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論文

In-source laser spectroscopy of dysprosium isotopes at the ISOLDE-RILIS

Chrysalidis, K.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Ahmed, R.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Ballof, J.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Harding, R. D.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B, 463, p.472 - 475, 2020/01

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Instruments & Instrumentation)

放射壊変によって生成された多数のジスプロシウム同位体について、ISOLDEのレーザー共鳴イオン源(RILIS)を用いてイオン源内レーザー分光法によって研究した。$$^{152}$$Dyに対する相対的な同位体シフトを$$4f^{10}6s^{2}~^{5}I_{8}$$ (gs) $$rightarrow$$ $$4f^{10}6s6p~(8,1)^{o}_{8}$$共鳴遷移を用いて測定した。電子的因子Fとマスシフト因子Mを導出し、それらを使って$$^{rm 145m}$$Dyと$$^{rm 147m}$$Dyの平均自乗荷電半径の変化を初めて決定した。

論文

$$alpha$$-decay branching ratio of $$^{180}$$Pt

Cubiss, J. G.*; Harding, R. D.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Althubiti, N.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Farooq-Smith, G. J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 101(1), p.014314_1 - 014314_4, 2020/01

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:6.71(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{180}$$Ptの基底状態から娘核$$^{176}$$Osの基底状態への$$alpha$$崩壊分岐比を0.52(5)%と、過去の値と比較してより高精度で再決定した。$$^{180}$$PtはCERN-ISOLDE実験施設において$$^{180}$$Hgを単離し、その$$beta$$崩壊孫核種として生成した。今回の結果を用いて導出した$$alpha$$崩壊の換算崩壊幅は、中性子欠損Pt同位体の$$alpha$$崩壊幅の系統性について新しい描像を与えることとなった。

論文

Fine structure in the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{218}$$At

Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(6), p.064317_1 - 064317_6, 2019/06

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:27.46(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{218}$$Atの$$alpha$$崩壊について、CERN-ISOLDE施設においてレーザーイオン化法を使うことで研究した。$$alpha$$-$$gamma$$同時計数データを初めて取得し、より精度の良い半減期の値として1.27(6)秒を得た。$$alpha$$崩壊の微細構造を基に新しい$$alpha$$崩壊図式を構築した。それらの結果から、$$^{218}$$Atの基底状態のスピン・パリティは(3$$^{-}$$)がより確からしいことが解ったが、(2)$$^{-}$$の可能性も完全には否定しきれない。

論文

Inverse odd-even staggering in nuclear charge radii and possible octupole collectivity in $$^{217,218,219}$$At revealed by in-source laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A. E.*; Cubiss, J. G.*; Andreyev, A. N.; Seliverstov, M. D.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Ascher, P.*; Atanasov, D.*; Beck, D.*; Biero$'n$, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 99(5), p.054317_1 - 054317_9, 2019/05

 被引用回数:3 パーセンタイル:27.46(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine-structure parameters and isotope shifts for the 795-nm atomic transitions in $$^{217,218,219}$$At have been measured at CERN-ISOLDE, using the in-source resonance-ionization spectroscopy technique. Magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments, and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii, have been deduced. A large inverse odd-even staggering in radii, which may be associated with the presence of octupole collectivity, has been observed. Namely, the radius of the odd-odd isotope $$^{218}$$At has been found to be larger than the average.

論文

Characterization of the shape-staggering effect in mercury nuclei

Marsh, B. A.*; Day Goodacre, T.*; 角田 佑介*; Andreyev, A. N.; 他41名*

Nature Physics, 14(12), p.1163 - 1167, 2018/12

 被引用回数:35 パーセンタイル:3.31(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

In rare cases, the removal of a single proton (Z) or neutron (N) from an atomic nucleus leads to a dramatic shape change. These instances are crucial for understanding the components of the nuclear interactions that drive deformation. The mercuryisotopes (Z = 80) are a striking example: their close neighbours, the lead isotopes (Z = 82), are spherical and steadily shrink with decreasing N. The even-mass (A = N + Z) mercury isotopes follow this trend. The odd-mass mercury isotopes $$^{181,183,185}$$Hg, however, exhibit noticeably larger charge radii. Due to the experimental difficulties of probing extremely neutron-deficient systems, and the computational complexity of modelling such heavy nuclides, the microscopic origin of this unique shape staggering has remained unclear. Here, by applying resonance ionization spectroscopy, mass spectrometry and nuclear spectroscopy as far as $$^{177}$$Hg, we determine $$^{181}$$Hg as the shape-staggering endpoint. By combining our experimental measurements with Monte Carlo shell model calculations, we conclude that this phenomenon results from the interplay between monopole and quadrupole interactions driving a quantum phase transition, for which we identify the participating orbitals. Although shape staggering in the mercury isotopes is a unique and localized feature in the nuclear chart, it nicely illustrates the concurrence of single-particle and collective degrees of freedom at play in atomic nuclei.

論文

Detailed $$alpha$$-decay study of $$^{180}$$Tl

Andel, B.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 96(5), p.054327_1 - 054327_11, 2017/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:100(Physics, Nuclear)

A detailed $$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy study of $$^{180}$$Tl has been performed at ISOLDE (CERN). Z-selective ionization by the Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source (RILIS) coupled to mass separation provided a high-purity beam of $$^{180}$$Tl. Fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays to excited levels in the daughter $$^{176}$$Au were identified and an $$alpha$$-decay scheme of $$^{180}$$Tl was constructed based on an analysis of $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ and $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ -$$gamma$$ coincidences. Multipolarities of several $$gamma$$-ray transitions deexciting levels in $$^{176}$$Au were determined. Based on the analysis of reduced $$alpha$$-decay widths, it was found that all $$alpha$$ decays are hindered, which signifies a change of configuration between the parent and all daughter states.

論文

Changes in mean-squared charge radii and magnetic moments of $$^{179-184}$$Tl measured by in-source laser spectroscopy

Barzakh, A.*; Andreyev, A.; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Fink, D. A.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 95(1), p.014324_1 - 014324_12, 2017/01

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:11.71(Physics, Nuclear)

Hyperfine structure and isotope shifts have been measured for the ground and isomeric states in the neutron deficient isotopes $$^{179-184}$$Tl using the 276.9 nm transition. The experiment has been performed at the CERN Isotope Separator On-Line facility using the in-source resonance-ionization laser spectroscopy technique. Spins for the ground states in $$^{179,181,183}$$Tl have been determined as $$I$$ = 1/2. Magnetic moments and changes in the nuclear mean-square charge radii have been deduced. By applying the additivity relation for magnetic moments of the odd-odd Tl nuclei the leading configuration assignments were confirmed. A deviation of magnetic moments for isomeric states in $$^{182,184}$$Tl from the trend of the heavier Tl nuclei is observed. The charge radii of the ground states of the isotopes $$^{179-184}$$Tl follow the trend for isotonic (spherical) lead nuclei. The noticeable difference in charge radii for ground and isomeric states of $$^{183,184}$$Tl has been observed, suggesting a larger deformation for the intruder-based 9/2$$^{-}$$ and 10$$^{-}$$ states compared to the ground states. An unexpected growth of the isomer shift for $$^{183}$$Tl has been found.

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission and $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{196}$$At

Truesdale, V. L.*; Andreyev, A.; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Sels, S.*; Andel, B.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Capponi, L.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 94(3), p.034308_1 - 034308_11, 2016/09

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:37.47(Physics, Nuclear)

A nuclear-decay spectroscopy study of the neutron-deficient isotope $$^{196}$$At is reported where an isotopically pure beam was produced using the selective Resonance Ionization Laser Ion Source and On-Line Isotope Mass Separator (CERN). The fine-structure $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{196}$$At allowed the low-energy excited states in the daughter nucleus $$^{192}$$Bi to be investigated. A $$beta$$-delayed fission study of $$^{196}$$At was also performed. A mixture of symmetric and asymmetric fission-fragment mass distributions of the daughter isotope $$^{196}$$Po (populated by $$beta$$ decay of $$^{196}$$At) was deduced based on the measured fission-fragment energies. A $$beta$$DF probability $$P_{rm beta DF}$$($$^{196}$$At) = 9(1)$$times$$10$$^{-5}$$ was determined.

論文

$$alpha$$-decay study of $$^{182,184}$$Tl

Van Beveren, C.*; Andreyev, A.; Barzakh, A. E.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; de Groote, R. P.*; Fedorov, D.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Ghys, L.*; Huyse, M.*; et al.

Journal of Physics G; Nuclear and Particle Physics, 43(2), p.025102_1 - 025102_22, 2016/02

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:33.58(Physics, Nuclear)

$$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy of $$^{182,184}$$Tl has been performed at the CERN isotope separator on-line (ISOLDE) facility. New fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays have been observed for both isotopes. $$alpha$$-decay branching ratios of 0.089(19)$$%$$, 0.047(6)$$%$$ and 1.22(30)$$%$$ have been deduced for the (10$$^{-}$$), (7$$^{+}$$) and (2$$^{-}$$) states respectively in $$^{184}$$Tl and a lower limit of 0.49$$%$$ for the $$alpha$$-decay branching ratio of $$^{182}$$Tl. A new half-life of 9.5(2) s for the (2$$^{-}$$) state in $$^{184}$$Tl and 1.9(1) s for the low-spin state in $$^{182}$$Tl has been deduced. Using $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence analysis, multiple $$gamma$$ rays were observed de-exciting levels in $$^{178,180}$$Au fed by $$^{182,184}$$Tl $$alpha$$ decays. The $$gamma$$ transitions connecting these low-lying states in $$^{178,180}$$Au are essential to sort the data and possibly identify bands from inbeam studies in these isotopes. Owing to the complex fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays and limited knowledge about the structure of the daughter nuclei, only partial level schemes could be constructed for both gold isotopes in the present work. Reduced $$alpha$$-decay widths have been calculated and are compared with values obtained in neighboring odd-A and even-A thallium isotopes. Except for the allowed $$alpha$$ decay of the $$^{184}$$Tl (10$$^{-}$$) state, the other fine-structure $$alpha$$ decays observed in this study are hindered. This points to strong structural changes between parent thallium and daughter gold isotopes.

論文

Shapes of $$^{192,190}$$Pb ground states from $$beta$$-decay studies using the total-absorption technique

Est$'e$vez Aguado, M. E.*; Algora, A.*; Agramunt, J.*; Rubio, B.*; Tain, J. L.*; Jord$'a$n, D.*; Fraile, L. M.*; Gelletly, W.*; Frank, A.*; Csatl$'o$s, M.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 92(4), p.044321_1 - 044321_8, 2015/10

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:31.45(Physics, Nuclear)

The $$beta$$ decay of $$^{192,190}$$Pb has been studied using the total absorption technique at the ISOLDE (CERN) facility. The $$beta$$-decay strength deduced from the measurements, combined with QRPA theoretical calculations, allow us to infer that the ground states of the $$^{192,190}$$Pb isotopes are spherical. These results represent the first application of the shape determination method using the total absorption technique for heavy nuclei and in a region where there is considerable interest in nuclear shapes and shape effects.

論文

Internal decay of the (10$$^{-}$$) intruder state in $$^{184}$$Tl

Van Beveren, C.*; Andreyev, A.; Barzakh, A.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Fedorov, D.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Ferrer, R.*; Huyse, M.*; K$"o$ster, U.*; Lane, J. F. W.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 92(1), p.014325_1 - 014325_8, 2015/07

 被引用回数:7 パーセンタイル:42.31(Physics, Nuclear)

Decay spectroscopy of $$^{184}$$Tl has been performed at the CERN Isotope Separator On-Line (ISOLDE) facility. An excitation energy of 506.1(1) keV and a half-life of 47.1(7) ms of the intruder based (10$$^{-}$$) state have been extracted. The internal decay characteristics of this state are determined and discussed, extending the systematics of such states in the even-mass thallium nuclei below neutron midshell at N = 104. The retardation factors of the isomeric M2 and E3 transitions are deduced and compared with retardation factors in neighboring odd-mass and even-mass thallium isotopes. The new information is combined with a review of hindered and unhindered $$alpha$$-decay data of $$^{187-192}$$Bi populating levels in daughter nuclei $$^{183-188}$$Tl and supports the interpretation of the intruder character of the (10$$^{-}$$) state in $$^{184}$$Tl.

論文

Experimental study of the $$^{66}$$Ni($$d$$,$$p$$)$$^{67}$$Ni one-neutron transfer reaction

Diriken, J.*; Patronis, N.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Bildstein, V.*; Blazhev, A.*; Darby, I. G.*; De Witte, H.*; Eberth, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 91(5), p.054321_1 - 054321_15, 2015/05

 被引用回数:8 パーセンタイル:38.21(Physics, Nuclear)

Excited states up to an excitation energy of 5.8 MeV were populated in the neutron-rich isotope $$^{67}$$Ni via the $$^{66}$$Ni(d,p) transfer reaction at REX-Isolde, CERN. In particular, single-neutron states above the N=40 sub-shell gap were populated, and the relative spectroscopic factors were extracted using distorted-wave Born approximation analysis. The positive parity g$$_{9/2}$$, d$$_{5/2}$$ and s$$_{1/2}$$ neutron orbits above the shell closure are assumed to induce strong quadrupole collectivity in neutron-rich Fe and Cr isotopes. The extracted relative spectroscopic factors show that the strength of the d$$_{5/2}$$ orbit is mostly split over two states, hinting to substantial mixing of the neutron d$$_{5/2}$$ configuration with collective modes of the core. The size of the N=50 shell gap was also estimated, and found to be 2.6 MeV near $$^{68}$$Ni, as also determined in lighter Ni isotopes.

論文

In-source laser spectroscopy with the laser ion source and trap; First direct study of the ground-state properties of $$^{217,219}$$Po

Fink, D. A.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Andreyev, A.; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A. E.*; Bastin, B.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; Flanagan, K. T.*; Ghys, L.*; et al.

Physical Review X, 5(1), p.011018_1 - 011018_15, 2015/01

 被引用回数:17 パーセンタイル:21.12(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A Laser Ion Source and Trap (LIST) for a thick-target, isotope-separation on-line facility has been implemented at CERN ISOLDE for the production of pure, laser-ionized, radioactive ion beams. The first physics application of the LIST enables the suppression of francium contamination in ion beams of neutron-rich polonium isotopes at ISOLDE by more than 1000 with a reduction in laser-ionization efficiency of only 20. Resonance ionization spectroscopy is performed directly inside the LIST device, allowing the study of the hyperfine structure and isotope shift of $$^{217}$$Po for the first time. Nuclear decay spectroscopy of $$^{219}$$Po is performed for the first time, revealing its half-life, $$alpha$$-to-$$beta$$-decay branching ratio, and $$alpha$$-particle energy. This experiment demonstrates the applicability of the LIST at radioactive ion-beam facilities for the production and study of pure beams of exotic isotopes.

論文

Single-neutron orbits near $$^{78}$$Ni; Spectroscopy of the N=49 isotope $$^{79}$$Zn

Orlandi, R.; M$"u$cher, D.*; Raabe, R.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Pain, S. D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Chapman, R.*; de Angelis, G.*; Johansen, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 740, p.298 - 302, 2015/01

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:14.17(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

Single-neutron states in $$^{79}$$Zn have been populated using the reaction $$^{78}$$Zn(d,p) at REX-Isolde, CERN. The analysis reveals that the lowest excited states in $$^{79}$$Zn lie at approximately 1 MeV, and involve neutron orbits above the N=50 shell gap. A 5/2$$^{+}$$ configuration was assigned to the 983-keV state. Comparison with large-scale shell model calculations supports a robust neutron N=50 shell closure for $$^{78}$$Ni. These data constitute an important step towards the understanding the magicity of $$^{78}$$Ni and the structure of nuclei in the region.

論文

Study of the deformation-driving $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ orbital in $$_{28}^{67}$$Ni$$_{39}$$ using one-neutron transfer reactions

Diriken, J.*; Patronis, N.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Bildstein, V.*; Blazhev, A.*; Darby, I. G.*; De Witte, H.*; Eberth, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 736, p.533 - 538, 2014/09

 被引用回数:12 パーセンタイル:29.27(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The neutron orbits $$g_{9/2}$$, d$$_{5/2}$$ and s$$_{1/2}$$ are assumed to be responsible for the swift onset of collectivity observed in the region below $$^{68}$$Ni. In order to gather information on the single-particle energies and spectroscopic factors of these orbitals, single-particle states in the nucleus $$^{67}$$Ni were populated using the reaction $$^{66}$$Ni(d,p), in inverse kinematics, at REX-ISOLDE, CERN. The new isotope was studied using combined particle-$$gamma$$ spectroscopy. Comparison with DWBA calculations, permitted the identification of positive parity states with a substantial amount of $$nu$$d$$_{9/2}$$ (1007 keV) and $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ (2207 and 3277 keV) single-particle strength. Comparisons with extended Shell-Model calculations was also performed to confirm the single-particle nature of these states, and to deduce general properties around $$^{68}$$Ni.

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission of $$^{180}$$Tl

Elseviers, J.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 88(4), p.044321_1 - 044321_13, 2013/10

 被引用回数:29 パーセンタイル:10.94(Physics, Nuclear)

The detailed analysis of the $$beta$$-delayed fission data of $$^{180}$$Tl is presented. The experiment was performed by producing a pure beam of $$^{180}$$Tl by means of highly selective resonance laser ionization followed by mass separation with the ISOLDE isotope separator. A surprising asymmetric mass distribution of fission fragments from $$^{180}$$Hg, the daughter of $$^{180}$$Tl $$beta$$ decays, was obtained. Here, the energy calibration of the silicon detectors, which is crucial for a proper determination of the fission fragments' energy and mass split, is presented and the total kinetic energy and its dependence on the mass split ratio is discussed. A more precise $$beta$$-delayed fission probability of 3.2(2)$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$$$%$$ was deduced.

論文

Measurement of the first ionization potential of astatine by laser ionization spectroscopy

Rothe, S.*; Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Borschevsky, A.*; Capponi, L.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; De Witte, H.*; Eliav, E.*; Fedorov, D. V.*; Fedosseev, V. N.*; et al.

Nature Communications (Internet), 4, p.1835_1 - 1835_6, 2013/05

 被引用回数:67 パーセンタイル:4.63(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

The radioactive element astatine exists only in trace amounts in nature. Its properties can therefore only be explored by study of smallest quantities of artificially produced isotopes or by performing theoretical calculations. One of the most important properties influencing the chemical behaviour is the energy required to remove one electron from the valence shell, referred to as the ionization potential (IP). Here we use laser spectroscopy to probe the optical spectrum of astatine near the ionization threshold. The observed series of Rydberg states allowed the deduction of the IP of the astatine atom for the first time. New ab initio calculations were performed to support the experimental result. The measured value of IP(At) serves as a benchmark for quantum chemistry calculations of the properties of astatine as well as for the theoretical prediction of the ionization potential of super-heavy element 117, the heaviest homologue of astatine.

論文

$$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy of the chain $$^{179}$$Tl$$^{g}$$ $$rightarrow$$ $$^{175}$$Au$$^{g}$$ $$rightarrow$$ $$^{171}$$Ir$$^{g}$$ $$rightarrow$$ $$^{167}$$Re$$^{m}$$

Andreyev, A. N.*; Liberati, V.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Diriken, J.*; Elseviers, J.*; Fedorov, D.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(5), p.054311_1 - 054311_8, 2013/05

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:27.28(Physics, Nuclear)

$$alpha$$-decay studies of $$^{179}$$Tl$$^{g}$$ and its dahghter products $$^{175}$$Au$$^{g}$$ and $$^{171}$$Ir$$^{g}$$ were carried out in two complementary experiments at the mass separator ISOLDE (CERN) and velocity filter SHIP (GSI). The nucluesu $$^{175}$$Au$$^{g}$$ has $$alpha$$ decay properties of half-life 207 ms and $$alpha$$-decay energy 6433 keV. The ground state spins and parities for $$^{175}$$Au and $$^{171}$$Ir were determined to be 1/2$$^{+}$$.

論文

New type of asymmetric fission in proton-rich nuclei

Andreyev, A. N.*; Elseviers, J.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; Diriken, J.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 105(25), p.252502_1 - 252502_5, 2010/12

 被引用回数:141 パーセンタイル:3.14(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

A very exotic process of $$beta$$-delayed fission of $$^{180}$$Tl is studied in detail by using resonant laser ionization with subsequent mass separation at ISOLDE (CERN). In contrast to common expectations, the fission-fragment mass distribution of the post-$$beta$$-decay daughter nucleus $$^{180}$$Hg ($$N$$/$$Z$$ = 1.25) is asymmetric. This asymmetry is more surprising since a mass-symmetric split of this extremely neutron-deficient nucleus would lead to two $$^{90}$$Zr fragments, with magic $$N$$ = 50 and semi-magic $$Z$$ = 40. This is a new type of asymmetric fission, not caused by large shell effects related to fragment magic proton and neutron numbers, as observed in the actinide region. The newly-measured branching ratio for $$beta$$-delayed fission of $$^{180}$$Tl is 3.6(7)$$times$$10$$^{-3}$$ %.

口頭

陽子過剰原子核の核分裂

西尾 勝久; Andreyev, A. N.*; Elseviers, J.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Antalic, S.*; Barzakh, A.*; Bree, N.*; Cocolios, T. E.*; Comas, V. F.*; et al.

no journal, , 

陽子過剰な原子核$$^{180}$$Hgの低励起エネルギー核分裂を測定した。CERN-ISOLDEにおいて$$^{180}$$Tlをアイソトープ分離し、このベータ崩壊によって娘核$$^{180}$$Hgを励起さることで、この核分裂を観測した(ベータ崩壊遅延核分裂)。核分裂特性を調べたところ、中性子数50の閉殻を有する$$^{90}$$Zr原子核は生成されず、質量数80と100に収率の最大を有する非対称な核分裂を示した。また、原子力機構タンデム加速器において、陽子過剰原子核のインビーム核分裂実験を行った。この結果、ウランなど従来の核分裂と異なり、励起エネルギーが増加しても質量非対称度が変化しないことがわかった。

口頭

Low-energy states in $$^{79}$$Zn and the structure of $$^{78}$$Ni

Orlandi, R.; M$"u$cher, D.*; Raabe, R.*; Jungclaus, A.*; Pain, S. D.*; Bildstein, V.*; Chapman, R.*; de Angelis, G.*; Johansen, J. G.*; Van Duppen, P.*; et al.

no journal, , 

Single-neutron states in the $$N$$ = 49 isotope $$^{79}$$Zn were populated in the $$^{78}$$Zn(d,p)$$^{79}$$Zn transfer reaction at REX-ISOLDE, CERN. The combined detection of protons ejected in the reaction and of $$gamma$$ rays emitted by $$^{79}$$Zn permitted the identification of the lowest-lying 5/2$$^+$$ and 1/2$$^+$$ excited states. The analysis of proton angular distributions links these states to a significant amount of single-particle strength around 1 MeV, and specifically to the $$nu$$d$$_{5/2}$$ and $$nu$$s$$_{1/2}$$ neutron orbits, which lie above the $$N$$ = 50 neutron shell gap. Comparison with large-scale-shell-model calculations supports a robust $$N$$ = 50 shell-closure for $$^{78}$$Ni. These data constitute a considerable step towards the understanding of the magicity of $$^{78}$$Ni and of the structure of isotopes in the region.

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