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Parameter optimization for urban wind simulation using ensemble Kalman filter

Onodera, Naoyuki   ; Idomura, Yasuhiro   ; Hasegawa, Yuta   ; Asahi, Yuichi   ; Inagaki, Atsushi*; Shimose, Kenichi*; Hirano, Kohin*

We have developed a multi-scale wind simulation code named CityLBM that can resolve entire cities to detailed streets. CityLBM enables a real time ensemble simulation for several km square area by applying the locally mesh-refined lattice Boltzmann method on GPU supercomputers. On the other hand, real-world wind simulations contain complex boundary conditions that cannot be modeled, so data assimilation techniques are needed to reflect observed data in the simulation. This study proposes an optimization method for ground surface temperature bias based on an ensemble Kalman filter to reproduce wind conditions within urban city blocks. As a verification of CityLBM, an Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) is conducted for the central Tokyo area to estimate boundary conditions from observed near-surface temperature values.



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