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論文

Pressure-modulated magnetism and negative thermal expansion in the Ho$$_2$$Fe$$_{17}$$ intermetallic compound

Cao, Y.*; Zhou, H.*; Khmelevskyi, S.*; Lin, K.*; Avdeev, M.*; Wang, C.-W.*; Wang, B.*; Hu, F.*; 加藤 健一*; 服部 高典; et al.

Chemistry of Materials, 35(8), p.3249 - 3255, 2023/04

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0(Chemistry, Physical)

静水圧や化学圧力は、結晶構造を変化させる効率的な刺激であり、材料科学において電気的、磁気的特性のチューニングによく利用されている。しかし、化学圧力は定量化が困難であり、これら両者の定量的な対応関係はまだよくわかっていない。本研究では、負の熱膨張(NTE)を持つ永久磁石の候補である金属間化合物を調べた。放射光X線その場観察により、AlをドープしたHo$$_2$$Fe$$_{17}$$に負の化学圧力があることを明らかにし、単位セル体積の温度・圧力依存性を用いそれを定量的に評価した。また、磁化測定と中性子回折測定を組み合わせることで、磁気秩序に対する化学圧力と静水圧の違いを比較した。興味深いことに、圧力はNTEの抑制と増強を制御するために使用することができた。電子状態計算から、圧力がFermiレベル(EF)に対する主要バンドの上部に影響を与えたことを示しており、これは磁気安定性に影響を与え、それが磁気とNTEを調節する上で重要な役割を果たしていることがわかった。本研究は、圧力の影響を理解し、それを利用して機能性材料の特性を制御する良い例を示している。

論文

New $$K$$ isomers in $$^{248}$$Cf

Orlandi, R.; 牧井 宏之; 西尾 勝久; 廣瀬 健太郎; 浅井 雅人; 塚田 和明; 佐藤 哲也; 伊藤 由太; 洲嵜 ふみ; 永目 諭一郎*; et al.

Physical Review C, 106(6), p.064301_1 - 064301_11, 2022/12

 被引用回数:0 パーセンタイル:0.02(Physics, Nuclear)

The nuclear structure of $$^{248}$$Cf produced by the $$^{18}$$O+$$^{249}$$Cf multinucleon transfer reaction was investigated using $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy. Analysis of the $$gamma$$-ray spectrum of $$^{248}$$Cf revealed the presence of multiple long-lived (isomeric) excited states at low excitation energies. The energies and half-lives of the isomers contain information on the proton and neutron orbits in the heavy-element region and the deformation of atomic nuclei, and are important data to predict the properties of nuclei in the "island of stability".

論文

The $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on the $$^{60}$$Fe nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, X. Y.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Li, Z. H.*; 牧井 宏之; Pignatari, M.*; Wang, Y. B.*; Orlandi, R.; 廣瀬 健太郎; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 919(2), p.84_1 - 84_7, 2021/10

 被引用回数:1 パーセンタイル:9.7(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The long-lived $$^{60}$$Fe (with a half-life of 2.62 Myr) is a crucial diagnostic of active nucleosynthesis in the Milky Way galaxy and in supernovae near the solar system. The neutron-capture reaction $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe on $$^{59}$$Fe (half-life=44.5 days) is the key reaction for the production of $$^{60}$$Fe in massive stars. This reaction cross section has been previously constrained by the Coulomb dissociation experiment, which offered partial constraint on the E1 $$gamma$$-ray strength function but a negligible constraint on the M1 and E2 components. In this work, for the first time, we use the surrogate ratio method to experimentally determine the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe cross sections in which all the components are included. We derived a Maxwellian-averaged cross section of 27.5$$pm$$3.5 mb at $$kT$$ = 30 keV and 13.4$$pm$$1.7 mb at $$kT$$ = 90 keV, roughly 10%-20% higher than previous estimates. We analyzed the impact of our new reaction rates in nucleosynthesis models of massive stars and found that uncertainties in the production of $$^{60}$$Fe from the $$^{59}$$Fe(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{60}$$Fe rate are at most 25$$%$$. We conclude that stellar physics uncertainties now play a major role in the accurate evaluation of the stellar production of $$^{60}$$Fe.

論文

Coexistence of ferromagnetic and stripe-type antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations in YFe$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$

Wo, H.*; Wang, Q.*; Shen, Y.*; Zhang, X.*; Hao, Y.*; Feng, Y.*; Shen, S.*; He, Z.*; Pan, B.*; Wang, W.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 122(21), p.217003_1 - 217003_5, 2019/05

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:43.73(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

We report neutron scattering measurements of single-crystalline YFe$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$ in the normal state, which has the same crystal structure as the 122 family of iron pnictide superconductors. YFe$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$ does not exhibit long-range magnetic order but exhibits strong spin fluctuations. Like the iron pnictides, YFe$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$ displays anisotropic stripe-type antiferromagnetic spin fluctuations at ($$pi, 0, pi$$). More interesting, however, is the observation of strong spin fluctuations at the in-plane ferromagnetic wave vector ($$0, 0, pi$$). These ferromagnetic spin fluctuations are isotropic in the ($$H, K$$) plane, whose intensity exceeds that of stripe spin fluctuations. Both the ferromagnetic and stripe spin fluctuations remain gapless down to the lowest measured energies. Our results naturally explain the absence of magnetic order in YFe$$_{2}$$Ge$$_{2}$$ and also imply that the ferromagnetic correlations may be a key ingredient for iron-based materials.

論文

The $$^{95}$$Zr($$n, gamma$$)$$^{96}$$Zr cross section from the surrogate ratio method and its effect on $$s$$-process nucleosynthesis

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, Z. H.*; Wang, Y. B.*; 西尾 勝久; Lugaro, M.*; Karakas, A. I.*; 牧井 宏之; Mohr, P.*; Su, J.*; Li, Y. J.*; et al.

Astrophysical Journal, 848(2), p.98_1 - 98_8, 2017/10

 被引用回数:5 パーセンタイル:21.95(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The $$^{95}$$Zr($$n, gamma$$)$$^{96}$$Zr reaction cross section is crucial in the modelling of $$s$$-process nucleosynthesis in asymptotic giant branch stars because it controls the operation of the branching point at the unstable $$^{95}$$Zr and the subsequent production of $$^{96}$$Zr. We have carried out the measurement of the $$^{90}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O) and $$^{94}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O) reactions and obtained the $$gamma$$-decay probability ratio of $$^{92}$$Zr$$^{*}$$ and $$^{96}$$Zr$$^{*}$$ to determine the $$^{95}$$Zr($$n, gamma$$)$$^{96}$$Zr reaction cross sections with the surrogate ratio method. We tested our deduced maxwellian-averaged cross section in stellar models with masses between 2 and 6 $$M_{odot}$$ and metallicities 0.014 and 0.03. The largest changes - up 80 % variations in $$^{96}$$Zr - are seen in the models of 3-4 $$M_{odot}$$, where the $$^{22}$$Ne neutron source is mildly activated. The new rate can still provide a match to data from meteoritic stardust silicon carbide grains, provided the maximum mass of the parent stars is below 4 $$M_{odot}$$, for a metallicity of 0.03.

論文

Examination of the surrogate ratio method for the determination of the $$^{93}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{94}$$Zr cross section with $$^{90,92}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O)$$^{92,94}$$Zr reactions

Yan, S. Q.*; Li, Z. H.*; Wang, Y. B.*; 西尾 勝久; 牧井 宏之; Su, J.*; Li, Y. J.*; 西中 一朗; 廣瀬 健太郎; Han, Y. L.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 94(1), p.015804_1 - 015804_5, 2016/07

 被引用回数:6 パーセンタイル:44.91(Physics, Nuclear)

The relative $$gamma$$-decay probability ratios of the neutron resonance states in $$^{94}$$Zr and $$^{92}$$Zr populated via two neutron transfer reactions, $$^{92}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O)$$^{94}$$Zr and $$^{90}$$Zr($$^{18}$$O,$$^{16}$$O)$$^{92}$$Zr, have been measured to test the validity of the surrogate ratio method (SRM) in determining the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction cross section. The cross sections of the $$^{93}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{94}$$Zr reaction are derived from the experimentally obtained ratios and the cross sections of the $$^{91}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{92}$$Zr reaction in the equivalent neutron energy range of $$E_{rm n}$$ = 0 - 8 MeV. The deduced cross sections of $$^{93}$$Zr(n,$$gamma$$)$$^{94}$$Zr reaction agree with the directly measured ones in the low-energy region, and with the evaluated ENDF/B-VII.1 data at higher energies of $$E_{rm n} >$$ 3 MeV. The agreement supports the concept of the SRM method to indirectly determine the (n,$$gamma$$) reaction cross sections.

論文

Review of neutron cross-section evaluations for fission products

Oblozinsk$'y$, P.*; Herman, M.*; Mughabghab, S. F.*; Sirakov, I.*; Chang, J.*; 中川 庸雄; 柴田 恵一; 川合 將義*; Ignatyuk, A. V.*; Pronyaev, V. G.*; et al.

AIP Conference Proceedings 769, p.438 - 441, 2005/05

5つの主要評価済核データライブラリーに入っている核分裂生成物核種の断面積データをレビューした。本件は、評価国際協力ワーキングパーティ(WPEC)のサブグループ21の作業として行ったもので、原子番号31から68の範囲の核種に対する最善の評価済データを推奨することを目的としている。全部で、既に存在している211核種のデータを調査し、さらに新たな7核種のデータを加え、218核種に対する推奨値を決定した。

口頭

Decimeter-scale laboratory studies of thermal, mechanical, hydrological and chemical processes in near-field systems of generic geological waste repositories

Hu, Q. H.*; Zhang, T.*; Shen, Y. Q.*; 舘 幸男; 深津 勇太; Borglin, S.*; Chang, C.*; Hampton, J.*

no journal, , 

In a deep geological repository of high-level nuclear wastes, the near-field systems consist of waste packages, buffer materials, and natural barrier systems. It is expected that the initial thermal loading after waste emplacement will last several hundred years. It is important to investigate the effects of this thermal loading on the near-field components under in situ stress conditions, in terms of thermal-hydrological-mechanical-chemical (THMC) processes and subsequent radionuclide retention and migration. Preliminary tests have been performed via integrated combinations of buffer materials and host rocks, at nm-dm scales, subjected to a range of elevated temperatures under true-triaxial conditions, which is complemented by a suite of nano-petrophysical characterization approaches such as small-angle neutron/X-ray scattering techniques to quantify total pore space and sample size-dependent effective porosity. For multiple-approach radionuclide retention and migration tests before- and after-THMC experiments, a complementary range of tests will include batch, column, and gas diffusion for granular samples, as well as gas/liquid diffusion and fractured core transport tests for intact rock samples under different temperature and pressure conditions.

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