the pair creation of quasipaticles at wave numbers and in the field-induced quantum critical state can couple with both oscillating magnetic and electric fields. Our density matrix renormalization group calculations indicate that the observed selection rules can be explained by two- and four-fold periodical spin interactions, originating from the screw chain structure in BaCoVO, in addition to the magnetoelectric coupling between spins and electric dipoles.