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Report No.

Interfacial ferromagnetism and atomic structures in high-temperature grown Fe$$_3$$O$$_4$$/Pt/Fe$$_3$$O$$_4$$ epitaxial trilayers

Kikkawa, Takashi*; Suzuki, Motohiro*; Ramos, R.*; Aguirre, M. H.*; Okabayashi, Jun*; Uchida, Kenichi*; Lucas, I.*; Anad$'o$n, A.*; Kikuchi, Daisuke*; Algarabel, P. A.*; Morell$'o$n, L.*; Ibarra, M. R.*; Saito, Eiji

Induced Pt ferromagnetism in Fe$$_3$$O$$_4$$/Pt/Fe$$_3$$O$$_4$$ epitaxial trilayer films has been investigated by means of X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the Pt $$L_{3,2}$$-edges at various temperatures from 300 K to 12 K, including the metal-insulator transition temperature of Fe$$_3$$O$$_4$$ ($$T_mathrm{V}sim 114$$ K). At all the temperatures, we observed clear XMCD signals due to Pt ferromagnetism, the amplitude of which was determined to be 0.39 $$mu_mathrm{B}$$ at 300K and 0.52 $$mu_mathrm{B}$$ at 12 K for the sample with the Pt thickness of $$sim 2$$ nm. Interestingly, these values are comparable to or even greater than those in Pt/3$$d$$-ferromagnetic-metal (Fe, Ni, Co, and Ni$$_{81}$$Fe$$_{19}$$) junction systems. The results can be interpreted in terms of a possible Fe interdiffusion into the Pt layer and also possible Fe-Pt alloying due to its high-temperature deposition.



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Category:Physics, Applied



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