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論文

Synthesis and characteristics of ternary Be-Ti-V beryllide pebbles as advanced neutron multipliers

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Fusion Engineering and Design, 109-111(Part.B), p.1764 - 1768, 2016/11

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:31.55(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Beryllium intermetallic compounds (beryllides) are the most promising advanced neutron multipliers in demonstration fusion power reactors. Advanced neutron multipliers are being developed by Japan and the EU as part of their BA activities. Beryllides are too brittle to fabricate into pebble- or rod-like shapes using conventional methods such as arc melting and hot isostatic pressing. To overcome this issue, we developed a new combined plasma sintering and rotating electrode method for the fabrication of beryllide rods and pebbles. By using these methods, preliminary synthesis of the ternary beryllide pebbles with different chemical compositions, Be$$_{12}$$Ti$$_{1-x}$$V$$_{x}$$ (x=0.0-1.0) was successful. Scanning electron microscopic observation revealed that grain size on the surface decreased while area fraction of Be phase on cross-section decreased as V amount increased. These decreases may be contributed by the fact that the chemical composition of the pebble was closely varied to single-phase Be$$_{12}$$V with no peritectic reaction as V amount increased while Be, Be$$_{12}$$Ti and Be$$_{17}$$Ti$$_{2}$$ phases were formed with large grain due to peritecic reaction in the Be$$_{12}$$Ti. This feature influenced to variation of reactivity with 1% water vapor at high temperature. It was concluded that weight gain as well as H$$_{2}$$ generation decreased due to decreases of grain size as well as Be phase on the surface as V amount increased in Be$$_{12}$$Ti$$_{1-x}$$V$$_{x}$$.

報告書

Proceeding of the 12th International Workshop on Beryllium Technology (BeWS-12)

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

JAEA-Review 2015-044, 260 Pages, 2016/03

JAEA-Review-2015-044.pdf:121.42MB

第12回ベリリウム技術に関する国際会議(The 12th International Workshop on Beryllium Technology (BeWS-12))は、平成27年9月10日(木)及び11日(金)の2日間に渡り、韓国済州島の済州国際コンベンションセンター(ICCJEJU)にて開催された。本国際会議は、1993年から2年毎に開催されており、今回で12回目となる。本国際会議では、世界におけるベリリウム関連材料(ベリリウム金属及びその合金、金属間化合物など)と核融合炉工学研究開発に携わる研究者及び技術者が一同に会し、最新研究成果報告、討論及び情報交換を行うものであり、本テーマにおける研究活動の一層の活性化を図ることを目的としている。本報告書は、当該会議における論文及び発表資料を取りまとめたものである。

論文

Reactivity of plasma-sintered beryllium in dry air and moisture at high temperature

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Fusion Engineering and Design, 100, p.614 - 618, 2015/11

 パーセンタイル:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Beryllium metal is a candidate material of not only neutron-multiplier for fusion reactors but also a water-cooled target material for an accelerator-based boron neutron capture therapy. To investigate its reactivity in dry air and 1% H$$_{2}$$O/Ar at 873, 1073, and 1273 K, Be samples were fabricated by a novel plasma-sintering method proposed herein. Because of its reactivity in dry atmosphere, parabolic oxidation of Be along grain boundaries was predominant up to 1173 K at an activation energy of 52 kJ/mol, while catastrophic oxidation occurred at 1273 K. The introduction of H$$_{2}$$O facilitated breakaway in Be oxidation. Hence, the weight and H$$_{2}$$ concentration of Be tested in 1% H$$_{2}$$O/Ar dramatically increased from 973 K, while samples tested for 24 h were completely oxidized in appearance.

論文

Fabrication and hydrogen generation reaction with water vapor of prototypic pebbles of binary beryllides as advanced neutron multiplier

中道 勝; 金 宰煥

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1838 - 1842, 2015/10

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:10.49(Nuclear Science & Technology)

原型炉ブランケットにおいては、高温下でより安定な先進中性子増倍材が必要である。ベリリウム金属間化合物(ベリライド)は、その候補の一つである。原料電極棒の製造のためのプラズマ焼結法と、造粒法として回転電極法を組み合わせることによって、ベリライド微小球製造に成功した。本研究では、Ti系ベリライド微小球のみならず、V系ベリライド微小球の製造技術開発の現状について報告するとともに、これらベリライド微小球の水素生成反応について報告する。

論文

Effect of titanium content on mechanical properties and reactivity of titanium beryllide pebbles

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Fusion Engineering and Design, 98-99, p.1812 - 1816, 2015/10

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:53.75(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Titanium beryllium intermetallic compounds, beryllides, have been investigated as a candidate of advanced neutron multipliers in a fusion demonstration reactor. To investigate effect of Be contents in titanium beryllide pebbles on the crush strength and oxidation resistance, the beryllide pebbles with 3 to 10.5 at.% Ti were fabricated. As a result of SEM observation, it was clear that Be phase on the surface identified in Be-3 and 5 at.% Ti while no Be phase found in Be-7 to 10.5 at.% Ti. According to cross-sectional images, moreover, area fraction of Be phase decreased with decrease of Be content in 3 to 9 at.% Ti beryllide pebbles whereas the pebble with 10.5 at.% Ti was mainly consisted of Be$$_{17}$$Ti$$_{2}$$ phase. It was confirmed from crushed tests of the pebbles that ductility increases as increased of Be contents in the pebbles since the existence of Be phase leads to ductile fracture. On the other hand, Be phase on the surface of the pebbles with Be-3 and 5 at.% Ti resulted in increase of the weight gain due to oxidation while other pebbles indicated similar values because the surface of pebbles with 7 to 10.5 at.% Ti consisted of either Be$$_{12}$$Ti or Be$$_{17}$$Ti$$_{2}$$. Accordingly, this existence of Be phase in the pebble leads to increase of ductility while it results in decrease of oxidation resistance on the surface at 1273 K.

論文

Synthesis of Be-Ti-V ternary beryllium intermetallic compounds

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 640, p.285 - 289, 2015/08

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:86.18(Chemistry, Physical)

Beryllium intermetallic compounds (beryllides) such as Be$$_{12}$$Ti and Be$$_{12}$$V are the most promising advanced neutron multipliers in demonstration power reactors. We developed a new combined plasma sintering and rotating electrode method for the fabrication of beryllide rods and pebbles. Previously, we prepared a beryllide pebble with a Be-7.7 at.% Ti composition as the stoichiometric value of the Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase; however, Be$$_{17}$$Ti$$_{2}$$ and Be phases were present along with the Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase that formed as the result of a peritectic reaction due to re-melting during granulation using the rotating electrode method. This Be phase was found to be highly reactive with oxygen and water vapor. Accordingly, to investigate the Be phase reduction and applicability for fabrication of electrodes prior to granulation using the rotating electrode method, Be-Ti-V ternary beryllides were synthesized using the plasma sintering method. Surface observation results indicated that increasing plasma sintering time and V addition led to an increase in the intermetallic compound phases compared with plasma-sintered beryllide with a Be-7.7 at.% Ti composition. Additionally, evaluation of the reactivity of samples with water vapor at high temperature revealed that specimens with larger fractions of Be phases experienced larger weight gains and H$$_{2}$$ generation rates because of oxidation, as Be$$_{12}$$Ti and Be$$_{12}$$V phases have a similar oxidation tendency.

論文

Comparative study of sinterability and thermal stability in plasma-sintered niobium and vanadium beryllides

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 638, p.277 - 281, 2015/07

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:86.18(Chemistry, Physical)

Niobium and vanadium-beryllium intermetallic compounds (beryllides) were synthesized by plasma sintering under different sintering times at 1273 K. The beryllide with 7.7 at.% Nb mainly consisted of various phases of Be, Be$$_{12}$$Nb, Be$$_{17}$$Nb$$_{2}$$, and Be$$_{2}$$Nb, whereas that with 7.7 at.% V consisted of Be$$_{12}$$V, Be$$_{2}$$V, and V. As the sintering time increased, area fractions of the target compositions Be$$_{12}$$Nb and Be$$_{12}$$V increased while that of Be decreased. A comparative analysis demonstrated that the beryllide with 7.7 at.% Nb a showed higher density as well as a greater hardness than that with 7.7 at.% V, due to there being less difference between the sintering temperature and the melting point. In terms of thermal phase stability, the beryllide with 7.7 at.% Nb showed good thermal phase stability with fewer pores and a smaller unhomogenized area, because the beryllide contained a smaller area fraction of the Be phase, which may cause evaporation resulting in pore formation.

論文

Reactivity of plasma-sintered beryllium-titanium intermetallic compounds with water vapor

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 455(1-3), p.26 - 30, 2014/12

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:25.95(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The establishment of the synthesis technique for beryllides is a key issue of the advanced neutron multiplier development. In the previous study, trial fabrication examinations were carried out. Plasma sintering is a non-conventional consolidation process for beryllides synthesis. The synthesis results clarified that the beryllide has been successfully fabricated by this method. In this study, the effect of phase compositions on high temperature reactivity of the plasma-sintered beryllides was evaluated. The beryllides sintered for various times, which they have different phase compositions, were examined by thermal-gravimetry and hydrogen gas generation rate was simultaneously measured at 873 K, 1073 K and 1273 K for 24 hr under Ar gas containing water vapor to investigate the effect of phase compositions on the reactivity with water vapor. The result of weight gains clarified that with increase of the area fraction of Be, oxidation resistance decreases under dry air. H$$_{2}$$ gas generation rates of the beryllides at high temperature demonstrate that the larger fraction of Be the beryllide has, the higher H$$_{2}$$ generation rate it indicates. It is clear that the Be phase in the plasma-sintered beryllide attributes to increase of the H$$_{2}$$ gas generation. In this study, we report on the effect of phase compositions on reactivity with water vapor of the plasma-sintered beryllides which were fabricated with different sintering conditions.

論文

R&D status on water cooled ceramic breeder blanket technology

榎枝 幹男; 谷川 尚; 廣瀬 貴規; 中島 基樹; 佐藤 聡; 落合 謙太郎; 今野 力; 河村 繕範; 林 巧; 山西 敏彦; et al.

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1131 - 1136, 2014/10

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:9.29(Nuclear Science & Technology)

我が国の原型炉ブランケット開発の最重要ステップとして、水冷却固体増殖テストブランケット・モジュール(TBM)の開発が進められている。TBM試験と原型炉ブランケット開発のために、モジュール製作技術開発、増殖増倍材ペブル製作技術、トリチウム生成率評価試験と構造設計が行われている。実機構造材F82Hを用いた製作技術開発は、F82Hの工学物性値の評価結果に基づいて実施され、実規模のモジュールの第一壁,側壁,増殖材充填容器、の製作に成功するとともに、第一壁と側壁の接合、厚さ90mmの後壁の実規模モックアップの製作に成功した。モジュール筐体モックアップの製作を検討している。また、トリチウム生産のために必要な技術として、高温での耐久性に優れた先進増殖・増倍材ペブル製作技術の開発を進めた。また、核融合中性子研究施設(FNS)を用いたトリチウム生成回収試験による、トリチウム生産技術開発についても進展した。本報告ではこれらのTBM開発の最新の成果を報告する。

論文

Fabrication of beryllide pebble as advanced neutron multiplier

中道 勝; 金 宰煥

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1304 - 1308, 2014/10

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:12.31(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Beryllides are one of the most promising candidates as advanced materials. We suggested a new beryllide granulation process, which was combinational process with a plasma sintering method and a rotating electrode method (REM). The prototype pebbles were successfully fabricated by the REM using the plasma-sintered beryllide electrode. The beryllide electrode fabrication process was investigated in light of the mass production. From the optimization results, it was revealed that beryllide pebbles with the identical phase composition could be fabricated regardless of the difference of the phase compositions in the beryllide electrodes sintered for different temperature and time. Furthermore, the optimization result could lead to expectation of the time reduction because this result can reduce the time of electrode fabrication by 40%.

論文

Effect of plasma-sintering consolidation on the reactivity of beryllium

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Fusion Engineering and Design, 89(7-8), p.1440 - 1443, 2014/10

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:36.56(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Beryllide is a promising candidate as advanced neutron multiplier owing to higher stability and lower reactivity at high temperature. It was clarified in the previous studies on synthesis of beryllide that plasma sintering as non-conventional consolidation process could easily and rapidly synthesize the beryllide. In this study, to evaluate the effect of the plasma sintering consolidation of the material on fundamental property, the reactivity with oxygen at high temperature was examined using beryllium metals. The plasma-sintered beryllium was prepared for comparison of commercial grades of berylliums, that is, S65C and S65E, because it is well-known that the plasma sintering can facilitate to not only eliminate impurities but activate the powder surface due to applying a pulse current. The weight gain and optical surface observation result obviously clarified that the Be-PS and S65E exhibited the higher oxidation resistance than S65C which has larger grain size. Accordingly, it was obvious that the smaller grain size the beryllium has, the better oxidation resistance it has. In addition, the electron probe micro-analysis clearly proved that impurity was apt to be intensively located near grain boundary as an oxide type and the Be-PS contained less impurity than others. Therefore not only grain size but also impurity seems to have a close correlation on reactivity at the high temperature.

論文

Effect of grain size on the hardness and reactivity of plasma-sintered beryllium

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 453(1-3), p.22 - 26, 2014/10

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:30.82(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Beryllium and its intermetallic compounds have attracted great attention as promising neutron multipliers in fusion reactors. In this study, mechanical and chemical properties of fabricated plasma-sintered beryllium (PS-Be) with different grain-sizes are investigated. Density and hardness analysis results of the fabricated PS-Be samples infer that a smaller grain size in the sintered Be indicates higher porosity and hardness. Sintered Be with a large grain size exhibits better resistance toward oxidation at 1273 Kin dry air and at 1073 K in Ar/1% H$$_{2}$$O, since oxidation at the grain boundaries of the determines the rate. In contrast, at 1273 K in Ar/1% H$$_{2}$$O, a catastrophic oxidation is indicated by the increase of weight of the samples and the generation of H$$_{2}$$ from the bulk Be.

論文

Development of advanced neutron multipliers for DEMO blankets

中道 勝; 金 宰煥

Fusion Science and Technology, 66, p.157 - 162, 2014/08

 パーセンタイル:100(Nuclear Science & Technology)

Advanced neutron multipliers and tritium breeders with higher stability at high temperature are desired. Beryllide is one of candidates for the advanced neutron multipliers. To fabricate the beryllide pebbles, a rotating electrode method (REM) was selected. Beryllide electrode fro the REM is necessary. Beryllide electrode has been successfully fabricated by the plasma sintering method. The prototypic beryllide pebbles were successfully fabricated by the REM using this plasma-sintered beryllide electrode. As a advanced tritium breeder, Li$$_{2}$$TiO$$_{3}$$ with excess Li (Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$) is one of the candidates. For raw material fabarication, synthesis process of Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$ powder has been developed by the solid phase reaction. From the granulation result by the emulsion method using this raw material, the prototypic pebbles of the Li$$_{2+x}$$TiO$$_{3+y}$$ with less than 5$$mu$$m in grain size and high sphericity, were successfully fabricated.

論文

Preliminary synthesis and mechanical property of titanium beryllide pebbles with different chemical compositions

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 585, p.63 - 68, 2014/02

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:33.23(Chemistry, Physical)

Beryllide is well-known as the most promising candidate for advanced multipliers in demonstration fusion reactors. However, due to its brittleness, it is difficult to fabricate a pebble-type beryllide. Here, we report the synthesis and analysis of beryllide pebbles with different chemical compositions. In order to clarify the effect of the content of Ti on the fabrication of beryllide pebbles, a rotating electrode method was applied using a plasma-sintered beryllide rod jointed by two beryllide blocks and powder. The beryllide pebbles were successfully fabricated accompanied by phase changes induced by re-melting during the rotating electrode method. The SEM images of the rods and the cross-section of the pebbles demonstrated that the phases of the plasma-sintered beryllide rods with 6 at.%, 7 at.%, and 7.7 at.% Ti were transformed to the peritectic Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase with a Be$$_{17}$$Ti$$_{2}$$ phase due to re-melting whereas pebbles with 3 at.% and 5 at.% Ti showed similar phases as the plasma-sintered beryllide rods. Additionally, the dependence of the Ti amount on crush load depicted that the pebbles with the larger area fraction of Be indicated the higher crush load as well as longer displacement because the Be contributed to increase of ductility in the pebbles.

論文

Optimization of synthesis conditions for plasma-sintered beryllium-titanium intermetallic compounds

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 577, p.90 - 96, 2013/11

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:74.89(Chemistry, Physical)

Plasma sintering method has been newly suggested as a synthesis method for beryllium titanium intermetallic compounds (beryllides) as an advanced neutron multiplier in a system of water cooled solid breeder demonstration fusion reactors. Not only synthesis of the beryllide but joining the beryllide could be successfully fabricated. We report on the optimization of the main sintering conditions, on the sinterabilityof the plasma-sintered beryllides in the light of sinterability, as well as consolidation to the Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase. The optimum sintering temperature for consolidation to the Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase was 1273 K and the area fraction of the Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase obtained when sintering at 1273 K, was approximately 83%. To increase the fraction of the Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase, increasing the sintering time was inevitable and this led to an increase in the Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase corresponding to 97.5%. However, as the sintering time increased, variation in grain size of the beryllides was observed. With regard to the sintering pressure, the higher the sintering pressure applied, the higher the sinterability, even though lower pressure may lead to better consolidation with respect to the absence of the Be$$_{2}$$Ti phase.

論文

Preliminary characterization of plasma-sintered beryllides as advanced neutron multipliers

中道 勝; 金 宰煥; 宗像 健三*; 柴山 環樹*; 宮本 光貴*

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442(1-3), p.S465 - S471, 2013/11

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:46.51(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Advanced neutron multipliers with low swelling and high stability at high temperature are desired for pebble bed blankets. Beryllium intermetallic compounds (beryllides) are the most promising advanced neutron multipliers. Development of advanced neutron multiplier has been started between Japan and the EU in the DEMO R&D of the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) project as a part of the Broader Approach activities. The plasma sintering method has been selected as a new beryllides synthesis method. The plasma sintering results in starting powder particle surface activation that enhances sinterability and reduces high temperature exposure. The plasma sintering shows that the intermetallic compound beryllide such as Be$$_{12}$$Ti, Be$$_{17}$$Ti$$_{2}$$ and Be$$_{2}$$Ti can be directly synthesized from mixed elemental powders of Be and Ti at a temperature lower than the melting point. In this report, the preliminary characterization of plasma sintered Be-Ti beryllide was carried out such as reactivity with water vapor, microstructure analysis by ion irradiation effect and deuterium retention property compared with beryllium (Be) metal. From the result of the preliminary characterization, it revealed that plasma sintered Be-Ti beryllide sample has a good performance as a neutron multiplier. This beryllide sample has enough oxidation resistance, high radiation resistance and low deuterium retention property more than Be metal.

論文

The Effect of sintering time on synthesis of plasma sintered beryllides

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 442(1-3), p.S461 - S464, 2013/11

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:19.82(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Development of advanced neutron multiplier has been started between Japan and EU in the DEMO R&D of the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) project as a part of the Broader Approach activities. Plasma sintering method has been selected as a synthesis method for beryllides. The formation of Be$$_{12}$$Ti, Be$$_{17}$$Ti$$_{2}$$ and Be$$_{2}$$Ti intermetallics was identified in sintering at 1073-1273 K for 20 min under 50 MPa pressure, using starting mixed powder particles of Be and Ti. The elemental content of Be and Ti in the plasma sintered material decreased by consolidation enhancement with increasing sintering temperature, with only about 2% of the elemental phases remaining in 98% beryllides at 1273 K. This experiment shows that the intermetallic compound beryllides can be directly synthesized by the plasma sintering method at temperature which is lower than the melting point. Since beryllides as neutron multiplier are used at high temperature for a long time, it is considerably important to understand thermal properties of the beryllides. In this report, evaluation of thermal stability of plasma sintered Be-Ti beryllide was carried out.

論文

Novel granulation process of beryllide as advanced neutron multipliers

中道 勝; 金 宰煥; 米原 和男

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(6-8), p.611 - 615, 2013/10

 被引用回数:28 パーセンタイル:3.12(Nuclear Science & Technology)

核融合原型炉の早期実現を目指した幅広いアプローチ(BA)活動において、高温下の安定性に優れたベリリウム金属間化合物(ベリライド)の製造技術開発の一環として、ベリライドの微小球製造プロセスを新たに開発した。ベリライド合成手法としては、従来法である熱間等方加圧法や鋳造法などでは、均質な材料が得られず、工程も複雑であり、ベリライドの合成すら困難であった。今回は、ベリライド合成にプラズマ焼結法を適用することにより、簡便に脆くないベリライドを合成することに成功した。プラズマ焼結法は、原料粉末にパルス電流を負荷することによって材料表面を活性化(清浄)し、焼結性を向上させる手法であり、これにより表面酸化層などの不純物を除去でき、脆くない焼結体を形成できる手法である。そして、プラズマ焼結製のベリライドを用いて、回転電極法により目標形状である直径1mmの微小球製造にも成功した。

論文

Oxidation property and homogenization treatment of plasma sintered beryllides

金 宰煥; 中道 勝

Fusion Engineering and Design, 88(9-10), p.2215 - 2218, 2013/10

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:34.56(Nuclear Science & Technology)

As a part of the Broader Approach (BA) activities by means of the International Fusion Energy Research Centre (IFERC) project with Japan and EU, we have investigated the plasma sintering method for synthesis of beryllides which is considerably simple and easy to control, compared to conventional methods. Using this method with different conditions, beryllides were successfully synthesized. In order to evaluate the stability at high temperature, in this study, using the samples with different sintering time in connection with different phase distribution, oxidation property at high temperature of 1273 K was investigated. With increasing the sintering time on plasma sintering process, oxidation resistance increased. However, it was confirmed that degradations in mechanical property and chemical stability at high temperature were induced by existence of Be$$_{2}$$Ti phase. Accordingly, we have investigated the effect of annealing treatment on phase stability. As temperature increased at 1473 K, it was confirmed that Be$$_{2}$$Ti phase which attributed to degradations as well as Be phase were eliminated but others did not show any variation while there was no variation of phase for the treatment at 1273 K for 1 hr. However, annealing treatment at 1673 K for 1 hr resulted in homogenizing to only Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase. From this result, by controlling the annealing time after synthesis of beryllide, Be$$_{12}$$Ti phase which is compositional target could be homogenized.

論文

Homogenization treatment to stabilize the compositional structure of beryllide pebbles

中道 勝; 金 宰煥

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 440(1-3), p.530 - 533, 2013/09

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:8.27(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

核融合原型炉の研究開発における高温下の安定性に優れたベリリウム金属間化合物(ベリライド)の製造技術開発の一環として、先進中性子増倍材の候補であるベリライドの微小球製造開発をBA活動を中心に行っている。ベリライド合成手法としてプラズマ焼結法の適用を発案した。プラズマ焼結法は、原料粉末にパルス電流を負荷することによって材料表面を活性化(清浄)し、焼結性を向上させる手法であり、これにより表面酸化層などの不純物を除去でき、脆くない焼結体を形成できる手法である。そして、プラズマ焼結製のベリライドを用いて、回転電極法により目標形状である直径1mmの微小球製造にも成功した。しかしながら、回転電極法による再溶融されたベリライドは、目標組成のBe$$_{12}$$Ti以外に、BeやBe$$_{17}$$Ti$$_{2}$$の相が形成されていた。そこで、1273K以上で焼成することによって、Be$$_{12}$$Tiに単相化できることを明らかにした。

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