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A Bag model of matter condensed by the strong interaction

Miao, Z.-Q.*; Xia, C.-J.*; Lai, X.-Y.*; Maruyama, Toshiki  ; Xu, R.-X.*; Zhou, E.-P.*

It is suggested that pulsar-like compact stars are comprised entirely of strangeons (quark-clusters with three-light-flavor symmetry) and a small amount of electrons. To constrain the properties of strangeon stars, we propose a linked bag model to describe matter with the strong interaction in both 2-flavored (nucleons) and 3-flavored (hyperons, strangeons, etc.) scenarios. The parameters are calibrated to reproduce the saturation properties of nuclear matter. The energy per baryon of strangeon matter is smaller than that of baryon matter if the strangeon carries a large number of valence quarks, which stiffens the equation of state and consequently increases the maximum mass of strangeon stars. The maximum mass and tidal deformability of strangeon stars within the present model are consistent with the observation, i.e. the maximum mass of strangeon stars can be $$sim$$2.5 solar mass, and the tidal deformability of a 1.4 solar mass star can be $$180lesssimLambdalesssim340$$.



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Category:Physics, Nuclear



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