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論文

A $$Sigma p$$ scattering experiment at J-PARC and the analysis status

中田 祥之*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平*; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 七村 拓野*; 成木 恵*; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023024_1 - 023024_5, 2019/11

J-PARC E40 aims to measure the differential cross sections of the $$Sigma^{pm}p$$ elastic scatterings and the $$Sigma^-p to Lambda n$$ conversion. A clear peak of $$Sigma^-$$ was observed in a missing mass spectrum of the $$pi^-pto K^+X$$ reaction and recoil protons from the $$pi p$$ elastic scattering were successfully observed in the data taken in the summer 2018. The rest of data taking is coming in the spring 2019.

論文

First $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of an $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F

Yang, S. B.*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平*; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 田村 裕和*; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023015_1 - 023015_5, 2019/11

We performed a gamma-ray spectroscopy of $$({}_{Lambda}^{19}{rm F})$$ at J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility in 2015. It is the first measurement of $$gamma$$ rays emitted from $$sd$$-shell hypernuclei. In this experiment, we determined the energy spacing between the ground state spin doublet, $$3/2^+$$ and $$1/2^+$$ states, as 316 keV. The excitation energies of $$5/2^+$$ and $$1/2^+$$ states are also determined to be 895 and 1266 keV, respectively. The energy spacing is found to be well reproduced by shell-model calculations which describe $$s$$- and $$p$$-shell $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei well. The results show that the present theories of the $$Lambda N$$ interaction describe not only the light hypernuclei but also a heavier hypernucleus.

論文

Study of $$Y^*$$ in nuclei through C$$(K^-, pi^+)X$$ spectrum at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ in the J-PARC E05 experiment

本多 良太郎*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 市川 裕大; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023014_1 - 023014_4, 2019/11

We measured the $$(K^-,pi^+)$$ reaction spectra at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ for the graphite and the polyethylene targets in the J-PARC E05 pilot experiment. By comparing the spectra for these two targets, it was found that $$Sigma^{*-}(1385)$$ in the $$^{11}$$B nucleus is quite broadened. Furthermore, we also compared broadness of $$Sigma^{*-}(1385)$$ with $$K^*(892)$$ obtained in the $$(K^-,p)$$ spectrum. $$Sigma^{*-}(1385)$$ seems to be much more broadened in nuclei than $$K^*(892)$$. We gave a possible interpretation, which is related to compositeness of decuplet baryons, for this situation.

論文

Search for excited state of $$_{Sigma }^{4}{rm He}$$ hypernucleus in the J-PARC E13 experiment

中川 真菜美*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 田村 裕和; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 26, p.023005_1 - 023005_3, 2019/11

The $$Sigma N$$ interaction is not much studied than the $$Lambda N$$ interaction. To understand the $$Sigma N$$ interaction, we study $$Sigma$$ hypernuclei. As for the $$Sigma$$ hypernucleus, only the ground state of $$_{Sigma }^{4}{rm He}$$ has been observed. To obtain more information about the $$Sigma N$$ interaction, the excited state should be studied. Therefore, we measure the missing-mass of the $$^4$$He$$(K^-,pi^-)$$ reaction at $$p_{K^-} = 1.5$$ GeV/$$c$$ and $$theta_{rm Lab} =$$ 2-14$$^{circ}$$ at the J-PARC K1.8 beam line. The ground state of $$_{Sigma }^{4}{rm He}$$ is observed whereas a peak of the excited states is not observed. We also observe suppression of the $$Sigma$$ quasi-free process at smaller angles.

論文

Gamma-ray spectroscopy of single $$Lambda$$-hypernuclei at J-PARC; Results and perspective

小池 武志*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平*; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 田村 裕和; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 2130, p.020011_1 - 020011_9, 2019/07

Experimental results from the J-PARC E13 experiments are summarized. A new experimental set up of E13 has established a platform for the future $$gamma$$-ray hypernuclear spectroscopy at J-PARC using kaon beams. New $$gamma$$ rays are identified in $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F. The energy of 1.406 MeV for the $$^4_{Lambda}$$He$$(1^+ to 0^+)$$ transition confirmed a sizable effect of Charge Symmetry Breaking (CSB) in $$Lambda N$$ interaction in the $$A=4$$ hypernuclear system. The identification of four $$gamma$$ rays in $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F is made for the first time in $$sd$$ shell hypernuclei. Especially, energy spacing of the ground state doublet is found to be 315.5 keV. A good agreement with two theoretical calculations suggests that the theoretical formalism used in $$p$$ shell hypernuclei is also applicable to heavier hypernuclei. Lastly, an overview of the future J-PARC E63 experiment is given.

論文

Observation of a $$Xi$$ bound state in the $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-, K^+)$$ reaction at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$

永江 知文*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二; 七村 拓野*; 成木 恵; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 2130, p.020015_1 - 020015_9, 2019/07

For the full understanding of baryon-baryon interactions in flavor $$SU(3)$$, the $$Xi N$$ interaction is the last missing piece of information. So far, we have revealed the $$Lambda N$$ interaction to be attractive ($$U_{Lambda} cong 30$$ MeV), and $$Sigma N$$ interaction to be repulsive in the medium to heavy mass-number region. The $$Lambda Lambda$$ bonding energy is weakly attractive. While we have a few experimental observations suggesting the $$Xi N$$ interaction would be attractive, there still exist large theoretical ambiguities weather it is attractive or not. Experimental determinations on the existence of bound states of $$Xi$$ hypernuclei by observing bound-state peaks are strongly awaited. In this report, a new preliminary result on the missing-mass spectrum of a $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-, K^+)$$ reaction, which strongly suggests the existence of $$Xi$$-hypernuclear bound states, is presented.

論文

Observation of a Be double-Lambda hypernucleus in the J-PARC E07 experiment

江川 弘行; 足利 沙希子; 長谷川 勝一; 橋本 直; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二*; 七村 拓野; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.021D02_1 - 021D02_11, 2019/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A double-$$Lambda$$ hypernucleus, $${}_{LambdaLambda}mathrm{Be}$$, was observed by the J-PARC E07 collaborationin nuclear emulsions tagged by the $$(K^{-},K^{+})$$ reaction. This event was interpreted as a production and decay of $$ {}_{LambdaLambda}^{;10}mathrm{Be}$$,$${}_{LambdaLambda}^{;11}mathrm{Be}$$, or $${}_{LambdaLambda}^{;12}mathrm{Be}^{*}$$ via $$Xi^{-}$$ capture in $${}^{16}mathrm{O}$$.By assuming the capture in the atomic 3D state, the binding energy of two $$Lambda$$ hyperons$$,$$($$B_{LambdaLambda}$$)of these double-$$Lambda$$ hypernuclei are obtained to be$$15.05 pm 0.11,mathrm{MeV}$$, $$19.07 pm 0.11,mathrm{MeV}$$, and $$13.68 pm 0.11,mathrm{MeV}$$, respectively. Based on the kinematic fitting, $${}_{LambdaLambda}^{;11}mathrm{Be}$$ is the most likely explanation for the observed event.

論文

Observation of spin-dependent charge symmetry breaking in $$Lambda N$$ interaction; $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He

山本 剛史*; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二; 中田 祥之; 佐甲 博之; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 115(22), p.222501_1 - 222501_5, 2015/11

AA2015-0707.pdf:0.5MB

 被引用回数:32 パーセンタイル:9.86(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The energy spacing between the spin-doublet bound state of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He$$(1^+,0^+)$$ was determined to be $$1406 pm 2 pm 2$$ keV, by measuring $$gamma$$ rays for the $$1^+ to 0^+$$ transition with a high efficiency germanium detector array in coincidence with the $$^4{rm He}(K^-,pi^-)^4_{Lambda}$$He reaction at J-PARC. In comparison to the corresponding energy spacing in the mirror hypernucleus $$^4_{Lambda}$$H, the present result clearly indicates the existence of charge symmetry breaking (CSB) in $$Lambda N$$ interaction. By combining the energy spacings with the known ground-state binding energies, it is also found that the CSB effect is large in the $$0^+$$ ground state but is vanishingly small in the $$1^+$$ excited state, demonstrating that the $$Lambda N$$ CSB interaction has spin dependence.

論文

Study of $$Lambda N$$ interaction via the $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F (E13-1st)

山本 剛史*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021017_1 - 021017_6, 2015/09

A $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy experiment via the $$(K^-, pi^-)$$ reaction (J-PARC E13-1st) will be performed at the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility using a newly developed Ge detector array, Hyperball-J. Spin-dependent $$Lambda N$$ interactions will be studied through the precise measurement of the structure of hypernuclei, $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F. In May 2013, commissioning of whole detector system was carried out and calibration data were taken. In particular, production cross sections of $$Sigma^+$$ and $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C via the $$(K^-, pi^-)$$ reaction on the CH$$_2$$ target for $$p_K = 1.5$$ and 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ were obtained.

論文

Progress of divertor simulation research toward the realization of detached plasma using a large tandem mirror device

中嶋 洋輔*; 武田 寿人*; 市村 和也*; 細井 克洋*; 大木 健輔*; 坂本 瑞樹*; 平田 真史*; 市村 真*; 池添 竜也*; 今井 剛*; et al.

Journal of Nuclear Materials, 463, p.537 - 540, 2015/08

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:7.48(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

A divertor simulation experimental module (D-module) with a V-shaped divertor target is installed in the west end-sell in GAMMA 10 large tandem mirror device, and a hydrogen plasma irradiation experiment to the target have been started to investigate radiation cooling mechanism on the target. A gas injection system is installed in the D-module and Langmuir probe and calorie meter array are mounted on the target plate. During the plasma irradiation, the highest electron density of 2.4 $$times$$ 10$$^{18}$$ m$$^{-3}$$ and a significant reduction of the electron temperature from a few tens of eV to 2 eV are achieved on the target plate by hydrogen and noble gas injection into the D-module.

論文

Development of divertor simulation research in the GAMMA 10/PDX tandem mirror

中嶋 洋輔*; 坂本 瑞樹*; 吉川 正志*; 大木 健輔*; 武田 寿人*; 市村 和也*; 細井 克洋*; 平田 真史*; 市村 真*; 池添 竜也*; et al.

Proceedings of 25th IAEA Fusion Energy Conference (FEC 2014) (CD-ROM), 8 Pages, 2014/10

In the large tandem mirror device GAMMA 10/PDX, a divertor simulation experimental module (D-module) with a V-shaped divertor target have been installed in the end-mirror. A massive gas injection of hydrogen and noble gases (argon and xenon) into the D-module during hydrogen plasma irradiation onto the target was performed, and plasma detachment from the target was investigated. Electron temperature measured by Langmuir probe array on the target was significantly reduced from a few tens of eV to $$<$$ 3 eV, and particle flux was also reduced. A bright H$$alpha$$ emission in the upstream region of the D-module and strong reduction near the target were observed by a two-dimensional image of H$$alpha$$ emission in the target observed with a high-speed camera. Molecular activated recombination (MAR) process is expected to contribute to the reduction of the electron temperature and the particle flux.

論文

Development of a high power gyrotron operating at 28 and 35 GHz

假家 強*; 南 龍太郎*; 今井 剛*; 江口 濯*; 坂本 慶司; 満仲 義加*; 沼倉 友晴*; 遠藤 洋一*

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 8, p.1205107_1 - 1205107_2, 2013/10

An experimental and design study has been commenced for a dual-frequency gyrotron (28 and 35 GHz). The target output power at 28 GHz is 2 MW. For a modified 28 GHz 1 MW gyrotron, an output power of 1.25 MW and operation of 0.6 MW for 2 s have been achieved at 28 GHz. For the 35.45 GHz oscillation test, a cavity oscillation power of 1.2 MW and an efficiency of 33.9% have been confirmed by considering the calculated transmission efficiency of 72%. These results support the development of dual-frequency gyrotrons for lower frequency ranges.

論文

Development of multi-purpose MW gyrotrons for fusion devices

南 龍太郎*; 假家 強*; 今井 剛*; 沼倉 友晴*; 遠藤 洋一*; 中林 英隆*; 江口 濯*; 下妻 隆*; 久保 伸*; 吉村 泰夫*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 53(6), p.063003_1 - 063003_7, 2013/06

The latest development achievements in University of Tsukuba of over-1 MW power level gyrotrons required in the present-day fusion devices, GAMMA 10, LHD, QUEST, Heliotron J and NSTX are presented. The obtained maximum outputs are 1.9 MW for 0.1 s on the 77 GHz LHD tube and 1.2 MW for 1 ms on the 28 GHz GAMMA 10 one, which are new records in these frequency ranges. In long pulse operation, 0.3 MW for 40 min at 77 GHz and 0.54 MW for 2 s at 28 GHz were achieved. A new program of 154 GHz 1 MW development has started for high density plasma heating in LHD. On the first 154 GHz tube, 1.0 MW for 1 s was achieved. As a next activity of 28 GHz gyrotron, we have already carried out the development of over-1.5 MW gyrotron and design study of the 28 GHz cavity and mode converter has shown the possibility of 2 MW level output and CW operation with several hundred kW. Besides, a new design study of dual frequency gyrotron at 28 GHz and 35 GHz has been started, which indicates the practicability of the multi-purpose gyrotron.

論文

Development of multi-purpose MW gyrotrons for fusion devices

南 龍太郎*; 假家 強*; 今井 剛*; 沼倉 友晴*; 遠藤 洋一*; 中林 英隆*; 江口 濯*; 下妻 隆*; 久保 伸*; 吉村 泰夫*; et al.

Nuclear Fusion, 53(6), p.063003_1 - 063003_7, 2013/06

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:40.45(Physics, Fluids & Plasmas)

The latest development achievements in the University of Tsukuba of over-1 MW power level gyrotrons required in present-day fusion devices, GAMMA 10, Large Helical Device (LHD), QUEST, Heliotron J and NSTX, are presented. The obtained maximum outputs are 1.9 MW for 0.1 s on the 77 GHz LHD tube and 1.2 MW for 1ms on the 28 GHz GAMMA10 one, which are new records in these frequency ranges. In long-pulse operation, 0.3 MW for 40 min at 77 GHz and 0.54 MW for 2 s at 28 GHz are achieved. A new programme of 154 GHz 1 MW development has started for high-density plasma heating in LHD. On the first 154 GHz tube, 1.0 MW for 1 s is achieved. As a next activity of the 28 GHz gyrotron, an over-1.5 MW gyrotron is designed and fabricated to study the multi-MW oscillation. The possibility of 0.4 MW continuous wave and 2 MW level output in operations of a few seconds, after the improvements of output window and mode converter, is shown. Moreover, a new design study of dual-frequency gyrotron at 28 and 35 GHz has started, which indicates the practicability of the multi-purpose gyrotron.

論文

Microwave surface impedance measurements of LiFeAs single crystals

今井 良宗*; 高橋 英幸*; 北川 健太郎*; 松林 和幸*; 中井 宣之*; 永井 佑紀; 上床 美也*; 町田 昌彦; 前田 京剛*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(1), p.013704_1 - 013704_4, 2011/01

 被引用回数:33 パーセンタイル:15.87(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

鉄系高温超伝導体の超伝導発現機構は、未だ謎が多く未解明であるが、臨界温度や臨界磁場が高く、産業や原子力分野での応用を念頭に置いた場合、極めて有力な材料の一つである。したがって、その超伝導発現機構を理解し、さらに高温や高磁場でも安定な超伝導を得ることが可能となれば、応用上の大きな発展が期待できる。超伝導発現においては、電子の対が超伝導を担うことが知られていることから、二つの電子がどのようなペアリングをしているのかを明らかにすることが、超伝導発現機構を理解するための第一歩である。本論文では、この第一歩を進めるため、一つの鉄系高温超伝導体であるLiFeAs単結晶に対し、マイクロ波表面インピーダンス測定を行い、低温での磁場侵入長を測定し、その結果を数値計算結果と比較することで、この物質がマルチバンド由来の超伝導ギャップを持っていることを明らかにした。本成果は、バラエティ豊かな鉄系高温超伝導体の普遍的性質を捉えたものであり、高温超伝導のメカニズム解明に対し、一つの知見を与えうる成果である。

論文

Observation of ion cyclotron emission owing to DD fusion product H ions in JT-60U

佐藤 翔一*; 市村 真*; 山口 裕資*; 片野 誠*; 今井 康隆*; 村上 達也*; 三宅 勇一郎*; 横山 拓郎*; 森山 伸一; 小林 貴之; et al.

Plasma and Fusion Research (Internet), 5, p.S2067_1 - S2067_4, 2010/12

JT-60Uで観測されるイオンサイクロトロン放射(ICE)のなかで、入射したDビームに起因するICE(D)と核反応生成(FP)イオンに起因するICEでは、トロイダル方向の波数が異なり、FPイオンによるICEは有限な波数を持つことがこれまでに観測されている。この性質を利用して、ICE(D)の2倍高調波と分離してICE(H)を同定した。ICE(H)が観測される条件を明らかにすることを目的として、実験条件の特定とEPOCコードを用いて軌道の計算をしている。

論文

Development of 28 GHz and 77 GHz 1 MW gyrotron for ECRH of magnetically confined plasma

假家 強*; 南 龍太郎*; 今井 剛*; 坂本 慶司; 久保 伸*; 下妻 隆*; 高橋 裕己*; 伊藤 哲*; 武藤 敬*; 満仲 義加*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 55(2T), p.91 - 94, 2009/02

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:37.23(Nuclear Science & Technology)

A new 28 GHz 1 MW and a 77 GHz 1 MW gyrotrons are developed for ECRH system of tandem mirror GAMMA10 and Large Helical Device (LHD), respectively. The detail design study of 28 GHz 1 MW gyrotron such as cavity, magnetron injection gun (MIG) has been done. We obtained the oscillation power of 1.37 MW and the oscillation efficiency of 42.7% with the pitch factor of 1.2. Two 77 GHz 1 MW gyrotrons have been fabricated and tested. The maximum output power of 1.1 MW was obtained. The pulse width with 0.46 MW extended to 5s with the short aging time of only 65 hours. A plasma injection for LHD with MOU output of 0.81 MW 3.6s was performed.

論文

Plasma generation at atmospheric pressure using a high-power microwave beam and its application to rocket propulsion

小田 靖久*; 小紫 公也*; 高橋 幸司; 春日井 敦; 今井 剛*; 坂本 慶司

Electrical Engineering in Japan, 161(2), p.1 - 7, 2007/11

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:87.27(Engineering, Electrical & Electronic)

170GHz, MW級ジャイロトロンを応用し、マイクロ波プラズマ生成とマイクロ波推進器の実験を行った。推進器内で発生したプラズマはマイクロ波の進行方向とは逆方向に向かって伝播し、その伝播速度は、マイクロ波のパワー密度が75kW/cm$$^{2}$$以上になると音速程度になることが判明した。また、推進力を測定したところ、運動量結合係数はプラズマの伝播速度が音速になると最大になることも判明した。これはプラズマ圧力が効率よく上昇し、その結果強い衝撃波を生み出す結果となっていると考えられる。

論文

核融合炉を魅力的にする要素技術の展望

今井 剛*; 春日井 敦; 檜垣 浩之*

平成19年電気学会全国大会講演論文集,7, p.S9(24) - S9(26), 2007/03

ITER計画においては、仏カダラッシュに建設地が決まり、日本は準サイト国として参加することとなった。EU,ロシア,米国,中国,韓国,印と協力して7極による建設が始まった。一方、国内では核融合エネルギー開発について、重点化の方針に沿って進められ、日本原子力研究開発機構のトカマク型磁場閉じ込め装置JT-60が長時間の高ベータ値維持を達成し、さらにプラズマ加熱技術等の炉工学技術の分野でも目覚ましい進展を遂げている。このような状況を踏まえて、核融合研究の方向を見ると、ITERの先にある原型炉/発電実証炉や商業炉を見通した問題点の抽出,先進的なプラズマ閉じ込め方法,先進的炉工学技術,経済性・安全性等の社会受容性,核融合から波及した技術の蓄積などが、検討すべき項目であった。そのため、特に新しい核融合技術の基盤となるようなものを調査するため、電気学会原子力技術委員会の下に「魅力的な核融合炉技術調査専門委員会」を発足させた。本件はこれらの活動の結果を報告したものである。

論文

Upgrade program of ECRH system for GAMMA10

今井 剛*; 立松 芳典*; 沼倉 友晴*; 坂本 慶司; 南 龍太郎*; 渡辺 理*; 假家 強*; 満仲 義加*; 鎌田 康宏*; 町田 紀人*; et al.

Fusion Science and Technology, 51(2T), p.208 - 212, 2007/02

 被引用回数:9 パーセンタイル:40.51(Nuclear Science & Technology)

筑波大学のミラー型プラズマ閉じ込め装置GAMMA10で、プラグ部と中央部に、原子力機構と共同開発した500kW級28GHzジャイロトロンを用いた電子サイクロトロンを用い、新記録となる3kVのイオン閉じ込めポテンシャルの生成に成功した。これは、従来のミラー閉じ込め装置で得られたポテンシャルの約4倍となる画期的な成果である。また、中央部の400kWレベルのECHにより、初期結果として500eVの電子温度を得た。

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