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論文

$$alpha$$ decay of $$^{243}$$Fm$$_{143}$$ and $$^{245}$$Fm$$_{145}$$, and of their daughter nuclei

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; Heinz, S.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Lommel, B.*; Mann, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 102(4), p.044312_1 - 044312_8, 2020/10

 被引用回数:0

Nuclear structure of $$^{243}$$Fm, $$^{245}$$Fm, and their daughter nuclei were investigated via detection of their radioactive decays, $$alpha$$, $$gamma$$, and spontaneous fission. Measured $$alpha$$-decay energies, half-lives, and branching ratios improve the literature data significantly. A signature for detection of the hitherto unknown $$^{235}$$Cm was found in the $$alpha$$-decay chains from $$^{243}$$Fm. Two groups of $$alpha$$ events with average energies of 6.69(2) MeV and 7.01(2) MeV and with a half-life of $$T_{1/2}$$ = 300$$^{+250}_{-100}$$, s are suggested to originate from $$^{235}$$Cm. Tentative decay schemes for $$^{243}$$Fm, $$^{239}$$Cf, $$^{235}$$Cm, and $$^{245}$$Fm, $$^{241}$$Cf isotopes are suggested based on the present experimental data. Systematical trends of single-particle states in $$N$$=141 isotones of $$Z$$ = 92-98 nuclei are discussed.

論文

Review of even element super-heavy nuclei and search for element 120

Hofmann, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Mann, R.*; Maurer, J.*; M$"u$nzenberg, G.*; Antalic, S.*; Barth, W.*; Burkhard, K. G.*; Dahl, L.*; Eberhardt, K.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 52(6), p.180_1 - 180_34, 2016/06

 被引用回数:91 パーセンタイル:7.53(Physics, Nuclear)

The reaction $$^{54}$$Cr+$$^{248}$$Cm was investigated at the velocity filter SHIP at GSI with the intention to study production and decay properties of isotopes of element 120. Three correlated signals were measured, which occurred within a period of 279 ms. The heights of the signals correspond with the expectations for a decay sequence starting with an isotope of element 120. However, a complete decay chain cannot be established, since a signal from the implantation of the evaporation residue cannot be identified unambiguously. Measured properties of the event chain are discussed in detail. The result is compared with theoretical predictions. Previously measured decay properties of even element super-heavy nuclei were compiled in order to find arguments for an assignment from the systematics of experimental data. In the course of this review, a few tentatively assigned data could be corrected. New interpretations are given for results which could not be assigned definitely in previous studies. The discussion revealed that the cross-section for production of element 120 could be high enough so that a successful experiment seems possible with presently available techniques. However, a continuation of the experiment at SHIP for a necessary confirmation of the results obtained in a relatively short irradiation of five weeks is not possible at GSI presently. In the summary and outlook section we also present concepts for the continuation of research in the field of super-heavy nuclei.

論文

The Reaction $$^{48}$$Ca + $$^{248}$$Cm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{296}$$116$$^{*}$$ studied at the GSI-SHIP

Hofmann, S.*; Heinz, S.*; Mann, R.*; Maurer, J.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Barth, B.*; Block, M.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.62_1 - 62_23, 2012/05

 被引用回数:122 パーセンタイル:1.31(Physics, Nuclear)

The synthesis of element 116 in the reactions of $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{248}$$Cm was studied at the GSI-SHIP. Four decay chains from the isotope $$^{292}$$116 and one decay $$^{293}$$116 were detected at the reaction leading to the excitation energy of 40.9 MeV. The cross sections were 3.4 and 0.9 pb, respectively. The decay character reproduced the reported data at FLNR, Russia. In the $$alpha$$ decay chain, we observed the higher $$alpha$$-particle energy in the decay of $$^{289}$$114, which suggested the population and the decay of a quasiparitcle state.

論文

Di-nuclear systems studied with the velocity filter SHIP

Heinz, S.*; Comas, V.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; Gan, Z.*; Heredia, J.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Kindler, B.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 38(2), p.227 - 232, 2008/11

 被引用回数:22 パーセンタイル:20.83(Physics, Nuclear)

Various nuclear reactions like quasi-fission, fusion-fission or particle and cluster evaporation from excited compound nuclei were studied in heavy-ion reactions by using the velocity filter SHIP of GSI. The velocity distributions were measured for the heavier nuclei produced by bombarding $$^{25}$$Mg, $$^{64}$$Ni to the target nuclei $$^{206,207}$$Pb at energies of 5.9 MeV/A and 8.7 MeV/A. In addition to the evaporation residues produced in the fusion reactions, we found evidence for rotation and quasi-fission of nuclear molecules. The break-up of the systems showed a preferred clustering leading to isotopes in the region 84 $$le$$ $$Z$$ $$le$$ 88 and 122 $$le$$ $$N$$ $$le$$ 127.

論文

Spontaneous fission of neutron-deficient fermium isotopes and the new nucleus $$^{241}$$Fm

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Hofmann, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; Heinz, S.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Lommel, B.*; Mann, R.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 37(2), p.177 - 183, 2008/08

 被引用回数:24 パーセンタイル:19.94(Physics, Nuclear)

Spontaneous fission of neutron-deficient fermium isotopes with neutron number N$$<$$144 was investigated. The nuclei were produced in fusion-evaporation reactions of $$^{40}$$Ar beams with $$^{204,206-208}$$Pb targets. The new isotope $$^{241}$$Fm was identified, and the half-life 0.73 ms was determined. The half-life was significantly longer than the neighboring even-even isotopes $$^{242,244}$$Fm, and the hindrance factor were calculated by the to be 1.1$$times$$10$$^{4}$$ for $$^{241}$$Fm and 5.2$$times$$10$$^{4}$$ for $$^{243}$$Fm, being associated with the lower tunneing probability for nuclei having nuclear spins. The result suggests also the possible production and detection of $$^{239,237}$$Fm becalsue of the stabilization against spontaneous fission.

論文

Isomeric states in $$^{214}$$Th and $$^{213}$$Th

Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Hofmann, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; Heinz, S.*; Kindler, B.*; Lisetskiy, A. F.*; Lommel, B.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 34(4), p.355 - 361, 2007/12

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:47.56(Physics, Nuclear)

Isomeric states in $$^{214}$$Th and $$^{213}$$Th were produced in the fusion-evaporation reactions of $$^{54}$$Cr + $$^{164}$$Dy and identified by means of $$gamma$$-rays from the isomeric states. The life-times were determined by measureing the time difference between the signals of the implanted evaporation residues ($$^{213,214}$$Th) and the $$gamma$$-rays signals, and were obtained to be 1.24 $$mu$$s for $$^{214}$$Th and 1.4 $$mu$$s for $$^{213}$$Th. The proton configuration betweens the orbitals of 1h$$_{9/2}$$ and 2f$$_{7/2}$$ was assigned to the isomeric states in $$^{214}$$Th.

論文

The Reaction $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{238}$$U $$rightarrow$$ $$^{286}$$112$$^{*}$$ studied at the GSI-SHIP

Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; Comas, V. F.*; Dressler, R.*; Gan, Z.*; Heinz, S.*; Heredia, J. A.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 32(3), p.251 - 260, 2007/06

 被引用回数:221 パーセンタイル:0.35(Physics, Nuclear)

The fusion reaction of $$^{48}$$Ca projectiles with$$^{238}$$U target nuclei was studied at the velocity filter SHIP of GSI. Two decay chains were measured, which fully confirm data that were previously assigned to the isotope $$^{283}$$112 in experiments at the Flerov Laboratory in Dubna. Two other events are consistent with a 50% spontaneous fission (SF) branch of this isotope. The mean value obtained for the half-life of $$^{283}$$112 is (6.9$$^{+6.9}_{-2.3}$$) s, the $$alpha$$ energy is (9.520$$pm$$0.015) MeV, and the total kinetic energy (TKE) of SF is (238$$pm$$14) MeV. The half-life of the $$alpha$$ decay daughter nucleus $$^{279}$$Ds is (0.18$$^{+0.32}_{-0.07}$$) s, and the TKE of SF is (210$$^{+32}_{-11}$$) MeV. The cross-section deduced from all four events is (0.72$$^{+0.58}_{-0.35}$$) pb, measured at an excitation energy of 34.6 MeV of the compound nucleus $$^{286}$$112.

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