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論文

Direct observation of lattice symmetry breaking at the hidden-order transition in URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

利根川 翔*; 笠原 成*; 福田 竜生; 杉本 邦久*; 安田 伸広*; 鶴原 悠悟*; 渡邊 大樹*; 水上 雄太*; 芳賀 芳範; 松田 達磨*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 5, p.4188_1 - 4188_7, 2014/06

 被引用回数:45 パーセンタイル:8.27(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

We report on the observation of lattice symmetry breaking from the fourfold to twofold structure by high-resolution synchrotron X-ray diffraction measurements at zero field. Small orthorhombic symmetry-breaking distortion sets in at the transition temperature with a jump, uncovering the weakly first-order nature of the hidden-order transition. This distortion is observed only in ultra pure samples, implying a highly unusual coupling nature between the electronic pneumaticity and underlying lattice.

論文

Cyclotron resonance study of quasiparticle mass and scattering rate in the hidden-order and superconducting phases of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

利根川 翔*; 橋本 顕一郎*; 井加田 洸輔*; 鶴原 悠悟*; Lin, Y.-H.*; 宍戸 寛明*; 芳賀 芳範; 松田 達磨; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦; et al.

Physical Review B, 88(24), p.245131_1 - 245131_13, 2013/12

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:46.03(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Detailed analyses of the cyclotron resonance lines in a uranium compound URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ are reported. The analyses of the resonance profiles reveals that the heavier branch of the split line has a larger scattering rate, providing evidence for the existence of hot-spot along the [110] direction. The result is consistent with the broken fourfold symmetry in the hidden-order phase.

論文

Cyclotron resonance in the hidden-order phase of URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$

利根川 翔*; 橋本 顕一郎*; 井加田 洸輔*; Lin, Y.-H.*; 宍戸 寛明*; 芳賀 芳範; 松田 達磨; 山本 悦嗣; 大貫 惇睦; 池田 浩章*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 109(3), p.036401_1 - 036401_5, 2012/07

 被引用回数:48 パーセンタイル:10.3(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

First observation of cyclotron resonance in the hidden-order phase of ultra clean URu$$_2$$Si$$_2$$ is reported. An anomalous splitting of the sharpest resonance line under in-plane magnetic field rotation was found. This is most naturally explained by the domain formation, which breaks the fourfold rotational symmetry of the underlying tetragonal lattice. The result is consistent with the "nematic" Fermi liquid state, in which itinerant electrons have unidirectional correlations.

論文

Electronic nematicity above the structural and superconducting transition in BaFe$$_2$$(As$$_{1-x}$$P$$_x$$)$$_2$$

笠原 成*; Shi, H. J.*; 橋本 顕一郎*; 利根川 翔*; 水上 雄太*; 芝内 孝禎*; 杉本 邦久*; 福田 竜生; 寺嶋 孝仁*; Nevidomskyy, A. H.*; et al.

Nature, 486(7403), p.382 - 385, 2012/06

 被引用回数:319 パーセンタイル:0.52(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The electron nematicity, which break rotational symmetry of the crystal lattice, has been recently observed in high-$$T_c$$ superconductors. In iron-pnictides, it has been associated with the tetragonal-to-orthorhombic structural transition at $$T_s$$, and the observations has been limited in the orthorhombic phase or in the tetragonal phase under uniaxial strain. In this investigation we provide magnetic torque measurements, a thermodynamic evidence which clearly shows the development of nematicity well above $$T_s$$ and the persistence in the nonmagnetic superconducting regime. Combined with synchrotron X-ray measurements, our results identify two distinct temperatures-one at $$T^ast$$, signifying a true nematic transition, and the other at $$T_s$$ ($$< T^ast$$), which we show to be not a true phase transition, but rather what we refer to as a "meta-nematic transition", in analogy to the well-known metamagnetic transition in the theory of magnetism.

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