Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 96(5), p.054327_1 - 054327_11, 2017/12
A detailed -decay spectroscopy study of Tl has been performed at ISOLDE (CERN). Z-selective ionization by the Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS) coupled to mass separation provided a high-purity beam of Tl. Fine-structure decays to excited levels in the daughter Au were identified and an -decay scheme of Tl was constructed based on an analysis of - and - - coincidences. Multipolarities of several -ray transitions deexciting levels in Au were determined. Based on the analysis of reduced -decay widths, it was found that all decays are hindered, which signifies a change of configuration between the parent and all daughter states.
Wilson, G. L.*; 武山 美麗*; Andreyev, A.; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Catford, W. N.*; Ghys, L.*; 羽場 宏光*; Heberger, F. P.*; Huang, M.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 96(4), p.044315_1 - 044315_7, 2017/10
The exotic decay process of -delayed fission has been studied in the neutron-deficient isotope Am at RIKEN, Japan. The Am nuclei were produced in the complete fusion reaction Pb(Al,4n)Am and separated by using the GARIS gas-filled recoil ion separator. A lower limit for the -delayed fission probability larger than 0.30 was deduced, which so far is the highest value among all known nuclei exhibiting this decay mode.
Truesdale, V. L.*; Andreyev, A.; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Sels, S.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_11, 2016/09
A nuclear-decay spectroscopy study of the neutron-deficient isotope At is reported where an isotopically pure beam was produced using the selective Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source and On-Line Isotope Mass Separator (CERN). The fine-structure decay of At allowed the low-energy excited states in the daughter nucleus Bi to be investigated. A -delayed fission study of At was also performed. A mixture of symmetric and asymmetric fission-fragment mass distributions of the daughter isotope Po (populated by decay of At) was deduced based on the measured fission-fragment energies. A DF probability (At) = 9(1)10 was determined.
Hofmann, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Mann, R.*; Maurer, J.*; Mnzenberg, G.*; Antalic, S.*; Barth, W.*; Burkhard, K. G.*; Dahl, L.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 52(6), p.180_1 - 180_34, 2016/06
The reaction Cr+Cm was investigated at the velocity filter SHIP at GSI with the intention to study production and decay properties of isotopes of element 120. Three correlated signals were measured, which occurred within a period of 279 ms. The heights of the signals correspond with the expectations for a decay sequence starting with an isotope of element 120. However, a complete decay chain cannot be established, since a signal from the implantation of the evaporation residue cannot be identified unambiguously. Measured properties of the event chain are discussed in detail. The result is compared with theoretical predictions. Previously measured decay properties of even element super-heavy nuclei were compiled in order to find arguments for an assignment from the systematics of experimental data. In the course of this review, a few tentatively assigned data could be corrected. New interpretations are given for results which could not be assigned definitely in previous studies. The discussion revealed that the cross-section for production of element 120 could be high enough so that a successful experiment seems possible with presently available techniques. However, a continuation of the experiment at SHIP for a necessary confirmation of the results obtained in a relatively short irradiation of five weeks is not possible at GSI presently. In the summary and outlook section we also present concepts for the continuation of research in the field of super-heavy nuclei.
Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Heberger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kalaninov, Z.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(6), p.064316_1 - 064316_12, 2016/06
Isomeric states in Po and Po were studied at the velocity filter SHIP. The isotopes were produced in the fusion-evaporation reactions Pr(Fe, )Po and Sm(V, )Po. Several new -ray transitions were attributed to the isomers and - coincidences for both isomers were studied for the first time. The 459-keV transition earlier, tentatively proposed as de-exciting the isomeric level in Po, was replaced by a new 248-keV transition, and the spin of this isomer was reassigned from (11) to (10). The de-excitation of the (11) isomeric level in Po by the 154-keV transition was confirmed and a parallel de-excitation by a 733-keV (E3) transition to (8) level of the ground-state band was suggested. Moreover, side feeding to the (4) level of the ground-state band was proposed. The paper also discusses strengths of transitions de-exciting 11 isomers in neighboring Po and Pb isotopes.
Hofmann, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Mann, R.*; Maurer, J.*; Mnzenberg, G.*; Antalic, S.*; Barth, W.*; Dahl, L.*; Eberhardt, K.*; Grzywacz, R.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 52(4), p.116_1 - 116_12, 2016/04
Shell-correction energies of super-heavy nuclei are approximated by using Q values of measured decay chains. Five decay chains were analyzed, which start at the isotopes Fl, 118, Lv, Lv and Lv. The data are compared with predictions of macroscopic-microscopic models. Fission barriers are estimated that can be used to eliminate uncertainties in partial fission half-lives and in calculations of evaporation-residue cross-sections. In that calculations, fission probability of the compound nucleus is a major factor contributing to the total cross-section. The data also provide constraints on the cross-sections of capture and quasi-fission in the entrance channel of the fusion reaction. Arguments are presented that fusion reactions for synthesis of isotopes of elements 118 and 120 may have higher cross-sections than assumed so far.
Diriken, J.*; Patronis, N.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Bildstein, V.*; Blazhev, A.*; Darby, I. G.*; De Witte, H.*; Eberth, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054321_1 - 054321_15, 2015/05
Excited states up to an excitation energy of 5.8 MeV were populated in the neutron-rich isotope Ni via the Ni(d,p) transfer reaction at REX-Isolde, CERN. In particular, single-neutron states above the N=40 sub-shell gap were populated, and the relative spectroscopic factors were extracted using distorted-wave Born approximation analysis. The positive parity g, d and s neutron orbits above the shell closure are assumed to induce strong quadrupole collectivity in neutron-rich Fe and Cr isotopes. The extracted relative spectroscopic factors show that the strength of the d orbit is mostly split over two states, hinting to substantial mixing of the neutron d configuration with collective modes of the core. The size of the N=50 shell gap was also estimated, and found to be 2.6 MeV near Ni, as also determined in lighter Ni isotopes.
Ghys, L.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*
Physical Review C, 91(4), p.044314_1 - 044314_7, 2015/04
The process of -delayed fission (DF) provides a versatile tool to study low-energy fission in nuclei far away from the -stability line, especially for nuclei which do not fission spontaneously. The aim of this paper is to investigate systematic trends in DF partial half-lives. A semi-phenomenological framework was developed to systematically account for the behavior of DF partial half-lives. The DF partial half-life appears to exponentially depend on the difference between the Q value for decay of the parent nucleus and the fission-barrier energy of the daughter (after decay) product. Such dependence was found to arise naturally from some simple theoretical considerations. This systematic trend was confirmed for experimental DF partial half-lives spanning over seven orders of magnitude when using fission barriers calculated from either the Thomas-Fermi or the liquid-drop fission model. The same dependence was also observed, although less pronounced, when comparing to fission barriers from the finite-range liquid-drop model or the Thomas-Fermi plus Strutinsky integral method.
Fink, D. A.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Bastin, B.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Flanagan, K. T.*; Ghys, L.*; et al.
Physical Review X, 5(1), p.011018_1 - 011018_15, 2015/01
A Laser Ion Source and Trap (LIST) for a thick-target, isotope-separation on-line facility has been implemented at CERN ISOLDE for the production of pure, laser-ionized, radioactive ion beams. The first physics application of the LIST enables the suppression of francium contamination in ion beams of neutron-rich polonium isotopes at ISOLDE by more than 1000 with a reduction in laser-ionization efficiency of only 20. Resonance ionization spectroscopy is performed directly inside the LIST device, allowing the study of the hyperfine structure and isotope shift of Po for the first time. Nuclear decay spectroscopy of Po is performed for the first time, revealing its half-life, -to--decay branching ratio, and -particle energy. This experiment demonstrates the applicability of the LIST at radioactive ion-beam facilities for the production and study of pure beams of exotic isotopes.
Diriken, J.*; Patronis, N.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Bildstein, V.*; Blazhev, A.*; Darby, I. G.*; De Witte, H.*; Eberth, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 736, p.533 - 538, 2014/09
The neutron orbits , d and s are assumed to be responsible for the swift onset of collectivity observed in the region below Ni. In order to gather information on the single-particle energies and spectroscopic factors of these orbitals, single-particle states in the nucleus Ni were populated using the reaction Ni(d,p), in inverse kinematics, at REX-ISOLDE, CERN. The new isotope was studied using combined particle- spectroscopy. Comparison with DWBA calculations, permitted the identification of positive parity states with a substantial amount of d (1007 keV) and d (2207 and 3277 keV) single-particle strength. Comparisons with extended Shell-Model calculations was also performed to confirm the single-particle nature of these states, and to deduce general properties around Ni.
Elseviers, J.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 88(4), p.044321_1 - 044321_13, 2013/10
The detailed analysis of the -delayed fission data of Tl is presented. The experiment was performed by producing a pure beam of Tl by means of highly selective resonance laser ionization followed by mass separation with the ISOLDE isotope separator. A surprising asymmetric mass distribution of fission fragments from Hg, the daughter of Tl decays, was obtained. Here, the energy calibration of the silicon detectors, which is crucial for a proper determination of the fission fragments' energy and mass split, is presented and the total kinetic energy and its dependence on the mass split ratio is discussed. A more precise -delayed fission probability of 3.2(2)10 was deduced.
Andreyev, A. N.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Qi, C.*; Liotta, R. J.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Franchoo, S.*; Heberger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 110(24), p.242502_1 - 242502_5, 2013/06
-decay data for more than 20 nuclei of the most neutron-deificient isotopes in the region from lead to thorium was obtained. The combined analysis allowed us for the first time to clearly show that crossing the Z=82 shell to higher proton numbers strongly accelerates the decay. The analysis support the conjecture that both the N=126 and Z=82 shell closures stongly influence the -formation probability.
Rothe, S.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Borschevsky, A.*; Capponi, L.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; De Witte, H.*; Eliav, E.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; et al.
Nature Communications (Internet), 4, p.1835_1 - 1835_6, 2013/05
The radioactive element astatine exists only in trace amounts in nature. Its properties can therefore only be explored by study of smallest quantities of artificially produced isotopes or by performing theoretical calculations. One of the most important properties influencing the chemical behaviour is the energy required to remove one electron from the valence shell, referred to as the ionization potential (IP). Here we use laser spectroscopy to probe the optical spectrum of astatine near the ionization threshold. The observed series of Rydberg states allowed the deduction of the IP of the astatine atom for the first time. New ab initio calculations were performed to support the experimental result. The measured value of IP(At) serves as a benchmark for quantum chemistry calculations of the properties of astatine as well as for the theoretical prediction of the ionization potential of super-heavy element 117, the heaviest homologue of astatine.
Andreyev, A. N.*; Liberati, V.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Fedorov, D.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 87(5), p.054311_1 - 054311_8, 2013/05
-decay studies of Tl and its dahghter products Au and Ir were carried out in two complementary experiments at the mass separator ISOLDE (CERN) and velocity filter SHIP (GSI). The nucluesu Au has decay properties of half-life 207 ms and -decay energy 6433 keV. The ground state spins and parities for Au and Ir were determined to be 1/2.
Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Bianco, L.*; Franchoo, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Heberger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kalaninov, Z.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014317_1 - 014317_8, 2013/01
By using the recoil-fission correlation technique, the exotic process of beta-delayed fission (DF) was unambiguously identified in the very neutron-deficient nuclei At in experiments at the velocity filter SHIP at Gesellschaft fr Schwerionenforschung (GSI). The upper limits for the total kinetic energy release in fission of Po, being the daughter of At after decay, were estimated. The possibility of an unusually high DF probability At is discussed.
Lane, J. F. W.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Gerl, J.*; Heberger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kettunen, H.*; Kleinbhl, A.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014318_1 - 014318_7, 2013/01
By using the technique of correlating implanted evaporation residues and their subsequent fission decay, -delayed fission (DF) of Bi has been identified for the first time and DF of Bi has been unambiguously confirmed. The experiments were performed at the velocity filter SHIP (GSI, Darmstadt). The DF probabilities for both nuclides were qualitatively estimated, and, in particular indications for a large value in the case of Bi are regarded.
Veselsk, M.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Mller, P.*; 西尾 勝久; Sierk, A. J.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Venhart, M.*
Physical Review C, 86(2), p.024308_1 - 024308_8, 2012/08
The recently measured probabilities of the beta-delayed fission for Tl are used to deduce the fission-barrier heights of the daughter isotopes Hg, undergoing low-energy fission. Four alternative -decay strength functions and four variants of the statistical model of de-excitation of the daughter nucleus are used to determine the fission-barrier height for Hg. Depending on the choice of the model, the deduced fission-barrier heights appear to be between 10 and 40% smaller than theoretical estimates. This observation is verified also for fission-barrier heights extracted using the probability of -delayed fission of Tl. The spread in extracted fission barrier heights results mainly from uncertainties in the magnitude of the pairing gap at the saddle configuration.
Hofmann, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Mann, R.*; Maurer, J.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Barth, B.*; Block, M.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.62_1 - 62_23, 2012/05
The synthesis of element 116 in the reactions of Ca+Cm was studied at the GSI-SHIP. Four decay chains from the isotope 116 and one decay 116 were detected at the reaction leading to the excitation energy of 40.9 MeV. The cross sections were 3.4 and 0.9 pb, respectively. The decay character reproduced the reported data at FLNR, Russia. In the decay chain, we observed the higher -particle energy in the decay of 114, which suggested the population and the decay of a quasiparitcle state.
Heberger, F. P.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Kalaninov, Z.*; Heinz, S.*; Hofmann, S.*; Streicher, B.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; et al.
European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.75_1 - 75_9, 2012/05
Nuclear structure and decay of the isotope No and its decay products Fm and Md were investigated by means of - spectroscopy. Besides the established strong transitions from the 9/2 Nilsson level in Fm, populated predominantly by the decay of No, into the ground-state(gs) rotational band, a couple of weaker lines were observed and placed into the Fm level scheme. The transition from the 7/2 level in Es, populated by the decay of Md, into the 9/2 member of the gs rotational band, so far established for other odd-mass Es isotopes, was observed clearly. The GEANT4 simulations were performed to investigate the influence of energy summing between particles and conversion electrons (CE) on the shape of the spectra at different implantation energies, leading to evidence for a weak decay branch of No into the gs of Fm or the ground-state rotational band, respectively.
西尾 勝久; 池添 博; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; 有友 嘉浩; Comas, V. F.*; Dllmann, Ch. E.*; Gorshkov, A.*; Graeger, R.*; et al.
EPJ Web of Conferences (Internet), 17, p.09005_1 - 09005_4, 2011/10
Fission fragment mass distributions after full momentum transfer of the projectile were measured in the reactions using a U target nucleus bombarded by Si, P, S, Ar, Ca projectiles. We observed a strong variation of the distribution as function of bombarding energy. The results were interpreted by the effects of nuclear deformation of the target nucleus on the competition between fusion and quasifission. The symmetric fission includes fusion-fission, wheres as the asymmetric fission represents quasifission. The fusion probabilities were determined with the help of fluctuation-dissipation model. The estimated evaporation residue cross sections (Sg and Hs) produced in Si + U and S+U reproduced the experimental data.