高橋 治*; 渋井 洋平*; 徐 平光; Harjo, S.; 鈴木 徹也*; 友田 陽*
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 4(1), p.16_1 - 16_15, 2020/03
The characteristics of texture and microstructure of lean duplex stainless steels with low Ni content produced through hot rolling followed by annealing were investigated locally with electron backscatter diffraction and globally with neutron diffraction. Then, the ductile-brittle transition (DBT) behavior was studied by Charpy impact test. It is found that the DBT temperature (DBTT) is strongly affected by the direction of crack propagation, depending on crystallographic texture and microstructural morphology; the DBTT becomes extremely low in the case of fracture accompanying delamination. A high Ni duplex stainless steel examined for comparison, shows a lower DBTT compared with the lean steel in the same crack propagating direction. The obtained results were also discussed through comparing with those of cast duplex stainless steels reported previously (Takahashi et al., Tetsu-to-Hagane, 100(2014), 1150).
山下 享介; 諸岡 聡; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; 古賀 紀光*; 梅澤 修*
Scripta Materialia, 177, p.6 - 10, 2020/03
neutron diffraction measurements during tensile tests at low temperatures of a low alloy steel containing retained austenite have been performed. Evolutions of phase fractions and phase stresses were analyzed and discussed with the progress of deformation. The role of austenite in the steel during deformation at low temperatures was observed not to directly in the contribution to the strengths but in the improvement of the elongation by transformation of austenite to martensite -and in the increasing of the work-hardening rate by an increase in the phase fraction of martensite and the work hardening of martensite.
直江 崇; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Xiong, Z.*; 二川 正敏
JPS Conference Proceedings (Internet), 28, p.061009_1 - 061009_6, 2020/02
及川 健一; 鬼柳 善明*; 佐藤 博隆*; 大前 良磨*; Pham, A.*; 渡辺 賢一*; 松本 吉弘*; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; Harjo, S.; et al.
Materials Research Proceedings, Vol.15, p.207 - 213, 2020/02
Japanese swords are very attractive not only as a work of art but also a metallurgical point of view. Since Japanese vintage swords became valuable, it is indispensable to establish non-destructive analysis method to identify some peculiar characteristics. Bragg edge imaging gives real-space distributions of bulk information in a crystalline material as well as neutron tomography. In this work, we investigated crystallographic information of a Japanese sword made by Sukemasa in Izumi province in the first quarter of the 16th century. The experiments have been performed at RADEN at J-PARC. The Sukemasa sword was measured with a counting-type 2D detector and with a CCD camera. We are now analyzing the measured 2D-transmission spectra using RITS code to obtain spatial distribution of the crystallite size, the texture variation, the d110 shift and its broadening. Complementary data analysis using white beam tomography is also on going. Detailed analysis results will be presented.
Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Grazzi, F.*; 篠原 武尚; 田中 眞奈子*
Materialia, 7, p.100377_1 - 100377_9, 2019/09
A mapping measurement using pulsed neutron diffraction with time-of-flight method is performed on a full-shape Japanese sword made in Keicho era (1596-1615) to elucidate the manufacturing process. The obtained diffraction patterns are analyzed by the Rietveld refinement and a line profile analysis. The constituent phases in the area closer to the back of the blade (ridge) are found to be ferrite and cementite, composing pearlite, while the area close to the edge is composed by martensite and austenite. The distributions of constituent phases are well explained with the distributions of dislocation density and crystallite size. The carbon contents and the residual macroscopic stresses are estimated from the obtained phase fractions and lattice parameters.
河村 聖子; 服部 高典; Harjo, S.; 池田 一貴*; 宮田 登*; 宮崎 司*; 青木 裕之; 渡辺 真朗; 坂口 佳史*; 奥 隆之
Neutron News, 30(1), p.11 - 13, 2019/05
日本の中性子散乱施設の特徴のひとつとして、循環型冷凍機のように頻繁に使われる試料環境(SE)機器は各装置の担当者が整備していることが挙げられる。装置担当者は、ユーザー実験の際、装置自体だけでなく、これらのSE機器の運用も行う。このような運用には、SE機器を装置にあわせて最適化できユーザーの要求を直接きくことができるというメリットがある。一方で、MLFのSEチームは、より高度なSE機器を使った実験を可能にするため、共通のSE機器を整備している。本レポートでは、最近のMLFにおけるSE機器の現状が紹介される。中性子装置BL11, BL19, BL21, BL17で用いられるSE機器と、SEチームによって最近整備された機器に焦点をあてる。
中島 健次; Harjo, S.; 山田 悟史*; 及川 健一; 梶本 亮一
JAEA-Review 2018-032, 43 Pages, 2019/02
及川 健一; Su, Y.; 鬼柳 亮嗣; 川崎 卓郎; 篠原 武尚; 甲斐 哲也; 廣井 孝介; Harjo, S.; Parker, J. D.*; 松本 吉弘*; et al.
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.436 - 442, 2018/12
We are promoting for practical product observation by the energy-resolved neutron imaging method using high-intensity pulsed neutrons at J-PARC, under the Photon and Quantum Basic Research Coordinated Development Program from the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, Japan. Bragg edge imaging, one of the energy-resolved neutron imaging methods for visualizing material properties, was applied to feasibility study of the temperature distribution of copper rod, complementary study of the texture and strain distribution of bent steel plates using neutron diffraction and EBSD, and so on. Outline of results obtained by these imaging experiments will be presented.
阿部 淳*; 関根 孝太郎*; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; 相澤 一也
Physica B; Condensed Matter, 551, p.283 - 286, 2018/12
Our previous neutron diffraction measurements investigated strain accumulation mechanism(s) in rock materials under uniaxial compression. This technique, when applied to metallic materials, is suffered by surface effects, gauge volume size effects, and/or incident beam divergence that induce pseudo-strain. Knowledge of the pseudo-strain is therefore necessary for precise evaluation of strain value in a stressed rock material. This work investigated the effects of gauge volume and incident neutron beam divergence on pseudo-strain in rock materials via neutron diffraction experiments performed on three types of sandstone. Spurious peak shifts appeared depending on the gauge volume or incident neutron beam divergence. These peak shifts were inferred to be derived from the difference between a neutron-weighted center of gravity position and a geometric center of the gauge volume position. However, changing the gauge volume height did not cause shift in the peak position.
Wang, B.*; He, H.*; Naeem, M.*; Lan, S.*; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; Nie, Y.*; Wang, X.-L.*; 他7名*
Scripta Materialia, 155, p.54 - 57, 2018/10
The deformation behavior of an equi-atomic face-centered-cubic CoCrFeNi high entropy alloy was investigated by in-situ neutron diffraction under tensile loading up to 40% applied strain. A three-stage deformation behavior was fully captured by lattice strain and texture evolution. In spite of the chemical complexity, the deformation in CoCrFeNi is dominated by dislocation activities. Analysis of diffraction and microscopy data shows that the deformation progresses from dislocation slip to severe entanglement, where a sharp increase in dislocation density was observed. The neutron diffraction data, corroborated by transmission electron microscopy analysis, provided microscopic insights of the previously reported three-stage hardening behavior.
川崎 卓郎; 稲村 泰弘; 伊藤 崇芳*; 中谷 健; Harjo, S.; Gong, W.*; 相澤 一也
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51(3), p.630 - 634, 2018/06
A time-resolved time-of-flight neutron diffraction technique to characterize the structural properties of materials during cyclic tests has been developed. By adopting the developed technique, the behaviors of the crystal lattice and domains of the piezoelectric material in a multilayer-type piezoelectric actuator driven by a cyclic electric field were evaluated. The variation in diffraction intensity during the application of a cyclic electric field was obtained successfully, and the hysteresis-like behaviors of both the lattice strain and the 90 domain switching were revealed.
徐 平光; Harjo, S.; 小島 真由美*; 鈴木 裕士; 伊藤 崇芳*; Gong, W.; Vogel, S. C.*; 井上 純哉*; 友田 陽*; 相澤 一也; et al.
Journal of Applied Crystallography, 51(3), p.746 - 760, 2018/06
Neutron diffraction texture measurements provide bulk textures with excellent grain statistics even for large grained materials, together with the crystallographic parameters and microstructure information such as phase fractions, coherent crystallite size, root mean square microstrain, macroscopic/intergranular stress/strain. The procedure for high stereographic resolution texture and residual stress evaluation was established at the TAKUMI engineering materials diffractometer. The pole figure evaluation of a limestone standard sample with a trigonal crystal structure suggested that the obtained precision for texture measurement is comparable with the oversea well-established neutron beam lines utilized for texture measurements. A high strength martensite-austenite multilayered steel was employed for further verification of the reliability of simultaneous Rietveld analysis of multiphase textures and macro stress tensors. By using a geometric mean micro-mechanical model, the macro stress tensor analysis with a plane stress assumption showed a RD-TD in-plane compressive stress (about -330 MPa) in martensite layers and a RD-TD in-plane tensile stress (about 320 MPa) in austenite layers. The phase stress partitioning was ascribed to the additive effect of volume expansion during martensite transformation and the linear contraction misfit during water quenching.
鈴木 裕士; 楠 浩一*; 佐竹 高祐*; 兼松 学*; 小山 拓*; 丹羽 章暢*; 椛山 健二*; 向井 智久*; 川崎 卓郎; Harjo, S.
非破壊検査, 67(4), p.180 - 186, 2018/04
諏訪 友音*; 辺見 努*; 齊藤 徹*; 高橋 良和*; 小泉 徳潔*; Luzin, V.*; 鈴木 裕士; Harjo, S.
IEEE Transactions on Applied Superconductivity, 28(3), p.6001104_1 - 6001104_4, 2018/04
NbSn strands, whose properties are very sensitive to stress/strain, are utilized for ITER cable-in-conduit conductor (CICC) of the central solenoids. The NbSn strands experience temperature range of 1000 K from the temperature of the heat treatment with the initiation of the NbSn reaction to the operation temperature of 4 K. Due to this large temperature range, large thermal strain is induced in the NbSn filaments due to the differences between the coefficients of thermal expansion and Young's moduli of the components of the strand. Therefore, it is considered that initial performance of the CICC is influenced by the thermal strain on the NbSn, and it is important to evaluate the strain state of the NbSn strand at low temperature. In this study, the thermal strain of the components of free NbSn strand was measured by neutron diffraction and stress/strain state was assessed from room temperature to low temperature. As the results of diffraction measurements, it was found that 0.111 % and 0.209 % compressive strain were generated in NbSn filaments at 300 and 10 K, respectively.
中村 良彦*; 柴田 曉伸*; Gong, W.*; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; 伊東 篤志*; 辻 伸泰*
Proceedings of International Conference on Martensitic Transformations: Chicago, p.155 - 158, 2018/04
The microstructure evolution of medium manganese steel (Fe-5Mn-2Si-0.1C (wt%)) during thermo-mechanical processing in ferrite + austenite two-phase region was investigated by in situ neutron diffraction analysis and microstructure observations. When the specimens were isothermally held at a temperature of 700C, the fraction of reversely transformed austenite increased gradually with an increase in the isothermal holding time. However, it did not reach the equilibrium fraction of austenite even after isothermal holding for 10 ks. On the other hand, the fraction of reversely transformed austenite increased rapidly after the compressive deformation at a strain rate of 1 s at 700C and reached the equilibrium state during subsequent isothermal holding for around 3 ks.
牟田 浩明*; 西金 遼二*; 安藤 祐介*; 松永 純治*; 坂本 寛*; Harjo, S.; 川崎 卓郎; 大石 佑治*; 黒崎 健*; 山中 伸介*
Journal of Nuclear Materials, 500, p.145 - 152, 2018/03
Precipitation of brittle zirconium hydrides deteriorate the fracture toughness of the fuel cladding tubes of light water reactor. In the present study, to elucidate relationship between mechanical properties and microstructure, two -phase zirconium hydrides and one -phase zirconium hydride were carefully fabricated considering volume changes at the metal-to-hydride transformation. The -hydride that was fabricated from -zirconium exhibits numerous inner cracks due to the large volume change. Analyses of the neutron diffraction pattern and electron backscatter diffraction (EBSD) data show that the sample displays significant stacking faults in the plane and in the pseudo-layered microstructure. On the other hand, the -hydride sample fabricated from -zirconium at a higher temperature displays equiaxed grains and no cracks.
土田 紀之*; Harjo, S.
Proceedings of International Conference on Martensitic Transformations: Chicago, p.43 - 46, 2018/00
In order to investigate TRIP (transformation induced plasticity) effect in different deformation style, a room temperature creep test under the constant load was conducted by using a TRIP-aided multi-microstructure steel. As a result, the volume fraction of deformation-induced martensite in the constant load creep test was larger than that in the tensile test. In situ neutron diffraction experiments during the constant load creep test were performed to discuss its reason. It is found from the in situ neutron diffraction experiments during the constant load creep tests that the phase strain of the austenite phase in the creep tests was larger than that in the tensile tests at the same applied stress.
佐藤 成男*; 黒田 あす美*; 佐藤 こずえ*; 熊谷 正芳*; Harjo, S.; 友田 陽*; 齋藤 洋一*; 轟 秀和*; 小貫 祐介*; 鈴木 茂*
鉄と鋼, 104(4), p.201 - 207, 2018/00
To investigate the characteristics of dislocation evolution in ferritic and austenitic stainless steels under tensile deformation, neutron diffraction line-profile analysis was carried out. The austenitic steel exhibited higher work hardening than the ferritic steel. The difference in the work hardening ability between the two steels was explained with the dislocation density estimated by the line-profile analysis. The higher dislocation density of the austenitic steel would originate from its lower stacking fault energy. Dislocation arrangement parameters indicated that the strength of interaction between dislocations in the austenitic steel was stronger than that in the ferritic steel.
中島 健次; 川北 至信; 伊藤 晋一*; 阿部 淳*; 相澤 一也; 青木 裕之; 遠藤 仁*; 藤田 全基*; 舟越 賢一*; Gong, W.*; et al.
Quantum Beam Science (Internet), 1(3), p.9_1 - 9_59, 2017/12
Harjo, S.; 土田 紀之*; 阿部 淳*; Gong, W.*
Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.15149_1 - 15149_11, 2017/11
Two TRIP-aided multiphase steels with different carbon contents were analyzed in situ during tensile deformation by time-of-flight neutron diffraction to clarify the deformation induced martensitic transformation behavior and its role on the strengthening mechanism. The difference in the carbon content affected mainly the difference in the phase fractions before deformation, where the higher carbon content increased the phase fraction of retained austenite (). However, the changes in the relative fraction of martensitic transformation with respect to the applied strain were found to be similar in both steels since the carbon concentrations in were similar. The stress contribution from martensite was observed increasing during plastic deformation while that from bainitic ferrite hardly changing and that from decreasing.