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論文

First observation of the decay of the 13/2$$^+$$ isomer in $$^{183}$$Hg and $$B$$(${it M}$2) systematics of neutron transitions across the nuclear chart

Huang, H.*; Zhang, W. Q.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Liu, Z.*; Seweryniak, D.*; Li, Z. H.*; Guo, C. Y.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Andel, B.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 833, p.137345_1 - 137345_8, 2022/10

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The decay of the 13/2$$^+$$ isomeric state in $$^{183}$$Hg was observed for the first time following the $$alpha$$ decay of the 13/2$$^+$$ isomer in $$^{187}$$Pb produced in the $$^{142}$$Nd$$(^{50}$$Cr$$, 2p3n)$$ reaction. Using $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ delayed coincidence measurements, the half-life of this isomer was measured to be 290(30) $$mu$$s. This isomer is proposed to deexcite by an unobserved low-energy $$M$$2 transition to the known 9/2$$^-$$ member of a strongly prolate-deformed 7/2$$^-$$[514] band, followed by a 105-keV $$M$$1 transition to the bandhead. A lower limit of B($$M$$2)$$geq$$0.018 W.u. was deduced for the unobserved transition. The presumed retardation is proposed to be due to the notable shape change between the initial, nearly spherical, and the final, strongly deformed, states. A similar scenario is also considered for the 13/2$$^+$$ isomer in $$^{181}$$Hg, suggesting both are cases of shape isomers. The B($$M$$2) systematics of neutron transitions across the nuclear chart is discussed.

論文

Decay modes of the 9/2$$^-$$ isomeric state in $$^{183}$$Tl

Venhart, M.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Cubiss, J. G.*; Wood, J. L.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Van Beveren, C.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; 他19名*

Physical Review C, 105(3), p.034338_1 - 034338_9, 2022/03

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:28.09(Physics, Nuclear)

The neutron-deficient region of isotopes around $$Z$$=82 is the best studied example of low-energy shape coexistence in nuclei. In this work, the internal transition decay and $$alpha$$ decay of the 53.3-ms isomeric state in $$^{183}$$Tl were studied at ISOLDE, CERN. The branching for the internal decay was measured to be 98.5(4)%, while the much weaker $$alpha$$decay branching is only about 1.4(4)%. The new results include the first identification of an $$E3$$ transition feeding the 3/2$$^+$$ excited state in $$^{183}$$Tl. Three $$alpha$$ decays from the $$^{183m}$$Tl isomer were also oserved, and revealed the population of a candidate 9/2$$^-$$ state in $$^{179}$$Au which has been linked to shape coexistence in the Au nuclei. It is expected that similarly weak $$alpha$$ decays from isomeric states may be found also in neighbouring Tl isotopes.

論文

Producing gold at ISOLDE-CERN

Barzakh, A. E.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Atanasov, D.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Harding, R. D.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; 他38名*

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 513, p.26 - 32, 2022/02

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Instruments & Instrumentation)

The yield of 18 beams of radioactive gold nuclei produced by irradiating the ISOLDE uranium target with 1.4-GeV protons was measured. The production-efficiency dependence on the half-life was derived using the in-target production calculations. Three release models were tested to describe the results. Irregularities in the efficiency curve for 3 long-lived high-spin gold isomers ($$^{187,191,193}$$Au$$^m$$) were found, which require further investigation.

論文

Charge radii, moments, and masses of mercury isotopes across the $$N$$=126 shell closure

Day Goodacre, T.*; Afanasjev, A. V.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Nies, L.*; Marsh, B. A.*; Sels, S.*; Perera, U. C.*; Ring, P.*; Wienholz, F.*; Andreyev, A. N.; et al.

Physical Review C, 104(5), p.054322_1 - 054322_18, 2021/11

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:85.56(Physics, Nuclear)

Combining laser spectroscopy with Penning-trap mass spectroscopy at the Isolde facility at CERN, the charge radii of neutron-rich mercury isotopes $$^{202,203,206,207,208}$$Hg were successfully measured. Furthermore, more precise values for the masses of $$^{206,207,208}$$Hg was obtained, as well as the magnetic moment of $$^{207}$$Hg. These results were used to understand the systematics of Hg isotopes across the $$N$$=126 shell closure. Comparison with covariant density functional theory calculations revealed that in particular the 1$$i_{11/2}$$ and 2$$g_{9/2}$$ neutron orbitals affect the evolution of charge radii.

論文

Large shape staggering in neutron-deficient Bi isotopes

Barzakh, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Raison, C.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; 他53名*

Physical Review Letters, 127(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_7, 2021/11

 被引用回数:23 パーセンタイル:90.14(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The changes in the mean-square charge radius (relative to $$^{209}$$Bi, magnetic moments and quadrupole moments of the neutron-deficient bismuth isotopes $$^{187,188,189,190}$$Bi were measured at ISOLDE (CERN). In the experiment, the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique was employed, which permits to study isotopes produced with rates as low as 0.1/sec. The radii of $$^{187.188.189}$$Bi manifest a large staggering, corresponding to a sudden increase of the radius of $$^{188}$$Bi relative to its $$^{187,189}$$Bi neighbors. This staggering effect occurs at neutron number $$N$$=105, where shape staggering was also observed in the mercury isotopes. Experimental results were compared with state-of-the-art mean-field calculations, which permit to identify the quasiparticle configurations compatible with the observed spin, parity and magnetic moment of the newly observed states.

論文

Laser-assisted nuclear decay spectroscopy of $$^{176,177,179}$$Au

Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; 他26名*

Physical Review C, 104(2), p.024326_1 - 024326_16, 2021/08

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:62.78(Physics, Nuclear)

A detailed nuclear spectroscopy study of $$^{176,177,179}$$Au was performed at ISOLDE, CERN. This work provides new insights into the low-lying levels in the daughter nuclei $$^{172,173,175}$$Ir. For $$^{176}$$Au, the nuclear magnetic moments of a high spin and low spin state were determined and used to predict the most likely configuration of each level. Their $$alpha$$-decay branching ratios were also extracted: a 58(5)% branching for the low-spin state, and 29(5)% for the high-spin state.

論文

Laser spectroscopy of neutron-rich $$^{207,208}$$Hg isotopes; Illuminating the kink and odd-even staggering in charge radii across the $$N$$ = 126 shell closure

Day Goodacre, T.*; Afanasjev, A. V.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Marsh, B. A.*; Sels, S.*; Ring, P.*; 中田 仁*; Andreyev, A. N.; 他36名*

Physical Review Letters, 126(3), p.032502_1 - 032502_7, 2021/01

 被引用回数:36 パーセンタイル:95.16(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

The charge radii of $$^{207,208}$$Hg have been studied for the first time and those of $$^{202,203,206}$$Hg remeasured by laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE (CERN). The characteristic kink in the charge radii at the $$N$$ = 126 shell closure has been revealed, providing the first information on its behavior below the $$Z$$ = 82 shell closure. By a theoretical analysis, it is demonstrated, contrary to previous interpretations, that both the kink at $$N$$ = 126 and the odd-even staggering can be described predominantly at the mean-field level and that pairing does not need to play a crucial role in their origin.

論文

Laser-assisted decay spectroscopy and mass spectrometry of $$^{178}$$Au

Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Manea, V.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; 他39名*

Physical Review C, 102(4), p.044332_1 - 044332_12, 2020/10

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:63.29(Physics, Nuclear)

A comprehensive study of the isotope $$^{178}$$Au has been made at the CERN-ISOLDE facility, using resonance laser ionization. Two long-lived states in $$^{178}$$Au were identified - a low-spin ground state and a high-spin isomer - each of which were produced as pure beams. Using the ISOLTRAP precision Penning trap, the excitation energy of the isomeric state in $$^{178}$$Au was determined to be $$E^{*} = $$ 189(14) keV. The $$alpha$$-decay fine structure patterns of the two states were studied using the Windmill decay station, providing information on the low-lying states in the daughter nucleus $$^{174}$$Ir. Nuclear spin assignments of $$I(^{178}$$Au$$^{g}) = (2,3)$$ and $$I(^{178}$$Au$$^{m}) = (7,8)$$ are made based on the observed $$beta$$-decay feeding and hyperfine structure intensity patterns.

論文

Laser-assisted decay spectroscopy for the ground states of $$^{180,182}$$Au

Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Atanasov, D.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; 他40名*

Physical Review C, 102(2), p.024312_1 - 024312_16, 2020/08

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:75.41(Physics, Nuclear)

A detailed nuclear spectroscopy study of $$^{180}$$Au was performed. An $$alpha$$-decay branching ratio of $$0.58(10)$$% and a half-life of $$7.2(5)$$s have been derived. The first measurement of the hyper fine structure for atomic transitions has been also performed, from which the magnetic dipole moment has been extracted. A spin assignment of $$(1^+)$$ is proposed for the ground state of $$^{180}$$Au, with a $$(pi3/2^-$$[532]$$timesnu5/2^-$$[512]$$)$$ configuration.

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission of isomers in $$^{188}$$Bi

Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.*; Al Monthery, M.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bissell, M. L.*; Chrysalidis, K.*; 他29名*

Physical Review C, 102(1), p.014319_1 - 014319_12, 2020/07

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:57.61(Physics, Nuclear)

$$beta$$-delayed fission ($$beta$$DF) decay of a low-spin (ls) and a high-spin (hs) isomer in $$^{188}$$Bi was studied at the ISOLDE facility at CERN. Their $$beta$$DF partial half-lives were determined: $$T_{rm 1/2p}$$, $$beta$$DF($$^{188}$$Bi$$^{hs}$$)= 5.6(8) $$times$$ 10$$^{3}$$ s and $$T_{rm 1/2p}$$, $$beta$$DF($$^{188}$$Bi$$^{ls}$$)=1.7(6) $$times$$ 10$$^{3}$$ s. This work is the first $$beta$$DF study of two states in one isotope and allows the spin dependence of low-energy fission to be explored. The fission fragment mass distribution of a daughter nuclide $$^{188}$$Pb, following the $$beta$$ decay of the high-spin isomer, was deduced and indicates a mixture of symmetric and asymmetric fission modes.

論文

Shape coexistence in $$^{187}$$Au studied by laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A. E.*; Atanasov, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Blaum, K.*; 他34名*

Physical Review C, 101(6), p.064321_1 - 064321_7, 2020/06

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:80.26(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shift of the $$9/2^{-}$$ isomeric state in $$^{187}$$Au relative to $$^{197}$$Au for the 267.6-nm atomic transition have been measured for the first time using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. The magnetic dipole moment and change in the mean-square charge radius for this $$9/2^{-}$$ isomer have been deduced. The observed large isomer shift relative to the $$1/2^{+}$$ ground state in $$^{187}$$Au confirms the occurrence of the shape coexistence in $$^{187}$$Au proposed earlier from the analysis of the nuclear spectroscopic data and particle plus triaxial rotor calculations. The analysis of the magnetic moment supports the previously proposed $$9/2^{-}$$, $$1/2^{-}$$[541] assignment at moderate prolate deformation for $$^{187}$$Au$$^{m}$$.

論文

Hyperfine anomaly in gold and magnetic moments of $$I^{pi}$$ = 11/2$$^{-}$$ gold isomers

Barzakh, A. E.*; Atanasov, D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Al Monthery, M.*; Althubiti, N. A.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Blaum, K.*; 他39名*

Physical Review C, 101(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_9, 2020/03

 被引用回数:26 パーセンタイル:94.75(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine-structure constants for the $$I^{pi}$$ = 11/2$$^{-}$$ gold isomers $$^{177,191,193,195}$$Au$$^{m}$$ have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source laser resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. From the measured hyperfine constants the differences between hyperfine anomalies have been deduced. These differential hyperfine anomaly values have been used to determine the hyperfine anomaly relative to the stable $$^{197}$$Au with advanced atomic calculations. Magnetic dipole moments for the gold isomers in question have been deduced, taking into account the corresponding relative hyperfine-anomaly values. It has been shown that the commonly used prescription for the extraction of the magnetic moment values for the gold isotopes should be reconsidered. The magnetic moments calculated by this prescription have been reevaluated by properly accounting for the hyperfine anomaly, which is as large as 10% for several gold isotopes.

論文

In-source laser spectroscopy of dysprosium isotopes at the ISOLDE-RILIS

Chrysalidis, K.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Ahmed, R.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ballof, J.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Harding, R. D.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 463, p.472 - 475, 2020/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:35.09(Instruments & Instrumentation)

放射壊変によって生成された多数のジスプロシウム同位体について、ISOLDEのレーザー共鳴イオン源(RILIS)を用いてイオン源内レーザー分光法によって研究した。$$^{152}$$Dyに対する相対的な同位体シフトを$$4f^{10}6s^{2}~^{5}I_{8}$$ (gs) $$rightarrow$$ $$4f^{10}6s6p~(8,1)^{o}_{8}$$共鳴遷移を用いて測定した。電子的因子Fとマスシフト因子Mを導出し、それらを使って$$^{rm 145m}$$Dyと$$^{rm 147m}$$Dyの平均自乗荷電半径の変化を初めて決定した。

論文

$$alpha$$-decay branching ratio of $$^{180}$$Pt

Cubiss, J. G.*; Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Althubiti, N.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Farooq-Smith, G. J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014314_1 - 014314_4, 2020/01

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:51.18(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{180}$$Ptの基底状態から娘核$$^{176}$$Osの基底状態への$$alpha$$崩壊分岐比を0.52(5)%と、過去の値と比較してより高精度で再決定した。$$^{180}$$PtはCERN-ISOLDE実験施設において$$^{180}$$Hgを単離し、その$$beta$$崩壊孫核種として生成した。今回の結果を用いて導出した$$alpha$$崩壊の換算崩壊幅は、中性子欠損Pt同位体の$$alpha$$崩壊幅の系統性について新しい描像を与えることとなった。

論文

$$alpha$$-decay properties of $$^{200,202}$$Fr

Ghys, L.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Cubiss, J.*; Derkx, X.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 100(5), p.054310_1 - 054310_13, 2019/11

 被引用回数:13 パーセンタイル:78.16(Physics, Nuclear)

The aim of this work was to investigate the $$alpha$$-decay properties of $$^{200,202}$$Fr and daughter products. Neutron-deficient francium nuclei are produced at ISOLDE-CERN bombarding a UCx target with 1.4 GeV protons. Due to the very high statistics and the high beam purity, improved decay data for $$^{202}$$Fr and its daughters were obtained. The observation of crossover transitions positioned the isomeric high-spin level of $$^{198}$$At at an excitation energy of 265(3) keV. Half-life values of 4.47(5) s and 1.28(10) s were extracted for the ground state and isomeric state of $$^{198}$$At and 52(3) ms for the ground-state decay of $$^{200}$$Fr.

論文

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{218}$$At

Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(6), p.064317_1 - 064317_6, 2019/06

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:52.65(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{218}$$Atの$$alpha$$崩壊について、CERN-ISOLDE施設においてレーザーイオン化法を使うことで研究した。$$alpha$$-$$gamma$$同時計数データを初めて取得し、より精度の良い半減期の値として1.27(6)秒を得た。$$alpha$$崩壊の微細構造を基に新しい$$alpha$$崩壊図式を構築した。それらの結果から、$$^{218}$$Atの基底状態のスピン・パリティは(3$$^{-}$$)がより確からしいことが解ったが、(2)$$^{-}$$の可能性も完全には否定しきれない。

論文

Inverse odd-even staggering in nuclear charge radii and possible octupole collectivity in $$^{217,218,219}$$At revealed by in-source laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Seliverstov, M. D.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Ascher, P.*; Atanasov, D.*; Beck, D.*; Biero$'n$, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054317_1 - 054317_9, 2019/05

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:76.08(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shifts for the 795-nm atomic transitions in $$^{217,218,219}$$At have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments, and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii, have been deduced. A large inverse odd-even staggering in radii, which may be associated with the presence of octupole collectivity, has been observed. Namely, the radius of the odd-odd isotope $$^{218}$$At has been found to be larger than the average.

論文

Change in structure between the $$I$$=1/2 states in $$^{181}$$Tl and $$^{177,179}$$Au

Cubiss, J. G.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Andreyev, A. N.; 他57名*

Physics Letters B, 786, p.355 - 363, 2018/11

 被引用回数:21 パーセンタイル:84.76(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The first accurate measurements of the $$alpha$$-decay branching ratio and half-life of the I$$^pi$$=1/2$$^{+}$$ ground state in $$^{181}$$Tl have been made, along with the first determination of the magnetic moments and I=1/2 spin assignments of the ground states in $$^{177,179}$$Au. The results are discussed within the complementary systematics of the reduced $$alpha$$-decay widths and nuclear g factors of low-lying, I$$^pi$$=1/2$$^{+}$$states in the neutron-deficient lead region. The findings shed light on the unexpected hindrance of the 1/2$$^{+}$$ $$rightarrow$$ 1/2$$^{+}$$, $$^{181}$$Tl$$^{g}$$ $$rightarrow$$ $$^{177}$$Au$$^{g}$$ $$alpha$$decay, which is explained by a mixing of $$pi$$3s$$_{1/2}$$and $$pi$$2d$$_{3/2}$$ configurations in $$^{177}$$Au$$^{g}$$, whilst $$^{181}$$Tl$$^{g}$$ remains a near-pure $$pi$$3s$$^{1/2}$$. This conclusion is inferred from the g factor of $$^{177}$$Au$$^{g}$$ which has an intermediate value between those of $$pi$$3s$$_{1/2}$$ and $$pi$$2d$$_{3/2}$$ states. A similar mixed configuration is proposed for the I$$^pi$$=1/2$$^{+}$$ ground state of $$^{179}$$Au. This mixing may provide evidence for triaxial shapes in the ground states in these nuclei.

論文

Detailed $$alpha$$-decay study of $$^{180}$$Tl

Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 96(5), p.054327_1 - 054327_11, 2017/12

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:26.98(Physics, Nuclear)

A detailed $$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy study of $$^{180}$$Tl has been performed at ISOLDE (CERN). Z-selective ionization by the Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS) coupled to mass separation provided a high-purity beam of $$^{180}$$Tl. Fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays to excited levels in the daughter $$^{176}$$Au were identified and an $$alpha$$-decay scheme of $$^{180}$$Tl was constructed based on an analysis of $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ and $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ -$$gamma$$ coincidences. Multipolarities of several $$gamma$$-ray transitions deexciting levels in $$^{176}$$Au were determined. Based on the analysis of reduced $$alpha$$-decay widths, it was found that all $$alpha$$ decays are hindered, which signifies a change of configuration between the parent and all daughter states.

論文

Changes in mean-squared charge radii and magnetic moments of $$^{179-184}$$Tl measured by in-source laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Fink, D. A.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(1), p.014324_1 - 014324_12, 2017/01

 被引用回数:26 パーセンタイル:88.25(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine structure and isotope shifts have been measured for the ground and isomeric states in the neutron deficient isotopes $$^{179-184}$$Tl using the 276.9 nm transition. The experiment has been performed at the CERN Isotope Separator On-Line facility using the in-source resonance-ionization laser spectroscopy technique. Spins for the ground states in $$^{179,181,183}$$Tl have been determined as $$I$$ = 1/2. Magnetic moments and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii have been deduced. By applying the additivity relation for magnetic moments of the odd-odd Tl nuclei the leading configuration assignments were confirmed. A deviation of magnetic moments for isomeric states in $$^{182,184}$$Tl from the trend of the heavier Tl nuclei is observed. The charge radii of the ground states of the isotopes $$^{179-184}$$Tl follow the trend for isotonic (spherical) lead nuclei. The noticeable difference in charge radii for ground and isomeric states of $$^{183,184}$$Tl has been observed, suggesting a larger deformation for the intruder-based 9/2$$^{-}$$ and 10$$^{-}$$ states compared to the ground states. An unexpected growth of the isomer shift for $$^{183}$$Tl has been found.

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