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論文

Neutron diffraction study on full-shape Japanese sword

Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Grazzi, F.*; 篠原 武尚; 田中 眞奈子*

Materialia, 7, p.100377_1 - 100377_9, 2019/09

A mapping measurement using pulsed neutron diffraction with time-of-flight method is performed on a full-shape Japanese sword made in Keicho era (1596-1615) to elucidate the manufacturing process. The obtained diffraction patterns are analyzed by the Rietveld refinement and a line profile analysis. The constituent phases in the area closer to the back of the blade (ridge) are found to be ferrite and cementite, composing pearlite, while the area close to the edge is composed by martensite and austenite. The distributions of constituent phases are well explained with the distributions of dislocation density and crystallite size. The carbon contents and the residual macroscopic stresses are estimated from the obtained phase fractions and lattice parameters.

論文

Investigation of microstructure in additive manufactured Inconel 625 by spatially resolved neutron transmission spectroscopy

Tremsin, A. S.*; Gao, Y.*; Dial, L. C.*; Grazzi, F.*; 篠原 武尚

Science and Technology of Advanced Materials, 17(1), p.324 - 336, 2016/07

 被引用回数:15 パーセンタイル:36.18(Materials Science, Multidisciplinary)

Non-destructive testing techniques based on neutron imaging and diffraction can provide information on the internal structure of relatively thick metal samples (up to several cm), which are opaque to other conventional non-destructive methods. Spatially resolved neutron transmission spectroscopy is an extension of traditional neutron radiography, where multiple images are acquired simultaneously, each corresponding to a narrow range of energy. The analysis of transmission spectra enables studies of bulk microstructures at the spatial resolution comparable to the detector pixel. In this study we demonstrate the possibility of imaging (with about 100 $$mu$$ m resolution) distribution of some microstructure properties, such as residual strain, texture, voids and impurities in Inconel 625 samples manufactured with an additive manufacturing method called direct metal laser melting (DMLM).

口頭

Microstructural characterization of a Japanese sword using neutron diffraction

Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; 篠原 武尚; Grazzi, F.*

no journal, , 

Japanese swords are paid great admiration in the world as the honour of classical technology and of the beautiful art. A mapping measurement using pulsed neutron diffraction (ND) with time-of-flight (TOF) method is suitable for the non-destructive microstructural studies in Japanese swords because of the high penetration ability of neutron and the simultaneous measurement of multiple Bragg peaks. The microstructural observation in a Japanese sword made in Keicho era (1596-1615) was performed by an ND mapping using TAKUMI, a TOF neutron diffractometer for engineering materials studies at J-PARC. The distributions of phase, lattice constant, residual strain, phase fraction, dislocation density and crystallite size were evaluated from the ND patterns. The details will be reported.

口頭

Archaeometallurgy study of Japanese sword using neutron diffraction

Harjo, S.; 及川 健一; 川崎 卓郎; Grazzi, F.*; 篠原 武尚; 田中 眞奈子*; Pham, A.*; 森戸 茂一*; 鬼柳 善明*; 伊藤 正和*

no journal, , 

We used neutron diffraction mapping measurements to elucidate the Japanese sword's microstructure and discuss the manufacturing procedures. Mapping measurements using pulsed neutron diffraction with time-of-flight method were performed on a full-shape and test pieces of Japanese sword. The obtained diffraction patterns are analyzed by the Rietveld refinement and a line profile analysis. The constituent phases in the area closer to the back of the blade (ridge) are found to be ferrite and cementite, composing pearlite, while the area close to the edge is composed by martensite and austenite. The distributions of constituent phases are well explained with the distributions of dislocation density and crystallite size.

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