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Report No.

Measurements of capture cross-section of $$^{93}$$Nb by activation method and half-life of $$^{94}$$Nb by mass analysis

Nakamura, Shoji  ; Shibahara, Yuji*; Endo, Shunsuke   ; Kimura, Atsushi   

The thermal-neutron capture cross section ($$sigma$$$$_{0}$$) and resonance integral (I$$_{0}$$) for $$^{93}$$Nb among nuclides for decommissioning were measured by an activation method and the half-life of $$^{94}$$Nb by mass analysis. Niobium-93 samples were irradiated with a hydraulic conveyer installed in the research reactor in Institute for Integral Radiation and Nuclear Science, Kyoto University. Gold-aluminum, cobalt-aluminum alloy wires were used to monitor thermal-neutron fluxes and epi-thermal Westcott's indexes at an irradiation position. A 25-$$mu$$m-thick gadolinium foil was used to sort out reactions ascribe to thermal-and epi-thermal neutrons. Its thickness provided a cut-off energy of 0.133 eV. In order to attenuate radioactivity of $$^{182}$$Ta due to impurities, the Nb samples were cooled for nearly 2 years. The induced radio activity in the monitors and Nb samples were measured by $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. In analysis based on Westcott's convention, the $$sigma$$$$_{0}$$ and I$$_{0}$$ values were derived as 1.11$$pm$$0.04 barn and 10.5$$pm$$0.6 barn, respectively. After the $$gamma$$-ray measurements, mass analysis was applied to the Nb sample to obtain the reaction rate. By combining data obtained by both $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy and mass analysis, the half-life of $$^{94}$$Nb was derived as (2.00$$pm$$0.15)$$times$$10$$^{4}$$ years.



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Category:Nuclear Science & Technology



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