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論文

Signature of the Z=82 shell closure in $$alpha$$-decay process

Andreyev, A. N.*; Huyse, M.*; Van Duppen, P.*; Qi, C.*; Liotta, R. J.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Franchoo, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; et al.

Physical Review Letters, 110(24), p.242502_1 - 242502_5, 2013/06

 被引用回数:56 パーセンタイル:7.43(Physics, Multidisciplinary)

$$alpha$$-decay data for more than 20 nuclei of the most neutron-deificient isotopes in the region from lead to thorium was obtained. The combined analysis allowed us for the first time to clearly show that crossing the Z=82 shell to higher proton numbers strongly accelerates the $$alpha$$ decay. The analysis support the conjecture that both the N=126 and Z=82 shell closures stongly influence the $$alpha$$-formation probability.

論文

$$beta$$-delayed fission of $$^{192,194}$$At

Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Bianco, L.*; Franchoo, S.*; Heinz, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kalaninov$'a$, Z.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 87(1), p.014317_1 - 014317_8, 2013/01

 被引用回数:19 パーセンタイル:19.46(Physics, Nuclear)

By using the recoil-fission correlation technique, the exotic process of beta-delayed fission ($$beta$$DF) was unambiguously identified in the very neutron-deficient nuclei $$^{192,194}$$At in experiments at the velocity filter SHIP at Gesellschaft f$"u$r Schwerionenforschung (GSI). The upper limits for the total kinetic energy release in fission of $$^{194,196}$$Po, being the daughter of $$^{192,194}$$At after $$beta^{+}/EC$$ decay, were estimated. The possibility of an unusually high $$beta^{+}$$DF probability $$^{192}$$At is discussed.

論文

Alpha-$$gamma$$ decay studies of $$^{253}$$No and its daughter products $$^{253}$$Md, $$^{249}$$Fm

He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Kalaninov$'a$, Z.*; Heinz, S.*; Hofmann, S.*; Streicher, B.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 48(5), p.75_1 - 75_9, 2012/05

 被引用回数:20 パーセンタイル:23.13(Physics, Nuclear)

Nuclear structure and decay of the isotope $$^{253}$$No and its decay products $$^{249}$$Fm and $$^{253}$$Md were investigated by means of $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ spectroscopy. Besides the established strong $$alpha$$ transitions from the 9/2$$^{-}$$[734] Nilsson level in $$^{249}$$Fm, populated predominantly by the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{253}$$No, into the ground-state(gs) rotational band, a couple of weaker $$alpha$$ lines were observed and placed into the $$^{249}$$Fm level scheme. The transition from the 7/2$$^{-}$$ level in $$^{249}$$Es, populated by the $$alpha$$ decay of $$^{253}$$Md, into the 9/2$$^{+}$$ member of the gs rotational band, so far established for other odd-mass Es isotopes, was observed clearly. The GEANT4 simulations were performed to investigate the influence of energy summing between $$alpha$$ particles and conversion electrons (CE) on the shape of the $$alpha$$ spectra at different implantation energies, leading to evidence for a weak $$alpha$$ decay branch of $$^{253}$$No into the gs of $$^{249}$$Fm or the ground-state rotational band, respectively.

論文

Isomeric states in $$^{253}$$No and $$^{253}$$Fm

Antalic, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Ackermann, D.*; Heinz, S.*; Hofmann, S.*; Kalaninov$'a$, Z.*; Kindler, B.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 47(5), p.62_1 - 62_12, 2011/05

 被引用回数:23 パーセンタイル:17.81(Physics, Nuclear)

Nuclear structure and decay of isomer in $$^{253}$$No were investigated. The isotope was produced by the reaction $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{207}$$Pb. The excitation energy of the known single-particle isomeric state (5/2$$^{+}$$[622]) was measured by delayed coincidence between $$gamma$$-rays and implanted evaporation residues and was placed into the level scheme. In addition, decay of a high-lying multi-quasiparticle isomer in $$^{253}$$No was studied using e$$^{-}$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence measurements. A rotational band populated by its de-excitation was identified in $$^{253}$$No. A new isomeric state in $$^{253}$$Fm was observed and a partial-level scheme for this isotope is suggested. In addition $$gamma$$ transitions from excited levels are reproduced for $$^{253}$$Md.

論文

Decay studies of K isomer in $$^{254}$$No

He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Antalic, S.*; Sulignano, B.*; Ackermann, D.*; Heinz, S.*; Hofmann, S.*; Kindler, B.*; Khuyagbaatar, J.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 43(1), p.55 - 66, 2010/01

 被引用回数:59 パーセンタイル:4.96(Physics, Nuclear)

$$gamma$$-rays decay study of two K isomers in $$^{254}$$No was performed. Two new transitions of 778 and 856 keV could be attributed to the decay pattern of $$^{254m1}$$No (T$$_{1/2}$$=275 ms). The population of an excited band built up on this isomer ($$K$$$$^{pi}$$=8$$^{-}$$) by the decay of $$^{252m2}$$No (198 $$mu$$s) could be proven. A spontaneous fission branch of 2.0$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$ was measured for $$^{252m1}$$No, and upper limit of 1.2$$times$$10$$^{-4}$$ was estimated for $$^{252m2}$$No. These values demonstrate the high stability of multi-quasiparticle configuration against spontaneous fission.

論文

Decay studies of neutron-deficient lawrencium isotopes

Antalic, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Heinz, S.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; Leino, M.*; Lommel, B.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 38(2), p.219 - 226, 2008/11

 被引用回数:27 パーセンタイル:16.86(Physics, Nuclear)

The radioactive decay of the isotopes $$^{254-256}$$Lr and their daughter products was investigated by means of $$alpha$$, prompt $$alpha-gamma$$ and delayed conversion electron$$-gamma$$ coincidence spectroscopy. The experiment was carried out at GSI by using the velocity filter SHIP to separate evaporation residues, produced in the reaction $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{209}$$Bi, from the primary beams. In $$^{255}$$Lr, a second short-lived isomer with a half-life of 1.91 ms was found. For $$^{254,256}$$Lr, new data for $$gamma$$ transitions of levels in $$^{250,252}$$Md populated by $$alpha$$ decay were observed. The constructed level schemes are useful for the nuclear structure theory.

論文

The H-Invitational Database (H-InvDB); A Comprehensive annotation resource for human genes and transcripts

山崎 千里*; 村上 勝彦*; 藤井 康之*; 佐藤 慶治*; 原田 えりみ*; 武田 淳一*; 谷家 貴之*; 坂手 龍一*; 喜久川 真吾*; 嶋田 誠*; et al.

Nucleic Acids Research, 36(Database), p.D793 - D799, 2008/01

 被引用回数:50 パーセンタイル:24.32(Biochemistry & Molecular Biology)

ヒトゲノム解析のために、転写産物データベースを構築した。34057個のタンパク質コード領域と、642個のタンパク質をコードしていないRNAを見いだすことができた。

論文

Identification of a K isomer in $$^{252}$$No

Sulignano, B.*; Heinz, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; Lommel, B.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 33(4), p.327 - 331, 2007/09

 被引用回数:64 パーセンタイル:4.12(Physics, Nuclear)

The $$K$$-isomer with a half-life of 100 ms has been discovered in the nucleus $$^{252}$$No. The nucleus was produced in the fusion-evaporation reacion $$^{206}$$Pb($$^{48}$$Ca,2n)$$^{252}$$No. The experiment was carried out at the velocity filter SHIP of GSI. The isomeric state is located at an excitation energy of 1254 keV and is interpreted as a two quasi-neutron state with $$K$$=8$$^{-}$$. The isomeric state has direct connection to the rotational states of 8$$^{+}$$ in $$^{252}$$No. Also the rotational states of 6$$^{+}$$ and 4$$^{+}$$ was feeded via the octupole band with $$K$$=2$$^{-}$$. The isomeric state and the ground state was populated with the equal intensity in the fusion-evaporation reaction.

論文

The Reaction $$^{48}$$Ca+$$^{238}$$U $$rightarrow$$ $$^{286}$$112$$^{*}$$ studied at the GSI-SHIP

Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Burkhard, H. G.*; Comas, V. F.*; Dressler, R.*; Gan, Z.*; Heinz, S.*; Heredia, J. A.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 32(3), p.251 - 260, 2007/06

 被引用回数:221 パーセンタイル:0.35(Physics, Nuclear)

The fusion reaction of $$^{48}$$Ca projectiles with$$^{238}$$U target nuclei was studied at the velocity filter SHIP of GSI. Two decay chains were measured, which fully confirm data that were previously assigned to the isotope $$^{283}$$112 in experiments at the Flerov Laboratory in Dubna. Two other events are consistent with a 50 % spontaneous fission (SF) branch of this isotope. The mean value obtained for the half-life of $$^{283}$$112 is (6.9$$^{+6.9}_{-2.3}$$) s, the $$alpha$$ energy is (9.520$$pm$$0.015) MeV, and the total kinetic energy (TKE) of SF is (238$$pm$$14) MeV. The half-life of the $$alpha$$ decay daughter nucleus $$^{279}$$Ds is (0.18$$^{+0.32}_{-0.07}$$) s, and the TKE of SF is (210$$^{+32}_{-11}$$) MeV. The cross-section deduced from all four events is (0.72$$^{+0.58}_{-0.35}$$) pb, measured at an excitation energy of 34.6 MeV of the compound nucleus $$^{286}$$112.

論文

Alpha-$$gamma$$ decay studies of $$^{255}$$Rf, $$^{251}$$No and $$^{247}$$Fm

He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; Leino, M.*; Lommel, B.*; Mann, R.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 30(3), p.561 - 569, 2006/12

 被引用回数:42 パーセンタイル:9.42(Physics, Nuclear)

$$^{255}$$Rf, $$^{251}$$No及び$$^{247}$$Fmについて、$$alpha$$線と$$gamma$$線の検出による崩壊核分光実験を行った。実験は、ドイツ重イオン研究所の線形加速器施設UNILACにおける反跳生成核分離装置SHIPを用いて行った。SHIPで分離された蒸発残留核を焦点に設置したシリコン検出器に打ち込んだ。この検出器で$$alpha$$崩壊を検出し、また近くに設けたGe検出器で$$gamma$$線を検出した。これら同位体は、$$^{207}$$Pb($$^{50}$$Ti,2n)$$^{255}$$Rf及びこの$$^{255}$$Rfの$$alpha$$崩壊核種として生成し、さらに$$^{206}$$Pb($$^{48}$$Ca,3n)$$^{251}$$No反応及びこの$$^{251}$$Noの$$alpha$$崩壊核種として生成した。解析から次のことがわかった。(1)$$^{251}$$Noには半減期1.0秒のアイソマがあることがわかっていたが、このエネルギー準位が106keVであることがわかった。(2)また、$$^{251}$$Noには2$$mu$$sの半減期を持つ第2のアイソマがあり、$$^{206}$$Pb($$^{48}$$Ca,3n)$$^{251}$$No反応で直接生成されることがわかった。このアイソマは、2本の$$gamma$$線とコインシデンスし、解析から励起エネルギーが1700keV以上の準位にあることが示唆された。この2本の$$gamma$$線は、$$^{255}$$Rfの$$alpha$$崩壊につづく$$gamma$$遷移と一致した。

論文

Alpha-$$gamma$$ decay studies of $$^{255}$$No

He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Antalic, S.*; Kindler, B.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; Leino, M.*; Lommel, B.*; Mann, R.*; et al.

European Physical Journal A, 29(2), p.165 - 173, 2006/08

 被引用回数:36 パーセンタイル:11.54(Physics, Nuclear)

The decay of $$^{255}$$No was investigated by means of $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ spectroscopy. The experiment was carried out by using the velocity filter SHIP at GSI. The isotope was produced in the reactions $$^{208}$$Pb($$^{48}$$Ca,n)$$^{255}$$No, $$^{209}$$Bi($$^{48}$$Ca,2n)$$^{255}$$Lr (EC)-$$>$$ $$^{255}$$No, and $$^{238}$$U($$^{22}$$Ne,5n)$$^{255}$$No. Decay data for $$alpha$$-$$gamma$$ coincidence measurements were obtained, and the level structures of the daughter nucleus $$^{251}$$Fm were obtained, including the tentative assignment of (1) 9/2$$^{-}$$ for ground state and (2) 5/2$$^{+}$$ for the 200 keV isomeric state with $$T_{1/2}$$=21 $$mu$$s.

論文

$$alpha$$-decay of the new isotope $$^{187}$$Po; Probing prolate structures beyond the neutron mid-shell at N = 104

Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Franchoo, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kindler, B.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 73(4), p.044324_1 - 044324_8, 2006/04

 被引用回数:29 パーセンタイル:15.12(Physics, Nuclear)

The new neutron-deficient isotope $$^{187}$$Po has been identified in the complete fusion reaction $$^{46}$$Ti+$$^{144}$$Sm $$rightarrow$$ $$^{187}$$Po+3n at the velocity filter SHIP of GSI. Striking features of the $$^{187}$$Po $$alpha$$ decay are the strongly-hindered decay to the spherical ground state and unhindered decay to a surprisingly low-lying deformed excited state at 286 keV in the daughter nucleus $$^{183}$$Pb. Based on the potential energy surface calculations, the $$^{187}$$Po ground state and the 286 keV excited state in $$^{183}$$Pb were interpreted as being of prolate origin.

論文

$$alpha$$-decay spectroscopy of the new isotope $$^{192}$$At

Andreyev, A. N.*; Antalic, S.*; Ackermann, D.*; Franchoo, S.*; He${ss}$berger, F. P.*; Hofmann, S.*; Huyse, M.*; Kojouharov, I.*; Kindler, B.*; Kuusiniemi, P.*; et al.

Physical Review C, 73(2), p.024317_1 - 024317_11, 2006/02

 被引用回数:22 パーセンタイル:20.49(Physics, Nuclear)

Decay properties of the new neutron-deficient nuclide $$^{192}$$At have been studied in the complete fusion reaction $$^{144}$$Sm($$^{51}$$V,3n)$$^{192}$$At at the velocity filter SHIP of GSI. Two isomeric states with half-lives of 88(6) ms and 11.5(6) ms, respectively, and with complex $$alpha$$-decay schemes were identified in $$^{192}$$At. The decay pattern of one of the isomers suggests that it is based on the oblate-deformed $$pi$$2f7/2 $$times$$ $$nu$$1i13/2 configuration, which confirms the expected onset of deformation in the At isotopes by approaching the neutron midshell at N=104.

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