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論文

Observation of a Be double-Lambda hypernucleus in the J-PARC E07 experiment

江川 弘行; 足利 沙希子; 長谷川 勝一; 橋本 直; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二*; 七村 拓野; et al.

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.021D02_1 - 021D02_11, 2019/02

A double-$$Lambda$$ hypernucleus, $${}_{LambdaLambda}mathrm{Be}$$, was observed by the J-PARC E07 collaborationin nuclear emulsions tagged by the $$(K^{-},K^{+})$$ reaction. This event was interpreted as a production and decay of $$ {}_{LambdaLambda}^{;10}mathrm{Be}$$,$${}_{LambdaLambda}^{;11}mathrm{Be}$$, or $${}_{LambdaLambda}^{;12}mathrm{Be}^{*}$$ via $$Xi^{-}$$ capture in $${}^{16}mathrm{O}$$.By assuming the capture in the atomic 3D state, the binding energy of two $$Lambda$$ hyperons$$,$$($$B_{LambdaLambda}$$)of these double-$$Lambda$$ hypernuclei are obtained to be$$15.05 pm 0.11,mathrm{MeV}$$, $$19.07 pm 0.11,mathrm{MeV}$$, and $$13.68 pm 0.11,mathrm{MeV}$$, respectively. Based on the kinematic fitting, $${}_{LambdaLambda}^{;11}mathrm{Be}$$ is the most likely explanation for the observed event.

論文

Trapping probability of strangeness via $$mathrm{Xi}^{-}$$ hyperon capture at rest in nuclear emulsion

Theint, A. M. M.*; 江川 弘行; 吉田 純也; 他7名*

Progress of Theoretical and Experimental Physics (Internet), 2019(2), p.021D01_1 - 021D01_10, 2019/02

In the E373 experiment at KEK-PS, we have located nearly $$2 times 10^{4}$$ stopping events of $$Xi^{-}$$ hyperon candidates in nuclear emulsion. Among them, the identification of $$Xi^{-}$$ hyperon was performed with Constant Sagitta (CS) method by measuring multiple Coulomb scattering for 695 clearly stopping events. With use of Geant4 simulation, the parameters for the CS method were optimised and we obtained the number of real $$Xi^{-}$$ stopping events to be $$432.3 pm 7.6^{+0.0}_{-14.0}$$ with 3.2% systematic error. The trapping probabilities of two $$Lambda$$ hyperons for light and heavy nuclei were found to be $$5.0 pm 1.7$$% and $$4.2 pm 1.4$$%, respectively. For at least one $$Lambda$$ trapping, the probabilities were $$69.4 pm 8.1$$% and $$51.1 pm 5.7$$% for light and heavy nuclei. These results are the first time to present the trapping probabilities of $$Lambda$$ hyperons via $$Xi^{-}$$ hyperon capture at rest in the emulsion.

論文

First determination of the level structure of an $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F

Yang, S. B.*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 谷田 聖; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 120, p.132505_1 - 132505_5, 2018/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:49.95(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report on the first observation of $$gamma$$ rays emitted from an $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F. The energy spacing between the ground state doublet, $$1/2^+$$ and $$3/2^+$$ states, of $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F is determined to be $$315.5pm0.4({rm stat.})^{+0.6}_{-0.5}({rm syst.})$$ keV by measuring the $$gamma$$-ray energy of the $$M1(3/2^+ to 1/2^+)$$ transition. In addition, three $$gamma$$-ray peaks are observed and assigned as $$E2(5/2^+ to 1/2^+)$$, $$E1(1/2^- to 1/2^+)$$, and $$E1(1/2^- to 3/2^+)$$ transitions. The excitation energies of the $$5/2^+$$ and $$1/2^-$$ states are determined to be $$895.2pm0.3({rm stat.})pm0.5({rm syst.})$$ keV and $$1265.6pm1.2({rm stat.})^{+0.5}_{-0.7}({rm syst.})$$ keV, respectively. It is found that the ground state doublet spacing is well described by theoretical models based on existing $$s$$- and $$p$$-shell hypernuclear data.

論文

Spectroscopy of nuclei with multi-strangeness by using new S-2S spectrometer at J-PARC

後神 利志*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 市川 裕大; 七村 拓野; 成木 恵; 佐甲 博之; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 18, p.011031_1 - 011031_6, 2017/11

The missing mass spectroscopy of $$Xi^-$$ hypernuclei is planned at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) by using the $$(K^-,K^+)$$ reaction. We are constructing a new magnetic spectrometer, S-2S, which has a better momentum resolution [$$Delta p/p = 5 times 10^{-4}$$ (FHWM)] than that of an existing spectrometer (SKS) at J-PARC. S-2S would give us an opportunity to confirm the existence of $$Xi^-$$ hypernuclei as a peak structure owing to both the high momentum resolution and its reasonably large solid angle. Brief descriptions of our experiment and of its preparation status are presentedin this article.

論文

$$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of hypernuclei; Recent results and prospect at J-PARC

田村 裕和*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.011004_1 - 011004_11, 2017/07

The present status and future prospects of precision $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei are described. A new experiment (J-PARC E13) has been performed at the J-PARC K1.8 line employing a newly-developed germanium (Ge) detector array, Hyperball-J, via the $$(K^-,pi^-)$$ reaction on $$^4$$He and $$^{19}$$F targets. This is the first study of $$s$$-shell and $$sd$$-shell $$Lambda$$ hypernuclei with Ge detectors. The $$^4$$He target spectrum exhibited a $$gamma$$-ray peak of $$^4_{Lambda}{rm He}(1^+to 0^+)$$ at $$1.406 pm 0.002 pm 0.002$$ MeV. Compared with the energy ($$1.09 pm 0.02$$ MeV) of the corresponding transition for the mirror hypernucleus, $$^4_{Lambda}{rm H}(1^+to 0^+)$$, the present result clearly indicates a large charge symmetry breaking (CSB) effect. This decisive data for CSB allows a stringent test of baryon-baryon interaction models. As for the $$^{19}$$F target run, a preliminary spectrum shows several $$gamma$$-ray peaks assigned to $$^{19}_{Lambda}{rm F}$$ transitions. Future plans of $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy are also discussed.

論文

Search for excited state of $$Sigma$$ hypernucleus in the J-PARC E13 experiment

中川 真菜美*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.012009_1 - 012009_4, 2017/07

One of the main items of the J-PARC E13 experiment is the search for excited states of the $$^4_{Sigma}$$He hypernucleus via the $$^4$$He$$(K^-,pi^-)$$ reaction at 1.5 GeV/c. The missing-mass spectrum of the $$^4$$He$$(K^-,pi^-)X$$ reaction was obtained in an angular range from 0 to 20 degrees. We show the count-base spectrum of the missing-mass in the angular range from 2 to 14 degrees. The ground state of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^4_{Sigma}$$He were clearly observed in the missing-mass spectrum. We also show three missing-mass spectra divided by the reaction angle.

論文

The First gamma-ray spectroscopic study of $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F

Yang, S. B.*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; Hwang, S.; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 17, p.012004_1 - 012004_4, 2017/07

The first $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus, $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F, is performed in June, 2015 at the J-PARC K1.8 beam line (J-PARC E13). Precise energy levels of $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F can be revealed by measured $$gamma$$ rays in this experiment. Especially, the strength of $$Lambda N$$ spin-spin interaction in $$sd$$-shell hypernucleus is obtained through the energy spacing of the ground-state doublet of the hypernucleus. By comparing its strength between the $$s$$, $$p$$, and $$sd$$-shell hypernuclei, a radial dependence $$Lambda N$$ interaction is investigated. The hypernucleus is produced through the $$(K^-,pi^-)$$ reaction with the beam momentum of 1.8 GeV/c. In very preliminary results, we observed two $$gamma$$ rays, and their energies are $$315.8 pm 0.4$$ keV and $$ 895.3 pm 0.3$$ keV where the uncertainties are only statistical.

論文

Observation of $$Xi$$ bound states in the $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-,K^+)X$$ reaction at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ in J-PARC

永江 知文*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 谷田 聖; et al.

Proceedings of Science (Internet), 7 Pages, 2017/05

We have carried out a pilot data taking of the J-PARC E05 experiment to search for the bound state peaks of $$^{12}_{Xi}$$Be in the $$^{12}$$C$$(K^-,K^+)X$$ reaction at 1.8 GeV/$$c$$. The measurement was performed at the K1.8 beam line of the J-PARC hadron experimental hall with a typical $$K^-$$ beam intensity of $$6 times 10^5$$ every six seconds. So far the best energy resolution of about 6 MeV FWHM was achieved with the existing SKS spectrometer. With a reasonable statistics, we have succeeded to observe peak structures in the bound region, which seems to suggest that the potential depth of $$Xi$$ would be deeper than 14 MeV estimated in the previous measurements.

論文

Study of the $$overline{K}$$-nucleus interaction by using the $$^{12}$$C(K$$^{-}$$, p) reaction at J-PARC

市川 裕大; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 金原 慎二; 中田 祥之; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 13, p.020007_1 - 020007_5, 2017/02

これまで反K中間子と原子核の間の相互作用はK中間子原子(K-中間子と原子核の電磁相互作用による束縛状態)のX線を用いて研究が行われてきた。しかし、このK中間子原子のX線測定では理論モデルの種類によって結果が大きく依存するという問題がため、X線測定だけでは相互作用を決定することが困難である。そこで、われわれは$$^{12}$$C(K$$^{-}$$, p)反応におけるエネルギースペクトルを測定し、理論計算と比較する手法を用いて反K中間子と原子核の間の相互作用を決定しようとしている。この手法は既にKEK E548実験で行われているが、実験セットアップ上の問題点が指摘されているため、過去の高エネルギー加速器研究機構での実験では不十分である。そこで、われわれはJ-PARCにおいて再実験を行い、正しく$$^{12}$$C(K$$^{-}$$, p)のスペクトルを取得することに成功した。

論文

Double hypernuclei experiment with hybrid emulsion method at J-PARC

江川 弘行; J-PARC E07 Collaboration*

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021019_1 - 021019_6, 2015/09

ダブルハイパー核はストレンジネス$$S=$$-2の物理の研究において重要な要素である。これまでに核種が同定されたダブルハイパー核はKEK E373実験で観測された$${}^{6}_{LambdaLambda}$$Heのみである。J-PARC E07実験ではハイブリッドエマルジョン法を用いてダブルハイパー核の実験を行う。この実験では、K1.8ビームラインに設置されたKURAMAスペクトロメータシステムを用いて、$$(K^-,K^+)$$反応により生成された$$Xi^-$$を検出する。ターゲットの上流と下流に置かれたSSDによって$$Xi^-$$の軌跡を記録し、エマルジョン内の軌跡と自動的に結びつけることで、大量のダブルハイパー核を探索する。E373実験の10倍の統計が得られると見積もられており、10個以上の新しい核種を発見することを目指す。また、Ge検出器による$$Xi^-$$原子の$$X$$線測定も同時に行なう。この測定は世界初の試みであり、$$Xi^-$$の原子核表面付近でのポテンシャルの情報が得られる。この発表では、E07実験の現状と物理的意義について述べる。

論文

J-PARC E27 experiment to search for a $$K^{-}pp$$ bound state

市川 裕大; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021020_1 - 021020_7, 2015/09

$$d(pi^{+},K^{+})$$反応を用いて最も単純なK中間子原子核$$K^{-}pp$$を探索する実験を行った。そして、世界で初めて本反応において$$Lambda$$粒子の生成領域から$$Lambda$$(1405)/$$Sigma$$(1385)粒子の生成領域までと広い質量領域での二重微分断面積を測定した。$$Lambda$$$$Sigma$$粒子の生成領域においては2.13GeV/$$c^{2}$$付近に観測した$$Sigma N$$カスプ起因のピーク以外おおむね準自由過程をもとにしたシミュレーションと実験結果が一致することを確認した。一方で、$$Y^{*}$$の生成領域ではシミュレーションと比べて実験データのピーク位置が-24MeV/$$c^{2}$$ずれていることを観測した。

論文

J-PARC E19 experiment; Pentaquark $$Theta^+$$ search in hadronic reaction at J-PARC

高橋 智則*; 江川 弘行; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.022011_1 - 022011_6, 2015/09

A search for the $$Theta^+$$ pentaquark in the $$pi^-p to K^-X$$ reaction was performed at the J-PARC Hadron Facility. Two data samples were collected in 2010 and 2012 at $$pi^-$$ beam momenta of 1.92 and 2.0 GeV/$$c$$, respectively. No peak structure was observed in the missing mass spectra obtained from either data set. The upper limit for the production cross section averaged over the scattering-angle range of $$2^{circ}$$ to $$15^{circ}$$ in the laboratory frame was found to be 0.28 $$mu$$b/sr. The decay width of the $$Theta^+$$ can be directly connected to the production cross section through a theoretical calculation using an effective Lagrangian. The estimated upper limits of the width were 0.41 and 2.8 MeV for the spin-parities of $$1/2^+$$ and $$1/2^-$$, respectively.

論文

Study of $$Lambda N$$ interaction via the $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F (E13-1st)

山本 剛史*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021017_1 - 021017_6, 2015/09

A $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy experiment via the $$(K^-, pi^-)$$ reaction (J-PARC E13-1st) will be performed at the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility using a newly developed Ge detector array, Hyperball-J. Spin-dependent $$Lambda N$$ interactions will be studied through the precise measurement of the structure of hypernuclei, $$^4_{Lambda}$$He and $$^{19}_{Lambda}$$F. In May 2013, commissioning of whole detector system was carried out and calibration data were taken. In particular, production cross sections of $$Sigma^+$$ and $$^{12}_{Lambda}$$C via the $$(K^-, pi^-)$$ reaction on the CH$$_2$$ target for $$p_K = 1.5$$ and 1.8 GeV/$$c$$ were obtained.

論文

Measurement of the $$Lambda$$ spin-flip $$B(M1)$$ value in hypernuclei

佐々木 侑輝*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 市川 裕大; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.022013_1 - 022013_4, 2015/09

A hypernuclear $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy experiment (E13) will be performed using $$K^-$$ beam at the K1.8 beam line of the J-PARC Hadron Experimental Facility in 2015. In this experiment, we will determine the $$B(M1)$$ value of the $$Lambda$$ spin-flip transition of the ground state doublet in $$^{19}_{Lambda}F$$ to investigate the magnetic moment of a $$Lambda$$ hyperon in nuclei. In order to check the performance of the whole spectrometer system of E13, a commissioning run was performed at the K1.8 beam line in 2013. We confirmed that the E13 setup is almost ready for the next beam time in 2015. In particular, new detectors for suppressing events from the two main $$K^-$$ decay modes in the on-line and off-line analyses are installed. As a result, the signal to noise ratio of $$gamma$$ spectra is drastically improved, and the sensitivity to the $$B(M1)$$ measurement is expected to increase.

論文

Development of single-sided silicon detectors in the emulsion-hybrid system at J-PARC

Lee, J. Y.*; 江川 弘行; 長谷川 勝一; 早川 修平; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; 佐甲 博之; 佐藤 進; 杉村 仁志; 谷田 聖; et al.

JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 8, p.021008_1 - 021008_6, 2015/09

A new single-sided silicon micro-strip detector (SSD) is being developed at the J-PARC K1.8 beam line for an emulsion-counter hybrid experiment (J-PARC E07). The SSD will be mainly used for vertex measurements in emulsion plates. Two prototypes of SSD have been fabricated to check the performance of the circuit board and silicon sensors. The first prototype consists of only one layer of a silicon sensor whereas the second prototype consists of two layers of silicon sensors. The final product will be a stack of 4 layers of silicon sensors in the order of $$X$$-$$Y$$-$$X$$-$$Y$$. The first and second prototypes of SSD have been tested and the final product will be fabricated based on the test result.

論文

Cosmic-ray test of a time-of-flight detector for double-strangeness experiments at J-PARC

Kim, S. H.*; Hwang, S.; Ahn, J. K.*; 江川 弘行; 早川 修平; Hong, B.*; 細見 健二; 今井 憲一; Kim, M. H.*; Lee, J. Y.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 795, p.39 - 44, 2015/09

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:81.41(Instruments & Instrumentation)

We have developed a time-of-flight (ToF) array consisting of 24 plastic scintillators for triggering and timing measurements in a series of planned experiments to study double-strangeness hadronic and nuclear systems at the K1.8 beamline of J-PARC. Each ToF scintillator is 180 cm long with a cross-section of 8$$times$$3 cm$$^{2}$$ and is read out by H1949-50 photomultiplier tubes at both ends. The timing and attenuation properties of the scintillators are measured using cosmic-ray muons and $$beta$$ rays from $$^{90} {rm Sr}$$. The cosmic-ray muon events are triggered by three pairs of 120-cm-long plastic scintillators, sandwiching the ToF array. The intrinsic time resolutions of the scintillators are estimated to be in the range 60-100 ps, which is adequate for reliable separation between $$pi$$ and $$K$$ at 1.2 GeV/$$c$$. The attenuation length is measured to be approximately 210 cm, which is half that for a bulk scintillator.

口頭

Current status of double hypernuclear experiment at J-PARC

江川 弘行; 今井 憲一

no journal, , 

J-PARC E07実験はハイブリッドエマルジョン法を用いてダブルハイパー核を探索する実験である。この実験により過去の実験の約10倍の統計が得られると見積もられており、S=-2の物理に関して新たな知見が得られると期待される。J-PARC K1.8ビームラインに設置されたKURAMAスペクトロメータを用いて行なわれる予定で、現在はそのための検出器を開発中である。2014年6月にはELPHにて、$$e^+$$ビームを用いていくつかの検出器のテストも行っている。本発表では、ELPHでのテスト実験の結果も踏まえて、E07実験の現在の準備状況について述べる。

口頭

Double hypernuclei experiment with hybrid emulsion method (J-PARC E07)

江川 弘行; 今井 憲一

no journal, , 

Double hypernuclei are important probes to study the system with strangeness -2. In order to search for double hypernuclei, an upgrade experiment is planned at J-PARC K1.8 beam line. SSDs located the upstream and the downstream of emulsion plates will record $$Xi^{-}$$ tracks which flight toward emulsion plates precisely. Tracks in SSDs and emulsion will be automatically connected by a hybrid method. Discoveries of more than 10 new double hypernuclear species are expected, which enable us to discuss binding energy in terms of mass number dependence. On the other hand, we will also observe $$X$$ rays from $$Xi^{-}$$ atoms with a Germanium detector array installed close to the emulsion by tagging $$Xi^{-}$$ stopped events. Emulsion production has been completely done and a test experiment for some detectors of KURAMA spectrometer was carried out. In this talk, physics motivation and current status of the J-PARC E07 experiment will be reported.

口頭

Present status of emulsion experiments

佐甲 博之; 江川 弘行

no journal, , 

バリオン間の相互作用は中性子星の内部構造を理解する上で重要な研究対象である。その中で、ストレンジネス-1の要素については過去の豊富な実験データから理解が進んでいるが、S=-2の要素については実験的なデータがほとんどない。ハイペロン間の相互作用を研究するうえで、ダブルハイパー核の観測は有効な手段の一つである。ダブルハイパー核の質量をエマルションを用いて測定することで、$$LambdaLambda$$相互作用の情報を得ることができる。J-PARC E07実験はハイブリッドエマルション法を用いたダブルハイパー核の探索実験である。エマルションの解析にスペクトロメータの解析を組み合わせることで、顕微鏡による自動探索を行う。この発表では、E07実験の現在の準備状況について発表する。

口頭

ハイブリットエマルション法を用いたダブルハイパー核探索実験(J-PARC E07)

佐甲 博之; 江川 弘行

no journal, , 

バリオン間の相互作用の研究はハドロン物理の目的の一つで、u, d, sのクオークから成る軽い系の性質についてはSU(3)対称性を基に記述され、成功を収めている。ストレンジネス0, -1の系については豊富な実験データがあり研究が進んでいるが、-2の系については現状有用なデータは非常に少ない。ハイペロン同士の相互作用については寿命の短さから散乱実験が難しいため、ダブルハイパー核を研究するのが有効である。J-PARC E07実験ではダブルハイパー核をハイブリッドエマルション法によって探索する。本講演では、本照射を間近に控えたE07実験の現状について発表する。

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