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Layer-number-independent two-dimensional ferromagnetism in Cr$$_3$$Te$$_4$$

Wang, Y.*; Kajihara, Shun*; Matsuoka, Hideki*; Saika, B. K.*; Yamagami, Kohei*; Takeda, Yukiharu   ; Wadachi, Hiroki*; Ishizaka, Kyoko*; Iwasa, Yoshihiro*; Nakano, Masaki*

In a conventional magnetic material, a long-range magnetic order develops in three dimensions, and reducing a layer number weakens its magnetism. Here we demonstrate anomalous layer-number-independent ferromagnetism down to the two-dimensional (2D) limit in a metastable phase of Cr$$_3$$Te$$_4$$. We fabricated Cr$$_3$$Te$$_4$$ thin films by molecular-beam epitaxy and found that Cr$$_3$$Te$$_4$$ could host two distinct ferromagnetic phases characterized with different Curie temperatures ($$T_mathrm{C}$$). One is the bulk-like high-$$T_mathrm{C}$$ phase showing room-temperature ferromagnetism, which is consistent with previous studies. The other is the metastable low-$$T_mathrm{C}$$ phase with $$T_mathrm{C}$$ $${approx}$$ 160 K, which exhibits a layer-number-independent $$T_mathrm{C}$$ down to the 2D limit in marked contrast with the conventional high-$$T_mathrm{C}$$ phase, demonstrating a purely 2D nature of its ferromagnetism. Such significant differences between two distinct phases could be attributed to a small variation in the doping level, making this material attractive for future ultracompact spintronics applications with potential gate-tunable room-temperature 2D ferromagnetism.



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Category:Chemistry, Multidisciplinary



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