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論文

Land use types control solid wash-off rate and entrainment coefficient of Fukushima-derived $$^{137}$$Cs, and their time dependence

脇山 義史*; 恩田 裕一*; 吉村 和也; 五十嵐 康記*; 加藤 弘亮*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105990_1 - 105990_12, 2019/12

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:44.92(Environmental Sciences)

This study provides the results of observations of plot-scale $$^{137}$$Cs wash-off from various land uses (two uncultivated farmlands, two cultivated farmlands, three grasslands and one forest) from 2011 to 2014. Annual $$^{137}$$Cs wash-off rate ranged from 0.0026 to 7.5% per year, and more vegetation cover resulted in lower sediment discharge. $$^{137}$$Cs concentration observed in uncultivated farmland plot decreased with time and the rate was lower than those of riverine, suggesting that contributions of $$^{137}$$Cs from the upslope area may be insignificant to that in riverine. A negative relationship between $$^{137}$$Cs concentration normalized by initial deposition amount and sediment concentration in runoff water was found. Cultivation appeared to cause enhanced soil erosion and resulted in constant relatively low $$^{137}$$Cs concentration. A contribution of coarse organic matter to $$^{137}$$Cs wash-off was suggested in the forest, which had relatively high $$^{137}$$Cs concentration and low sediment discharge.

論文

Reconstruction of a Fukushima accident-derived radiocesium fallout map for environmental transfer studies

加藤 弘亮*; 恩田 裕一*; Gao, X.*; 眞田 幸尚; 斎藤 公明

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 210, p.105996_1 - 105996_12, 2019/12

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:27.77(Environmental Sciences)

Ascertaining the initial amount of accidentally released radiocesium is fundamental for determining the extent of radioactive contamination following nuclear accidents, and is of key importance to environmental transfer models. A series of the airborne monitoring surveys of radioactivity have conducted by the Japanese MEXT, and provide basic information on radioactive contamination following the accident. However, there are no clear guidelines regarding the selection of airborne monitoring survey results for estimating the initial fallout input in studies of the environmental transfer of radiocesium. This study reconstructed a fallout map of Fukushima accident-derived radiocesium based on a comparison of the radiocesium deposition densities derived from the third and fifth airborne monitoring surveys.

論文

Temporal change in radiological environments on land after the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant accident

斎藤 公明; 三上 智; 安藤 真樹; 松田 規宏; 木名瀬 栄; 津田 修一; 佐藤 哲朗*; 関 暁之; 眞田 幸尚; Wainwright-Murakami, Haruko*; et al.

Journal of Radiation Protection and Research, 44(4), p.128 - 148, 2019/12

Massive environmental monitoring has been conducted continuously after the Fukushima accident with different monitoring methods having different features together with migration studies of radiocesium in diverse environments. At three months after the accident, multiple radionuclides were detected at many places; while it was confirmed that radiocesium was most important from the viewpoint of long-term exposures. The air dose rates in environments related to human living have decreased faster than expected from radioactive decay by a factor of 2-3 on average. An empirical model for predicting air dose rate distribution was developed based on statistical analysis of massive car-borne survey data. Some trials were performed to integrate different types of contamination maps to obtain an integrated map of better quantity. Annual external exposure doses for residents who would return to their home were estimated to less than a few mSv as a whole. The environmental data and knowledge have been provided for diverse-spectrum of people in different ways.

論文

Spatial distributions of radionuclides deposited onto ground soil around the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant and their temporal change until December 2012

三上 智; 前山 健司*; 星出 好史*; 坂本 隆一*; 佐藤 昭二*; 奥田 直敏*; Demongeot, S.*; Gurriaran, R.*; 上蓑 義朋*; 加藤 弘亮*; et al.

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.320 - 343, 2015/01

 被引用回数:59 パーセンタイル:5.65(Environmental Sciences)

Comprehensive investigations have been conducted on the land environment affected by the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Distribution maps of Cs-134, Cs-137, and Ag-110m deposition density as of March, September, and December 2012, were constructed according to monitoring results obtained at nearly a thousand locations. Little temporal change of the deposited radionuclides was observed during the nine months from March to December 2012. Weathering effects especially horizontal mobility, during this time were not noticeable. Spatial characteristics in the ratios of Cs-134/Cs-137 and Ag-110m/Cs-137 that deposited on ground were observed by investigations in the Tohoku and Kanto areas. The elaborate deposition maps of Cs-134 and Cs-137 as of September 2012, and those as of December 2012, were constructed using the relationship between the air dose rate and the deposited activity per unit area.

論文

Evaluation of radiocaesium wash-off by soil erosion from various land uses using USLE plots

吉村 和也; 恩田 裕一*; 加藤 弘亮*

Journal of Environmental Radioactivity, 139, p.362 - 369, 2015/01

 被引用回数:49 パーセンタイル:8.1(Environmental Sciences)

Radiocaesium wash-off associated with soil erosion in different land use was monitored using USLE plots in Kawamata, Fukushima Prefecture, Japan after the Fukushima Dai-ichi Nuclear Power Plant accident. Parameters and factors relating to soil erosion and $$^{137}$$Cs concentration in the eroded soil were evaluated based on the field monitoring and presented. The erosion of fine soil, which is defined as the fraction of soil overflowed along with discharged water from a sediment-trap tank, constituted a large proportion of the discharged radiocaesium. This indicated that the quantitative monitoring of fine soil erosion is greatly important for the accurate evaluation of radiocaesium wash-off. An exponential relationship was found between vegetation cover and the amount of eroded soil. Moreover, the radiocaesium concentrations in the discharged soil were greatly affected by the land use. These results indicate that radiocaesium wash-off related to vegetation cover and land use is crucially important in modelling radiocaesium migration.

口頭

Radiocesium wash-off associated with soil erosion from various land uses after the Fukushima Dai-ichi NPP accident

脇山 義史*; 恩田 裕一*; 吉村 和也; 加藤 弘亮*

no journal, , 

This study presents two-year observation of soil erosion and radiocesium wash-off to quantify differences in radiocesium behavior in various land uses. High erodibilities and relatively low values of radiocesium wash-off in cultivated farmlands can be attributed to the mixing of surface soil by ploughing. It was found that the total solid wash-off coefficient of radiocesium from farmlands is high and for 2 years period of time after the accident reaches 10%. Generally high precipitation in the region and steep slopes promote higher wash-off of radiocesium as compared to the Chernobyl case. Also, normalized wash-off coefficients exhibited relatively less volatility than erodibilities in thelandscapes. These results suggest that soil erosion management is crucial for mitigating risks of radiocesium.

口頭

Land use controls fate and transport of radionuclides in Fukushima in the terrestial environment

恩田 裕一*; 谷口 圭輔*; 脇山 義史*; 吉村 和也; Smith, H.*; Blake, W.*; 岩上 翔*; 加藤 弘亮*

no journal, , 

An intensive field monitoring campaign has been started, immediately after the Fukushima NPP accident including detailed monitoring site in upstream (Yamakiya site), and 30 monitoring sites in downstream river sites. In this presentation, I will present the summary of four years environmental transfer studies after the Fukushima NPP accident. The detailed monitoring of activity concentration of radiocesium and their flux, which can be applicable for the fate and flux of the radionuclide transfer in humid temperate environment. We also found that land use controls most of the transport and then fate of Cs-137 in terrestrial environment.

口頭

福島における放射性物質分布調査,10; 福島県の森林における放射性セシウム移行の現状

加藤 弘亮*; 恩田 裕一*; Zul, H. S.*; 篠塚 友輝*; 赤岩 哲*; 新里 忠史

no journal, , 

本発表では、福島県川俣町及び浪江町の森林を対象として、福島原子力発電所事故から8年間の森林環境での放射性セシウムの移行状況の調査結果について報告するとともに、雨水や落葉等に伴う詳細な移行プロセスと放射性セシウム濃度の長期変化傾向の形成について考察した。

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