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Phase-transition kinetics of magnetic skyrmions investigated by stroboscopic small-angle neutron scattering

中島 多朗*; 稲村 泰弘; 伊藤 崇芳*; 大石 一城*; 大池 広志*; 賀川 史敬*; 吉川 明子*; 田口 康二郎*; 加倉井 和久*; 十倉 好紀*; et al.

Physical Review B, 98(1), p.014424_1 - 014424_5, 2018/07

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:59.26(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)



Science from the initial operation of HRC

伊藤 晋一*; 横尾 哲也*; 益田 隆嗣*; 吉澤 英樹*; 左右田 稔*; 池田 陽一*; 井深 壮史*; 川名 大地*; 佐藤 卓*; 南部 雄亮*; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.034001_1 - 034001_6, 2015/09

Since the installation of the High Resolution Chopper Spectrometer, HRC, experiments using the HRC are being conducted to observe the dynamics in wide range of physics. Scientific results during the period since the initial construction are summarized.


Multi-spin-state dynamics during insulator-metal crossover in LaCoO$$_3$$

土居 篤典*; 藤岡 淳*; 福田 竜生; 筒井 智嗣*; 奥山 大輔*; 田口 康二郎*; 有馬 孝尚*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; 十倉 好紀*

Physical Review B, 90(8), p.081109_1 - 081109_4, 2014/01

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:35.48(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

The phonon dynamics of spin-state crossover for perovskite LaCoO$$_3$$ was investigated using infrared and inelastic X-ray spectroscopy. We observed that the Co-O bond stretching phonons couples to the thermally excited spin-state. The momentum dispersion of the optical mode is anomalously dispersionless (less than 3 meV), and this supports the spin-state disproportionation scenario. The steep enhancement of spin-state fluctuation compared to the charge gap suggests the density dependent spin state disproportionation; a simple low spin (LS)/high spin (HS)- or LS/intermediate spin (IS)-state disproportionation is realized at the initial stage with dilute HS- (or IS-) state density, while the complex spin-state disproportionation involving all of the LS-, IS- and HS-state is formed when the density of HS- (or IS-) state is enhanced.


Soft phonon mode coupled with antiferromagnetic order in incipient-ferroelectric Mott insulators Sr$$_{1-x}$$Ba$$_x$$MnO$$_3$$

酒井 英明*; 藤岡 淳*; 福田 竜生; Bahramy, M. S.*; 奥山 大輔*; 有田 亮太郎*; 有馬 孝尚*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; 田口 康二郎*; 十倉 好紀*

Physical Review B, 86(10), p.104407_1 - 104407_11, 2012/09

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:30.41(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Infrared optical and inelastic X-ray scattering spectra have been systematically investigated in combination with first-principles calculations for paraelectric and antiferromagnetic perovskite Sr$$_{1-x}$$Ba$$_x$$MnO$$_3$$ single crystals, which are close to a ferroelectric transition arising from off-center displacement of magnetic Mn$$^{4+}$$ ions. One optical phonon rapidly softens toward zero frequency at room temperature with increasing $$x$$. This soft-mode behavior is also reproduced by the first-principles calculations, from which we have predicted the vibration mode of all the optical phonons. Below the antiferromagnetic-transition temperature, the soft mode hardens with decreasing temperature and then resoftens toward the lowest temperature.


Emergent phenomena in perovskite-type manganites

田口 康二郎*; 酒井 英明*; 奥山 大輔*; 石渡 晋太郎*; 藤岡 淳*; 福田 竜生; 橋爪 大輔*; 賀川 史敬*; 高橋 陽太郎*; 島野 亮*; et al.

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 407(11), p.1685 - 1688, 2012/06

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:79.94(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Perovskite-type manganites exhibit various interesting phenomena arising from complex interplay among spin, charge, orbital, and lattice degrees of freedom. As the respective examples, perovskite-type YMnO$$_3$$ and Sr$$_{1-x}$$Ba$$_x$$MnO$$_3$$ are discussed. In the YMnO$$_3$$, the ferroelectric lattice distortion associated with the $$E$$-type spin order is observed for the first time. Displacement-type ferroelectricity with off-center magnetic ions is discovered for Sr$$_{0.5}$$Ba$$_{0.5}$$MnO$$_3$$, which shows both large polarization value and strong coupling between ferroelectricity and magnetism.


Magnetic phase diagrams of YVO$$_{3}$$ and TbVO$$_{3}$$ under high pressure

備前 大輔*; 中尾 裕則*; 岩佐 和晃*; 村上 洋一*; 長壁 豊隆; 藤岡 淳*; 安江 俊夫*; 宮坂 茂樹*; 十倉 好紀*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 81(2), p.024715_1 - 024715_6, 2012/02

 被引用回数:4 パーセンタイル:59.95(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

低温高圧力下の中性子回折実験により、RVO$$_{3}$$(R=Y, Tb)の磁気相図を明らかにした。TbVO$$_{3}$$では、その基底状態が加圧によって${it C}$-タイプのスピン秩序(${it C}$-SO)から${it G}$-タイプのスピン秩序(${it G}$-SO)へと変化することが明らかとなった。これまでに基底状態の軌道秩序は、加圧により${it G}$-タイプの軌道秩序(${it G}$-OO)から${it C}$-タイプの軌道秩序(${it C}$-OO)へと変化することが明らかになっていたが、これと完全に対応している。一方、YVO$$_{3}$$の基底状態は、常圧から今回の最高圧力値6.2GPaまで、${it G}$-SOと${it C}$-OOが同時に存在し、非秩序相-[${it G}$-SO, ${it C}$-OO]相間の相転移が、ペロブスカイト型の遷移元素酸化物RMO$$_{3}$$において初めて観測された。両物質において[${it G}$-SO, ${it C}$-OO]相が加圧とともに安定化していくが、これは共有結合効果と超交換相互作用が重要な役割を果たしていると考えられる。


Effect of spin dilution on the magnetic state of delafossite CuCrO$$_{2}$$ with an $$S$$ = 3/2 antiferromagnetic triangular sublattice

奥田 哲治*; 宇都 数馬*; 関 真一郎*; 小野瀬 佳文*; 十倉 好紀*; 梶本 亮一; 松田 雅昌*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 80(1), p.014711_1 - 014711_7, 2011/04

 被引用回数:23 パーセンタイル:20.85(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We investigated an effect of spin dilution on the magnetic and thermal properties of delafossite CuCrO$$_{2}$$ having an $$S$$ = 3/2 antiferromagnetic triangular lattice (ATL) by the substitution of Al$$^{3+}$$ for Cr$$^{3+}$$ by measurements of magnetization, specific heat, and neutron scattering. Spin defects introduced into Cr ATL layers blur the antiferromagnetic transition and induce a dimensional crossover of low-energy magnetic excitation in the residual Cr ATL region due to the reduction of inter-layer magnetic interaction, while accompanying an enhancement of a spin-glass component. The observed $$T^{2}$$ contribution to the low-$$T$$ $$C_mathrm{mag}$$ above $$y$$ = 0.15, as well as in Cu$$_{0.85}$$Ag$$_{0.15}$$CrO$$_{2}$$, comes mainly from a short-range 2D AF excitation originating in a nontrivial magnetic state such as spin-nematic or spin-liquid states.


Thermoelectric response in the incoherent transport region near Mott transition; The Case study of La$$_{1-x}$$Sr$$_x$$VO$$_3$$

打田 正輝*; 大石 晃史*; 松尾 まり; 小椎八重 航*; 小野瀬 佳文*; 森 道康; 藤岡 淳*; 宮坂 茂樹*; 前川 禎通; 十倉 好紀*

Physical Review B, 83(16), p.165127_1 - 165127_5, 2011/04

 被引用回数:24 パーセンタイル:22.36(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We report a systematic investigation on the high-temperature thermoelectric response in a typical filling-control Mott transition system La$$_{1-x}$$Sr$$_x$$VO$$_3$$. In the vicinity of the Mott transition, incoherent charge transport appears with increasing temperature and the thermopower undergoes two essential crossovers, asymptotically approaching the limit values expected from the entropy consideration, as known as Heikes formula. By comparison with the results of the dynamical mean field theory, we show that the thermopower in the Mott critical state mainly measures the entropy per charge carrier that depends on electronic degrees of freedom available at the measurement temperature. Our findings verify that the Heikes formula is indeed applicable to the real correlated electron systems at practical temperatures (T$$>$$200K).


Multiferroic $$M$$-type hexaferrites with a room-temperature conical state and magnetically controllable spin helicity

徳永 祐介*; 金子 良夫*; 奥山 大輔*; 石渡 晋太郎*; 有馬 孝尚*; 脇本 秀一; 加倉井 和久; 田口 康二郎*; 十倉 好紀*

Physical Review Letters, 105(25), p.257201_1 - 257201_4, 2010/12

 被引用回数:162 パーセンタイル:1.99(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Magnetic and magnetoelectric (ME) properties have been studied for single crystals of Sc-doped $$M$$-type barium hexaferrites. Magnetization ($$M$$) and neutron diffraction measurements revealed that by tuning Sc concentration a longitudinal conical state is stabilized up to above room temperatures. ME measurements have shown that a transverse magnetic field ($$H$$) can induce electric polarization ($$P$$) at lower temperatures and that the spin helicity is nonvolatile and endurable up to near the conical magnetic transition temperature.


Critical competition between two distinct orbital-spin ordered states in perovskite vanadates

藤岡 淳*; 安江 俊夫*; 宮坂 茂樹*; 山崎 裕一*; 有馬 孝尚*; 佐賀山 基*; 稲見 俊哉; 石井 賢司; 十倉 好紀*

Physical Review B, 82(14), p.144425_1 - 144425_12, 2010/10

 被引用回数:42 パーセンタイル:12.52(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

We have investigated the spin/orbital phase diagram in the perovskite orthovanadate $$R$$VO$$_3$$ ($$R$$ = Eu, Y, Dy, and Ho) by measurements of magnetization, dielectric constant, specific heat, Raman scattering spectra, and X-ray diffraction, focusing on the interplay between the V $$3d$$ spin and the $$4f$$ moment of the $$R$$ ion. The results cannot be uniquely explained in terms of the exchange interaction between the V $$3d$$ spin and the $$R$$-ion $$4f$$ moment. By comparing this phase diagram with the spin/orbital ordering in TbVO$$_3$$, it is evident that the critical competition between the C-type spin/G-type orbital ordered phase and the G-type spin/C-type orbital ordered one depends not only on the GdFeO$$_3$$-type lattice distortion but also on the presence of the $$4f$$ moment of the $$R$$ ion. The magnetic field induced phase transition of the spin/orbital ordering is achieved concomitantly with polarizing $$R$$ $$4f$$ moments for DyVO$$_3$$ and HoVO$$_3$$. The results cannot be uniquely explained in terms of the exchange interaction between the V $$3d$$ spin and the $$R$$-ion $$4f$$ moment. The coupling of the $$R$$ $$4f$$ moment polarization with the lattice distortion tied with the orbital ordering of the V $$3d$$ sublattice may also be relevant to this field induced phase transition.


Neutron diffraction studies on the multiferroic conical magnet Ba$$_{2}$$Mg$$_{2}$$Fe$$_{12}$$O$$_{22}$$

石渡 晋太郎*; 奥山 大輔*; 加倉井 和久; 西 正和*; 田口 康二郎*; 十倉 好紀*

Physical Review B, 81(17), p.174418_1 - 174418_8, 2010/05

 被引用回数:54 パーセンタイル:9.09(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Magnetic structure of a multiferroic Y-type hexaferrite Ba$$_{2}$$Mg$$_{2}$$Fe$$_{12}$$O$$_{22}$$ with helical-spin structures propagating along [001] below 195K has been extensively studied, using polarized and unpolarized neutron diffractions under transverse magnetic fields up to 4.5T. The magnetic phase diagram was investigated as a function of transverse B and coexistence of several phases with different helical-spin periodicity was confirmed at low-B region. By using the polarized neutron diffraction under transverse B, we verified that the ferroelectric phase with the largest electric polarization P with a commensurate k0 vector (0,0,3/2) has a transverse-conical structure. The relation between the transverse-conical spin structure and P as a function of the transverse B is discussed in terms of the inverse Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya model.


Nematic-to-smectic transition of magnetic texture in conical state

武田 全康; 遠藤 康夫; 加倉井 和久; 小野瀬 佳文*; 鈴木 淳市; 十倉 好紀*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(9), p.093704_1 - 093704_4, 2009/09

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:31.64(Physics, Multidisciplinary)



Spin chirality and electric polarization in multiferroic compounds RMn$$_2$$O$$_5$$ ($$R$$ = Ho, Er)

脇本 秀一; 木村 宏之*; 福永 守*; 西畑 敬介*; 武田 全康; 加倉井 和久; 野田 幸男*; 十倉 好紀*

Physica B; Condensed Matter, 404(17), p.2513 - 2516, 2009/09

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:79.52(Physics, Condensed Matter)

Polarized neutron scattering experiments under electric field in the commensurate phase of HoMn$$_2$$O$$_5$$ and ErMn$$_2$$O$$_5$$ have been performed to study the direct relation between the electric polarization and the magnetic chirality $$S_i times S_j$$. It is found that, after cooling in electric fields down to temperatures where the system has both commensurate magnetic order and ferroelectricity, the magnetic chirality is proportional to the polarization.


Unconventional ferroelectric transition in the multiferroic compound TbMnO$$_{3}$$ revealed by the absence of an anomaly in $$c$$-polarized phonon dispersion

梶本 亮一; 佐賀山 基*; 佐々井 健蔵*; 福田 竜生; 筒井 智嗣*; 有馬 孝尚*; 廣田 和馬*; 三井 由佳利*; 吉澤 英樹*; Baron, A. Q. R.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 102(24), p.247602_1 - 247602_4, 2009/06

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:37.29(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

TbMnO$$_{3}$$ exhibits a spontaneous electric polarization along $$mathbf{c}$$ concomitantly with a spiral spin ordering modulated along $$mathbf{b}$$ below $$T$$$$_{rm c}$$ = 28 K. We have performed inelastic X-ray scattering measurements on a single crystal of TbMnO$$_{3}$$ to clarify whether phonon anomalies related to the ferroelectricity exist. We measured transverse modes, especially the Mn-O-Mn bending mode polarized along $$mathbf{c}$$ and propagating along $$mathbf{b}$$, which we expect is most relevant to the ferroelectricity. However, no anomaly was found in the phonon dispersion below 50 meV across $$T$$$$_{rm c}$$. The present result suggests that the mechanism of ferroelectricity in TbMnO$$_3$$ is different from that of a conventional displacive-type ferroelectric. The weak coupling between electric polarization and lattice in TbMnO$$_{3}$$ strongly suggests that the ferroelectricity is mainly derived from the spiral spin ordering.


Dimensional crossover of low-energy magnetic excitation for delafossite oxide Cu$$_{1-x}$$Ag$$_{x}$$CrO$$_{2}$$ with a spin-3/2 antiferromagnetic triangular sublattice

奥田 哲治*; 岸本 泰造*; 宇都 数馬*; 外園 貴久*; 小野瀬 佳文*; 十倉 好紀*; 梶本 亮一; 松田 雅昌

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 78(1), p.013604_1 - 013604_4, 2009/01

 被引用回数:24 パーセンタイル:20.85(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

Dimensional crossover from anisotropic-3-dimensional (3D) to 2D low-energy magnetic excitations was found in delafossite oxide Cu$$_{1-x}$$Ag$$_{x}$$CrO$$_{2}$$ having a spin-3/2 antiferromagnetic (AF) triangular lattice. The crossover is evidenced by a decrease in AF transition temperature ($$T_mathrm{N}$$), distinct 2D magnetic excitations above $$T_mathrm{N}$$ for Cu$$_{0.85}$$Ag$$_{0.15}$$CrO$$_{2}$$, a disappearance of a peak of magnetic specific heat ($$C_mathrm{mag}$$) around $$T_mathrm{N}$$, and a successive change from $$T^3$$ to $$T^2$$ dependence of low-$$T$$ $$C_mathrm{mag}$$ accompanying a low-$$T$$ shift of magnetic entropy. These results may suggest a gradual change from AF to spin-liquid like states with an increase in $$x$$.


$$R$$-dependence of spin exchange interactions in $$R$$MnO$$_{3}$$ ($$R$$ = Rare-Earth Ions)

梶本 亮一; 望月 秀記*; 吉澤 英樹*; 新谷 寛*; 木村 剛*; 十倉 好紀*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, 74(9), p.2430 - 2433, 2005/09

 被引用回数:32 パーセンタイル:19.77(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A型反強磁性秩序を示すPrMnO$$_{3}$$と長距離磁気秩序を示すTbMnO$$_{3}$$のマグノン励起を中性子非弾性散乱実験によって調べた。LaMnO$$_{3}$$の結果(K. Hirota $textit{et al.}$)も合わせて議論することで$$R$$イオンの違いによるスピン交換相互作用の系統的な変化を明らかにした。$$R$$イオンの半径が小さくなるにつれて$$ab$$面内の最近接サイト間の交換相互作用は急激に減少し、TbMnO$$_{3}$$では有限の次近接サイト間交換相互作用が存在する。対照的に$$c$$軸方向の交換相互作用の$$R$$依存性は非常に小さい。これらの結果は、$$R$$MnO$$_{3}$$における磁気構造の変化は最近接サイト間相互作用と次近接サイト間相互作用の競合によって引き起こされるという説(T. Kimura $textit{et al.}$)と整合している。


Magnetic-field-induced transition in the lattice modulation of colossal magnetoelectric GdMnO$$_3$$ and TbMnO$$_3$$ compounds

有馬 孝尚*; 後藤 剛史*; 山崎 裕一*; 宮坂 茂樹*; 石井 賢司; 坪田 雅己; 稲見 俊哉; 村上 洋一*; 十倉 好紀*

Physical Review B, 72(10), p.100102_1 - 100102_4, 2005/09

 被引用回数:107 パーセンタイル:4.37(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

強磁場下での単結晶放射光X線回折実験を磁気誘電化合物GdMnO$$_3$$とTbMnO$$_3$$で行った。低温で磁場の印加によって誘起される${bf P}$//aの強誘電相は斜方晶のb軸方向へのq=1/2と1/4の整合な格子変調によって特徴づけられる。この格子変調は変調ベクトル(0 1/4 1)の反強磁性スピン配列によるものである。スピン構造の変化は直接磁場誘起誘電相転移と関係づけられる。なぜなら、いかなる(0 1/4 1)の整合スピン変調はPbnm空間群を持つ歪んだペルブスカイトの${it a}$軸に垂直な映心面を壊すからである。


Polaron correlations in ferromagnetic CMR manganites

Fernandez-Baca, J. A.*; Dai, P.*; 若林 信義*; Plummer, E. W.*; 片野 進; 富岡 泰秀*; 十倉 好紀*

Journal of the Physical Society of Japan, Vol.70, Supplement A, p.85 - 87, 2001/00



TbMnO$$_3$$ の低エネルギー磁気励起

梶本 亮一; 三井 由佳利*; 吉澤 英樹*; 阿曽 尚文*; 新谷 寛*; 木村 剛*; 十倉 好紀*

no journal, , 

${it R}$MnO$$_3$$は長周期磁気秩序相で強誘電性を示すことで最近注目されている。TbMnO$$_3$$ではスピンは${it T}$ $$_{N}$$=42Kで波数ベクトル$$mathbf{q}_mathrm{spin}=0.29mathbf{b}^*$$のサイン波的な非整合秩序を示すが、$$T_mathrm{C}=28$$Kでは磁気秩序が$$mathbf{q}_mathrm{spin}=0.28mathbf{b}^*$$の楕円型らせん秩序に変化するとともに強誘電性が生じる。われわれのこれまでの中性子散乱実験の結果、TbMnO$$_3$$では10K($$< T_mathrm{c}$$)においてA型反強磁性のゾーン全体にわたって磁気励起が存在し、その分散関係は$$mathbf{q}=mathbf{Q}-mathbf{G}$$($$mathbf{G}$$はゾーン中心)の小さいところを除いて、最近接間相互作用と次近接間相互作用の競合を取り入れたハイゼンベルクモデルでよく記述できることがわかった。さらに、$$mathbf{q}$$の小さいところには複雑な構造の励起が存在していることがわかったが、分解能の不足のために詳細な構造は不明であった。今回、TbMnO$$_3$$$$mathbf{q}$$の小さい領域における磁気励起を、分解能の高い冷中性子を用いた中性子散乱実験によって観測した。その結果、10Kにおいて磁気秩序の波数付近で図のような3つの分散を持つ特異な励起が観測された。一番上の分散はゾーン中心からゾーン境界まで連続しているのに対し、他の2本は$$mathbf{q}_mathrm{spin}$$で極小を持ち、$$mathbf{q}_mathrm{spin}$$より$$mathbf{q}$$が大きくなるにつれ急速に強度を失う。この磁気励起は楕円型らせん秩序という特殊な磁気秩序に起因する可能性がある一方で、電気分極あるいはフォノンと結合した新規な励起である可能性も期待される。



梶本 亮一; 松田 雅昌; 武田 全康; 加倉井 和久; 三井 由佳利*; 吉澤 英樹*; 木村 剛*; 十倉 好紀*

no journal, , 

TbMnO$$_3$$$$T_N=42$$Kでスピンが$$b$$軸方向を向いて波数$$q_s sim 0.28b^*$$で変調するcollinearなサイン波的磁気秩序を示すが、$$T_C=28$$K以下では$$bc$$面内で回転するらせん配列へと変化する。このとき、スピン変調の振幅の大きさは異方的で楕円形のらせん秩序を形成していると言われている。一方、$$T_C$$以下では自発電気分極を生じ、磁性との関係が注目されている。われわれはTbMnO$$_3$$におけるスピン配列のサイン波秩序かららせん秩序への変化を詳細に調べるため、三次元偏極中性子解析装置CRYOPADを用いた偏極中性子回折実験を行った。磁気Bragg 反射$$mathbf{Q}=(3,1 pm q_s,1)$$での中性子の偏極率$$P_{if}$$(入射中性子のスピンの向きが$$i$$、散乱中性子のスピンの向きが$$f$$のときの偏極率。$$i,f=x,y,z$$)を観測した結果、TbMnO$$_3$$ではcollinearなスピン秩序が$$T_C$$で一度にらせんになるのではなく、温度の低下とともに徐々に「膨らんで」らせん秩序に変化していることがわかった。その変化の様子は$$T_C$$以下での自発電気分極の発達と対応しており、非常に興味深い。そして、楕円形のらせん秩序とは、完全な(円形の)らせん秩序になりきれなかったもの、と見ることができる。

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