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Report No.

Element-specific insight into ferromagnetic stability in UCoGe revealed by soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

Takeda, Yukiharu   ; Posp$'i$$v{s}$il, J.*; Yamagami, Hiroshi; Yamamoto, Etsuji  ; Haga, Yoshinori   

We investigated the element-specific electronic states and magnetic properties of ferromagnetic superconductor UCoGe and Ru-substituted U(Co$$_{0.88}$$Ru$$_{0.12}$$)Ge using soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments. YCoGe, a nonmagnetic compound without the 5$$f$$ electrons, was also examined as a reference material. The shapes of the XMCD spectra of UCoGe at the U $$N_mathrm{5}$$ and Ge $$L_mathrm{2,3}$$ edges are indistinguishably similar to those of U(Co$$_{0.88}$$Ru$$_{0.12}$$)Ge. On the other hand, the XMCD spectral shape at the Co $$L_mathrm{2}$$ edge is very peculiar and is changed by the existence of the U 5$$f$$ electrons and the Ru substitution. From the sum rule analysis for the XMCD spectra, it was found that the magnetic moments of the U 5$$f$$ and Co 3$$d$$ electrons in UCoGe and U(Co$$_{0.88}$$Ru$$_{0.12}$$)Ge are aligned in the same direction under the present experimental conditions; $$T$$ = 5.5 - 50 K and $$mu_mathrm{0}H$$ = 0 - 10 T. Furthermore, even in the case of YCoGe, the Co 3$$d$$ electrons have a large orbital magnetic moment, suggesting that the Co 3$$d$$ electrons in these compounds are in a low symmetric electronic environment originally. Through the $$T$$- and $$mu_mathrm{0}H$$-dependence of the XMCD intensity, it was revealed that the magnetic properties at the Co site are not simply induced by the magnetism at the U site and that the Co 3$$d$$ electrons play an important role in the stability of ferromagnetism.



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