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論文

Scaling of memories and crossover in glassy magnets

Samarakoon, A. M.*; 高橋 満*; Zhang, D.*; Yang, J.*; 片山 尚幸*; Sinclair, R.*; Zhou, H. D.*; Diallo, S. O.*; Ehlers, G.*; Tennant, D. A.*; et al.

Scientific Reports (Internet), 7(1), p.12053_1 - 12053_8, 2017/09

AA2017-0448.pdf:3.45MB

 被引用回数:2 パーセンタイル:52.47(Multidisciplinary Sciences)

Glassiness is ubiquitous and diverse in characteristics in nature. Understanding their differences and classification remains a major scientific challenge. Here, we show that scaling of magnetic memories with time can be used to classify magnetic glassy materials into two distinct classes. The systems studied are high temperature superconductor-related materials, spin-orbit Mott insulators, frustrated magnets, and dilute magnetic alloys. Our bulk magnetization measurements reveal that most densely populated magnets exhibit similar memory behavior characterized by a relaxation exponent of $$1-n$$ $$approx$$ $$0.6$$(1). This exponent is different from $$1-n$$ $$approx$$ $$1/3$$ of dilute magnetic alloys that was ascribed to their hierarchical and fractal energy landscape, and is also different from $$1-n=1$$ of the conventional Debye relaxation expected for a spin solid, a state with long range order.

論文

Type II shell evolution in $$A=70$$ isobars from the $$N geq 40$$ island of inversion

Morales, A. I.*; Benzoni, G.*; Watanabe, H.*; 角田 佑介*; Otsuka, T.*; 西村 俊二*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Fang, Y.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 765, p.328 - 333, 2017/02

 被引用回数:10 パーセンタイル:8.11(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The level schemes of neutron-rich isotopes $$^{70}$$Co and $$^{70}$$Ni were populated in the $$beta$$ decay of $$^{70}$$Fe and studied using $$beta$$-delayed $$gamma$$-ray spectroscopy of the $$beta$$ decay, at the RIBF in RIKEN, Japan. The experimental results were compared to state-of-the-art shell-model calculations, and indicate a dominance of prolate deformation in the low-lying states, coexisting with spherical states. The $$beta$$ decay of the $$A=70$$ isobars is shown to progress in accordance to a new type of shell evolution, the so-called Type II, which involves many particle-hole excitations across energy gaps.

論文

Low-lying excitations in $$^{72}$$Ni

Morales, A. I.*; Benzoni, G.*; Watanabe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; Fang, Y.*; Lorusso, G.*; Patel, Z.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 93(3), p.034328_1 - 034328_14, 2016/03

 被引用回数:11 パーセンタイル:14.96(Physics, Nuclear)

Low-lying excited states in $$^{72}$$Ni have been investigated at RIKEN by studying the $$beta$$ decay of $$^{72}$$Co to $$^{72}$$Ni. $$^{72}$$Co was separated with BigRIPS, implanted into the WaS3ABi Silicon array, and the $$gamma$$ ray measured using the EURICA $$gamma$$ spectrometer. From the analysis, 60 new $$gamma$$-ray transitions and 21 new levels in $$^{72}$$Ni were observed. The new experimental information is compared to shell-model calculations which include neutron excitation across the $$fpg$$ shell. The calculations reproduce rather well the observed states, implying that a clear understanding of these low-lying excitations has been achieved.

論文

Decay properties of $$^{68,69,70}$$Mn; Probing collectivity up to N=44 in Fe isotopic chain

Benzoni, G.*; Morales, A. I.*; Watanabe, H.*; 西村 俊二*; Coraggio, L.*; Itaco, N.*; Gargano, A.*; Browne, F.*; Daido, R.*; Doornenbal, P.*; et al.

Physics Letters B, 751, p.107 - 112, 2015/12

 被引用回数:14 パーセンタイル:15.32(Astronomy & Astrophysics)

The $$beta$$ decays of $$^{68,69,70}$$Mn have been measured at the RIBF facility at RIKEN using the EURICA $$gamma$$ spectrometer combined with an active stopper consisting of a stack of Si detectors. Half-lives and $$beta$$-delayed neutron emission probabilities have been extracted for these decays, together with first experimental information on excited states populated in $$^{69,70}$$Fe. The data indicate a continuously increasing deformation for Fe isotopes up to A=70, and interpreted to be due to the interplay between quadrupole correlation of specific neutron orbitals and the monopole component of the proton-neutron interaction.

論文

Photocathodes for the energy recovery linacs

Rao, T.*; Burrill, A.*; Chang, X. Y.*; Smedley, J.*; 西谷 智博; Hernandez Garcia, C.*; Poelker, M.*; Seddon, E.*; Hannon, F. E.*; Sinclair, C. K.*; et al.

Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research A, 557(1), p.124 - 130, 2006/02

 被引用回数:48 パーセンタイル:3.26(Instruments & Instrumentation)

近年、次期光源や高エネルギー核物理学に用いるエネルギー回収型線形加速器(ERL)の利用が注目を浴びている。ERLが要求する電子源性能は、電流値,電流密度,繰り返し,温度や加速勾配など広範囲に渡る。これらの性能を実現する電子源として、光陰極電子源が重要な役割を果たすと考えられている。本論文では、ERLを実現しうる二次電子放出型,セシウム付加ディスペンサー型,フィールドエミッタ型や超格子半導体の光陰極電子源について概論を提供する。

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