Jentschel, M.*; Blanc, A.*; de France, G.*; Kster, U.*; Leoni, S.*; Mutti, P.*; Simpson, G.*; Soldner, T.*; Ur, C.*; Urban, W.*; et al.
Journal of Instrumentation (Internet), 12(11), p.P11003_1 - P11003_33, 2017/11
A highly efficient array of high-purity germanium (HPGe) detectors was developed and operated at the cold neutron beam facility PF1B of the Institut Laue-Langevin (ILL) to carry out nuclear structure studies, via measurements of -rays following neutron-induced capture and fission reactions. The setup consisted of a collimation system producing a pencil beam with a thermal capture equivalent flux of about 10nscm at the target position and negligible neutron halo. The target was surrounded by an array of eight to ten anti-Compton shielded EXOGAM Clover detectors, four to six anti-Compton shielded large coaxial GASP detectors and two standard Clover detectors. For a part of the campaign the array was combined with 16 LaBr:(Ce) detectors from the FATIMA collaboration.
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 772, p.483 - 488, 2017/09
A new high-spin isomer in the neutron-rich nucleus Cd was populated in the projectile fission of a U beam at the Radioactive Isotope Beam Factory at RIKEN. A half-life of T = 6.3(8) ms was measured for the new state which was tentatively assigned a spin/parity of (15). The isomeric state decays via the emission of a 309-keV ray with multipolarity. The experimental results are compared to shell model calculations performed using state-of-the-art realistic effective interactions and to the neighbouring nucleus Cd. The comparison with calculations shows that adjustments of the pairing and multipole parts of the effective interaction derived from the CD-Bonn nucleon-nucleon potential are required in order to describe the properties of nuclei in the region around Sn.
Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P. A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Taprogge, J.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 94(2), p.024303_1 - 024303_8, 2016/08
The decay of the semi-magic nucleus Cd has been studied at the RIBF facility at the RIKEN Nishina Center. The high statistics of the present experiment allowed for a revision of the established level scheme of In and the observation of additional feeding to high lying core-excited states in In. The experimental results are compared to shell-model calculations employing a model space consisting of the full major neutron and proton shells, and good agreement is found.
Jungclaus, A.*; Gargano, A.*; Grawe, H.*; Taprogge, J.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 93(4), p.041301_1 - 041301_6, 2016/04
For the first time, the decay of excited states in a nucleus situated "south-east" of Sn have been observed, in a region where experimental information is limited to ground-state properties. Six rays from Cd, produced in the fragmentation of a U beam at RIBF at RIKEN. The rays were studied using the EURICA array of Ge detectors. The new experimental information is compared to results from realistic shell-model calculations, which are the first in this region far from stability. Comparison with calculations suggests that at least four out of six new transitions can be attributed to the particle-hole configuration of one neutron in the and one proton hole in the orbits, respectively. This work constitutes an important first step towards the exploration of nuclear structure in this unknown region of the nuclear chart.
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054324_1 - 054324_11, 2015/05
The decay of Cd, produced in relativistic fission of a U beam, was studied at the RIKEN Nishina Center. From the -ray analysis, 31 excited states and 69 ray transitions were established in the level scheme of In, and compared with state-of-the-art shell-model calculations. It was found that the decay of Cd is dominated by Gamow teller transitions, but a non-negligible contribution to the decay is also made by first-forbidden transitions. To estimate the contribution of first-forbidden transitions is important for calculations of the -decay half-lives of nuclei in this region.
Lorusso, G.*; 西村 俊二*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Shimizu, Y.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Watanabe, H.*; Browne, F.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 114(19), p.192501_1 - 192501_7, 2015/05
The -decay half-lives of 110 neutron-rich isotopes of the elements from Rb to Sn were measured at the RIBF Facility at RIKEN, Japan. The new data demonstrate the persistence of shell structure far from stability and have direct implications for the -process calculations. In particular, the new half-lives have a global impact on the calculated -process elemental abundances, and alleviate the underproduction of isotopes just above and below the A=130 peak, which in the past required the introduction of shell structure modifications. Reaction-network calculations based on the new data reinforce the notion that the r-process abundance pattern may result from the freeze-out of a (n,)(,n) equilibrium.
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Xu, Z. Y.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Ncher, E.*; Simpson, G. S.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; et al.
Physics Letters B, 738, p.223 - 227, 2014/11
The decay of an isomeric state in the neutron-rich nucleus Cd was observed via the detection of internal conversion and Compton electrons. This measurement provided the first experimental information on excited states in this nucleus. The isomer was populated in the projectile fission of a U beam at the RIBF facility at RIKEN. From the measured yields of rays and internal conversion electrons, E3 multipolarity was tentatively assigned to the isomeric transition. A half-life of 3.6(2) ms was determined for this new state which, by comparison with shell-model calculations, was tentatively assigned a spin of (21/2).
Simpson, G. S.*; Gey, G.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Taprogge, J.*; 西村 俊二*; Sieja, K.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 113(13), p.132502_1 - 132502_6, 2014/09
Delayed -ray cascades, originating from the decay of 6 isomeric states, in the very neutron-rich, semimagic isotopes Sn were observed following the projectile fission of a U beam at RIBF, RIKEN. The wave functions of these isomeric states are proposed to be predominantly a fully aligned pair of f neutrons. Shell-model calculations, performed using a realistic effective interaction, reproduce well the energies of the excited states of these nuclei and the measured transition rates, with the exception of the 2;6) rate of Sn, which deviates from a simple seniority scheme. Empirically reducing the orbit matrix elements produces a 4+1 state with almost equal seniority 2 and 4 components, correctly reproducing the experimental 2;6) rate of Sn. These data provide a key benchmark for shell-model interactions far from stability.
Watanabe, H.*; Lorusso, G.*; 西村 俊二*; Otsuka, T.*; Ogawa, K.*; Xu, Z. Y.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Li, Z.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 113(4), p.042502_1 - 042502_6, 2014/07
A new isomer with a half-life of 23.0(8) ms has been identified in Pd at 2406 keV excitation. The proposed spin and parity configuration is 10, with maximally aligned configuration of two neutron hole. -decay from the long-lived isomer was also observed to populated excited states at high spins in Ag. The small energy difference between the 10 and 7 isomers in Pd was interpreted in the frame of the monopole shift of the 1 neutron orbit. The effects of the monopole interaction on the evolution of single-neutron energies below Sn are discussed in terms of central and tensor forces.
Taprogge, J.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Grawe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Doornenbal, P.*; Lorusso, G.*; Simpson, G.*; Sderstrm, P.-A.*; 炭竃 聡之*; Xu, Z. Y.*; et al.
Physical Review Letters, 112(13), p.132501_1 - 132501_6, 2014/04
A low-lying state in In, the one-proton hole nucleus with respect to double magic Sn, was observed by its decay to the beta emitting isomer. The new state, which was populated both in the beta decay of Cd and after beta-delayed neutron emission from Cd, was identified, at an excitation energy of 1353 keV, as the previously unknown single-hole state with respect to the Sn core. Exploiting this crucial new experimental information, shell-model calculations were performed to study the structure of experimentally inaccessible =82 isotones below Sn. The results evidence a surprising absence of proton subshell closures along the chain of =82 isotones. This finding bears consequences on the evolution of the =82 shell gap along the r-process path.